to+a+certain+extent

  • 81GERMANY — GERMANY, country in north central Europe. The Talmud and the Midrash use Germania (or Germamia ) as a designation for northern European countries, and also refer to the military prowess of these peoples and to the threat they posed to the Roman… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 82CULTURAL LIFE — Introduction The movement for the return to Zion which emerged as a force at the end of the 19th century was based on a variety of motivations, including the political – the demand for an independent homeland where the Jews could forge their own… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 83Egypt — /ee jipt/, n. 1. Arab Republic of. a republic in NE Africa. 64,791,891; 386,198 sq. mi. (1,000,252 sq. km). Cap.: Cairo. Arabic, Misr. Formerly (1958 71), United Arab Republic. 2. an ancient kingdom in NE Africa: divided into the Nile Delta… …

    Universalium

  • 84primitive culture — Introduction       in the lexicon of early anthropologists, any of numerous societies characterized by features that may include lack of a written language, relative isolation, small population, relatively simple social institutions and… …

    Universalium

  • 85Surplus value — is a concept created by Karl Marx in his critique of political economy, where its ultimate source is unpaid surplus labor performed by the worker for the capitalist, serving as a basis for capital accumulation.The German equivalent word Mehrwert… …

    Wikipedia

  • 86bioethics — bioethical, adj. bioethicist /buy oh eth euh sist/, n. /buy oh eth iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a field of study concerned with the ethics and philosophical implications of certain biological and medical procedures, technologies, and… …

    Universalium

  • 87JUDEO-ARABIC LITERATURE — JUDEO ARABIC LITERATURE, written in Arabic by Jews for Jews. It is written in an idiom which is linguistically closer to the spoken form of Arabic than is the idiom used in Muslim literature. It may plausibly be assumed that, prior to the rise of …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 88renal system — ▪ anatomy Introduction  in humans (human body), organ system that includes the kidneys, where urine is produced, and the ureters, bladder, and urethra for the passage, storage, and voiding of urine.       In many respects the human excretory, or… …

    Universalium

  • 89America — • Consists of three main divisions: North America, Central America, and South America Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. America     America      …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 90Schopenhauer, Arthur — Arthur Schopenhauer Kathleen M.Higgins Despite a recent surge of philosophical interest, Arthur Schopenhauer remains one of the most underappreciated philosophers of modern times. He has arguably had a greater influence on subsequent philosophy… …

    History of philosophy

  • 91OTTOMAN EMPIRE — OTTOMAN EMPIRE, Balkan and Middle Eastern empire started by a Turkish tribe, led by ʿUthmān (1288–1326), at the beginning of the 14th century. This entry is arranged according to the following outline: sources …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 92REVISIONISTS, ZIONIST — (full name: Union of Zionists Revisionists; abbr. Hebrew name, Ha Ẓohar; later New Zionist Organization), movement of maximalist political Zionists founded and led by Vladimir jabotinsky . In the later 1920s and in the 1930s the Revisionists… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 93angiosperm — /an jee euh sperrm /, n. Bot. a plant having its seeds enclosed in an ovary; a flowering plant. Cf. gymnosperm. [ANGIO + SPERM] * * * ▪ plant Introduction       any member of the more than 300,000 species of flowering plants (division Anthophyta) …

    Universalium

  • 94dialect — /duy euh lekt /, n. 1. Ling. a variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by features of phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, and by its use by a group of speakers who are set off from others… …

    Universalium

  • 95The Vatican —     The Vatican     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Vatican     This subject will be treated under the following heads:     I. Introduction; II. Architectural History of the Vatican Palace; III. Description of the Palace; IV. Description of the… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 96SOCIALISM, JEWISH — This article refers to specifically Jewish movements and parties which envisaged the creation of a socialist society as an essential aspect of the solution to the Jewish question. This definition, while far from perfect, has the virtue of… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 97colonialism, Western — ▪ politics Introduction       a political economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world.       The age of modern colonialism began about 1500, following the European… …

    Universalium

  • 98Sacrifice of the Mass — • The word Mass (missa) first established itself as the general designation for the Eucharistic Sacrifice in the West after the time of Pope Gregory the Great, the early Church having used the expression the breaking of bread (fractio panis) or… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 99Church Music —     Ecclesiastical Music     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ecclesiastical Music     By this term is meant the music which, by order or with the approbation of ecclesiastical authority, is employed in connexion with Divine service to promote the… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 100LABOR — Jewish Labor Organizations IN THE PRE STATE PERIOD Since the last decades of the 19th century, a number of sporadic labor associations have arisen in agriculture and in the printing, clothing, and building trades, as well as groups limited to a… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism