# temperament

101

**Equal temperament**— Temperament Tem per*a*ment, n. [L. temperamentum a mixing in due proportion, proper measure, temperament: cf. F. temp[ e]rament. See {Temper}, v. t.] 1. Internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities,… …102

**Unequal temperament**— Temperament Tem per*a*ment, n. [L. temperamentum a mixing in due proportion, proper measure, temperament: cf. F. temp[ e]rament. See {Temper}, v. t.] 1. Internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities,… …103

**Musical temperament**— In musical tuning, a temperament is a system of tuning which slightly compromises the pure intervals of just intonation in order to meet other requirements of the system. Most instruments in modern Western music are tuned in the equal temperament …104

**Equal temperament**— is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning in which every pair of adjacent notes has an identical frequency ratio. In equal temperament tunings an interval mdash; usually the octave mdash; is divided into a series of equal steps (equal… …105

**Meantone temperament**— is a musical temperament, which is a system of musical tuning. In general, a meantone is constructed the same way as Pythagorean tuning, as a stack of perfect fifths, but in meantone, each fifth is narrow compared to the ratio 27/12:1 in 12 equal …106

**tuning and temperament**— In music, the adjustment of one sound source, such as a voice or string, to produce a desired pitch in relation to a given pitch, and the modification of that tuning to lessen dissonance. Tuning assures a good sound for a given pair of tones;… …107

**Well temperament**— (also circular or circulating temperament) is a type of tempered tuning described in 20th century music theory. The term is modelled on the German word wohltemperiert which appears in the title of J.S. Bach s famous composition, The Well Tempered …108

**Keirsey Temperament Sorter**— The Keirsey Temperament Sorter (KTS) is a self assessed personality questionnaire designed to help people better understand themselves, first introduced in the book Please Understand Me . KTS is closely associated with the Myers Briggs Type… …109

**Regular temperament**— is any tempered system of musical tuning such that each frequency ratio is obtainable as a product of powers of a finite number of generators, or generating frequency ratios. The classic example of a regular temperament is meantone temperament,… …110

**53 equal temperament**— In music, 53 equal temperament, called 53 TET, 53 EDO, or 53 ET, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into fifty three equally large steps. Each step represents a frequency ratio of 21/53, or 22.6415 cents, an interval sometimes… …111

**Keirsey Temperament Sorter**— Der Keirsey Temperament Sorter ist ein von David Keirsey 1978 entwickelter psychologischer Test, der Menschen in vier Basistemperamente mit je vier Subtemperamenten kategorisiert. Keirseys Temperament Sorter basiert im Wesentlichen auf dem Myers… …112

**Schismatic temperament**— In music, the schismatic temperament is the result of tempering (musical tuning) the schisma of 32805:32768 to a unison. It is also called the schismic temperament or Helmholtz temperament.Comparison with other tuningsThe quarter comma meantone… …113

**19 equal temperament**— In music, 19 equal temperament, called 19 TET, 19 EDO, or 19 ET, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into 19 equally large steps. Each step represents a frequency ratio of 21/19, or 63.16 cents. Because 19 is a prime number, one… …114

**Kirnberger temperament**— is an irregular temperament which was developed in the second half of the eighteenth century by Johann Kirnberger. Kirnberger was a student of Johann Sebastian Bach, and it is rumored that they had many disagreements concerning tuning systems at… …115

**Rational temperament**— The Rational temperament is one of the four temperaments defined by David Keirsey. Correlating with the NT (intuitive–thinking) Myers Briggs types, the Rational temperament comprises the following role variants (listed with their corresponding… …116

**31 equal temperament**— In music, 31 equal temperament, which can be abbreviated 31 tET, 31 EDO, 31 ET, is the tempered scale derived by dividing the octave into 31 equal sized steps. Each step represents a frequency ratio of 21/31, or 38.71 cents.Division of the octave …117

**Artisan temperament**— The Artisan temperament is one of four temperaments defined by David Keirsey. Correlating with the SP (sensing–perceiving) Myers Briggs types, the Artisan temperament comprises the following role variants (listed with their corresponding Myers… …118

**Idealist temperament**— The Idealist temperament is one of four temperaments defined by David Keirsey. Correlating with the NF (intuitive–feeling) Myers Briggs types, the Idealist temperament comprises the following role variants (listed with their corresponding Myers… …119

**Guardian temperament**— The Guardian temperament is one of four temperaments defined by David Keirsey. Correlating with the SJ (sensing–judging) Myers Briggs types, the Guardian temperament comprises the following role variants (listed with their corresponding Myers… …120

**Magic temperament**— In microtonal music, Magic temperament is a regular temperament whose period is an octave and whose generator is an approximation to the 5/4 just major third. In 12 tone equal temperament, three major thirds add up to an octave, since it tempers… …