servile

  • 1 servile — [ sɛrvil ] adj. • mil. XIVe; lat. servilis 1 ♦ Didact. Propre aux esclaves et aux serfs, à leur état. Condition, travail servile. Théol. Œuvres serviles (opposé à libérales) : travaux manuels. 2 ♦ Fig. (plus cour.) Qui a un caractère de… …

    Encyclopédie Universelle

  • 2 Servile — Serv ile, a. [L. servile, fr. servus a servant or slave: cf. F. servile. See {Serve}.] 1. Of or pertaining to a servant or slave; befitting a servant or a slave; proceeding from dependence; hence, meanly submissive; slavish; mean; cringing;… …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 3 servile — Servile. adj. de tout genre. Qui appartient à l estat, à la fonction d un valet. Employ servile. homme de condition servile. On dit fig. Une ame, un esprit servile, pour dire, Une ame basse, un esprit qui a les sentimens, les manieres d agir d un …

    Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • 4 servile — late 14c., from L. servilis of a slave, servile, from servus slave (see SERVE (Cf. serve)). Earliest sense was legal, servile work being forbidden on the Sabbath; sense of cringing, fawning first recorded c.1600 …

    Etymology dictionary

  • 5 servile — [sʉr′vəl, sʉr′vīl΄] adj. [ME < L servilis < servus, slave: see SERF] 1. of a slave or slaves 2. like that of slaves or servants [servile employment] 3. like or characteristic of a slave; humbly yielding or submissive; cringing; abject 4.… …

    English World dictionary

  • 6 Servile — Serv ile, n. (Gram.) An element which forms no part of the original root; opposed to {radical}. [1913 Webster] …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 7 servile — I adjective abiectus, abject, compliant, deferential, downtrodden, fawning, groveling, harnessed, humble, humilis, ingratiating, low, mean, meek, menial, obedient, obeisant, obsequious, passive, prostrate, respectful, servilis, slavish, subject,… …

    Law dictionary

  • 8 servile — agg. [dal lat. servilis, der. di servus servo ]. 1. [di servo, proprio dei servi] ▶◀ schiavile. ◀▶ padronale. 2. a. (estens., spreg.) [di azione, comportamento, ecc., che asseconda la volontà altrui, spec. dei potenti, per viltà, interesse e… …

    Enciclopedia Italiana

  • 9 servile — *subservient, menial, slavish, obsequious Analogous words: *mean, abject, ignoble: fawning, cringing, truckling, cowering (see FAWN) Antonyms: authoritative …

    New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • 10 servile — [adj] grovelling, subservient abject, base, beggarly, bootlicking, craven, cringing, despicable, eating crow*, eating humble pie*, fawning, humble, ignoble, low, mean, obedient, obeisant, obsequious, passive, slavish, submissive, sycophantic,… …

    New thesaurus

  • 11 servile — ► ADJECTIVE 1) excessively willing to serve or please others. 2) of or characteristic of a slave or slaves. DERIVATIVES servilely adverb servility noun. ORIGIN Latin servilis, from servus slave …

    English terms dictionary

  • 12 servile — (sèr vi l ) adj. 1°   Qui appartient à l état d esclave. •   Je laisse la contrainte aux serviles personnes, TRISTAN Marianne, II, 1. •   Philippe d autre part, montrant sur le rivage Dans une âme servile un généreux courage, CORN. Pomp. II, 2.… …

    Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • 13 SERVILE — adj. des deux genres Qui appartient à l état d esclave, de domestique. Emploi servile. Homme de condition servile.   Il s emploie figurément, et signifie, Bas, rampant. Une âme servile. Un esprit servile. Obéissance servile. Sentiments serviles.… …

    Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • 14 SERVILE — adj. des deux genres Qui appartient à l’état d’esclave, de domestique. Emploi servile. Homme de condition servile. Dans le langage religieux, OEuvres serviles, Travaux manuels. SERVILE signifie, au figuré, Qui est bas, rampant. Une âme servile.… …

    Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • 15 servile — servilely, adv. servility, servileness, n. /serr vil, vuyl/, adj. 1. slavishly submissive or obsequious; fawning: servile flatterers. 2. characteristic of, proper to, or customary for slaves; abject: servile obedience. 3. yielding slavishly;… …

    Universalium

  • 16 servile — ser·vì·le agg., s.m. CO 1. agg., relativo alla condizione di servo, degno di un servo, quindi disonorevole, umiliante, degradante: lavoro servile, mestiere servile 2. agg., spreg., di qcn., che è incline a compiacere in modo incondizionato il… …

    Dizionario italiano

  • 17 servile — ser•vile [[t]ˈsɜr vɪl, vaɪl[/t]] adj. 1) slavishly submissive or obsequious; fawning: servile flatterers[/ex] 2) characteristic of, proper to, or customary for slaves; abject: servile obedience[/ex] 3) of, pertaining to, or involving slaves,… …

    From formal English to slang

  • 18 servile — /ˈsɜvaɪl / (say servuyl) adjective 1. obsequious: servile flatterers. 2. of or relating to slaves; proper to or customary for slaves; characteristic of a slave; abject: servile obedience. 3. slavishly exact; without originality. 4. being in… …

    Australian English dictionary

  • 19 servile — [[t]sɜ͟ː(r)vaɪl, AM v(ə)l[/t]] ADJ GRADED (disapproval) If you say that someone is servile, you disapprove of them because they are too eager to obey someone or do things for them. [FORMAL] He was subservient and servile... They said she had a… …

    English dictionary

  • 20 servile — a, servile, o adj. servile …

    Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu