archaeology

  • 1 archaeology —    Archaeology in Spain was strongly influenced by the forty years of Franco s dictatorship. Many of the more innovative researchers of the pre Civil War decades either went into exile or were prevented from working, and most of those who were… …

    Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • 2 Archaeology — Ar ch[ae]*ol o*gy ([aum]r k[ e]*[o^]l [ o]*j[y^]), n. [Gr. archaiologi a; archai^os ancient (fr. archh beginning) + lo gos discourse, le gein to speak.] The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of… …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 3 Archaeology —     The Commission of Sacred Archæology     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Commission of Sacred Archæology     An official pontifical board founded in the middle of the nineteenth century for the purpose of promoting and directing excavations in… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 4 archaeology — (n.) c.1600, ancient history, from Fr. archéologie (16c.) or directly from Gk. arkhaiologia the study of ancient things; see ARCHAEO (Cf. archaeo ) + OLOGY (Cf. ology). Meaning scientific study of ancient peoples recorded by 1825. Related:… …

    Etymology dictionary

  • 5 archaeology — *anthropology, ethnology …

    New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • 6 archaeology — is the BrE spelling; archeology is AmE …

    Modern English usage

  • 7 archaeology — [n] study of the physical remains of ancient cultures or eras antiquarianism, excavation, paleohistory, paleology, paleontology, prehistory; concept 349 …

    New thesaurus

  • 8 archaeology — (US also archeology) ► NOUN ▪ the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of physical remains. DERIVATIVES archaeologic adjective archaeological adjective archaeologist noun. ORIGIN from Greek… …

    English terms dictionary

  • 9 archaeology — [är΄kē äl′ə jē] n. [ ARCHAEO + LOGY] the scientific study of the life and culture of past, esp. ancient, peoples, as by excavation of ancient cities, artifacts, etc. archaeological [är΄kēə läj′i kəl] adj. archaeologically adv. archaeologist n …

    English World dictionary

  • 10 Archaeology — For the magazine about archaeology, see Archaeology (magazine). Excavations at the site of Gran Dolina, in the Atapuerca Mountains, Spain, 2008 Archaeology, or archeology[1] (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia …

    Wikipedia

  • 11 ARCHAEOLOGY — The term archaeology is derived from the Greek words archaios ( ancient ) and logos ( knowledge, discourse ) and was already used in ancient Greek literature in reference to the study of ancient times. In its modern sense it has come to mean the… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 12 archaeology — archaeologist, n. /ahr kee ol euh jee/, n. 1. the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains, esp. those that have been excavated. 2. Rare …

    Universalium

  • 13 archaeology — Discoveries at a multitude of sites in the Middle East under a succession of brilliant archaeologists British, American, German, French, and, since 1948, Israeli have made an enormous contribution to biblical, especially OT, studies and… …

    Dictionary of the Bible

  • 14 archaeology — /akiˈɒlədʒi / (say ahkee oluhjee) noun 1. the systematic study of any culture, especially a prehistoric one, by excavation and description of its remains. 2. the body of knowledge relating to this study. 3. the remains of the culture of a… …

    Australian-English dictionary

  • 15 archaeology — noun /ˌɑː(ɹ).kiˈɒl.ə.dʒi,ˌɑɹ.kiˈɑl.ə.dʒi/ The study of the past through material remains. Often focused upon the life and culture of ancient peoples, but also applied to the more recent past. In American usage, one of the four sub disciplines of… …

    Wiktionary

  • 16 ARCHAEOLOGY —    Archaeological artifacts play an important role for the understanding of Mesopotamian civilization. All the cuneiform tablets, almost all architectural remains, all objects and artworks had to be retrieved from the ground. The exploration of… …

    Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • 17 archaeology — [[t]ɑ͟ː(r)kiɒ̱ləʤi[/t]] also archeology N UNCOUNT Archaeology is the study of the societies and peoples of the past by examining the remains of their buildings, tools, and other objects. Derived words: archaeological [[t]ɑ͟ː(r)kiəlɒ̱ʤɪk(ə)l[/t]]… …

    English dictionary

  • 18 archaeology —    The scientific study of material evidence, such as burials, architecture, tools, and pottery remaining from past cultures primarily but not exclusively those of Stone Age and ancient period. Its principal activities include preliminary field… …

    Glossary of Art Terms

  • 19 ARCHAEOLOGY — found at Kaerin in the Golan Heights. Photo: Z. Radovan, Jerusalem. ) Restored family houses from the talmudic era (3rd–5th centuries C.E.) found at Kaẓerin in the Golan Heights. Photo: Z. Radovan, Jerusalem.     <! > !masadabackdrop of the …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 20 archaeology — or archeology noun Etymology: French archéologie, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek archaiologia, from archaio + logia logy Date: 1837 1. the scientific study of material remains (as fossil relics, artifacts, and… …

    New Collegiate Dictionary