secular+affairs

  • 61Lay brother — In the most common usage, lay brothers are those members of Catholic religious orders, particularly of monastic orders, occupied primarily with manual labour and with the secular affairs of a monastery or friary, in contrast to the choir monks of …

    Wikipedia

  • 62N. S. Rajaram — Navaratna Srinivasa Rajaram (born 1943 in Mysore, India) is an Indian mathematician, who is however notable for his publications with the Voice of India publishing house focusing on the Indigenous Aryans controversy in Indian politics, in some… …

    Wikipedia

  • 63Most Holy Synod — Headquarters of the Holy Synod of the Russian Empire in St. Petersburg …

    Wikipedia

  • 64Visigothic Kingdom — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Visigothic Kingdom common name = Visigothic Kingdom continent = Europe region = Iberian Peninsula country = Spain government type = Monarchy event start = Visigoths was awarded land in …

    Wikipedia

  • 65Science in the Age of Enlightenment — The scientific history of the Age of Enlightenment traces developments in science and technology during the Age of Reason, when Enlightenment ideas and ideals were being disseminated across Europe and North America. Generally, the period spans… …

    Wikipedia

  • 66Richard Le Grant — ▪ archbishop of Canterbury also called Richard Grant, Richard Le Grand, or Richard Of Wethershed died Aug. 3, 1231, San Gemini, Duchy of Spoleto [Italy]       45th archbishop of Canterbury (1229–31), who asserted the independence of the clergy… …

    Universalium

  • 67Lavant — • An Austrian bishopric in the southern part of Styria, suffragan of Salzburg Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lavant     Lavant     † …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 68Cross-dressing, sexuality, and gender identity of Joan of Arc — Emmanuel Frémiet s statue of Joan of Arc, in military attire, stands outside Place des Pyramides, Paris. Joan of Arc (Fr: Jeanne d Arc), a French revolutionary executed by the English for heresy in 1431, is a national heroine of France and a… …

    Wikipedia

  • 69Introduction —    To compose an encyclopedia of “medieval literature” of the world is a daunting prospect, since it involves a significant period of time (more than 1,000 years) and a remarkable number of literary traditions (European, Middle Eastern, Persian,… …

    Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • 70world — [wʉrld] n. [ME < OE werold, world, humanity, long time, akin to OHG weralt < early WGmc comp. < * wera , man (see WEREWOLF) + * alth , an age, mankind (for IE base see OLD): basic sense “the age of man”] 1. a) the planet earth b) the… …

    English World dictionary

  • 71world — I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Old English woruld human existence, this world, age (akin to Old High German weralt age, world); akin to Old English wer man, eald old more at virile, old Date: before 12th century 1. a. the earthly state… …

    New Collegiate Dictionary

  • 72History of the Jews in Turkey — Jewsref|name|§ have lived in the geographic area of Asia Minor (modern Turkey) for more than 2,400 years. In the later Middle Ages, Ashkenazi Jews migrating to the Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire supplemented the original Jewish population of …

    Wikipedia

  • 73Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick — Donnchadh ( Duncan ) Mormaer or Earl of Carrick A 19th century reproduction of an impression of Donnchadh s seal, surviving from a Melrose charter, depicting [according to antiquarian Henry Laing] a winged dragon ; …

    Wikipedia

  • 74History of Ukrainian nationality — The history of Ukrainian nationality can be traced back the Kiev based kingdom of Kievan Rus (Kиïвcκa Pуc) of the 9th to 12th centuries. It was the predecessor state to what would eventually become the Eastern Slavic nations of Belarus, Russia,… …

    Wikipedia

  • 75chile — /chil ee/, n. chili. * * * Chile Introduction Chile Background: A three year old Marxist government was overthrown in 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990 …

    Universalium

  • 76Chile — Chilean, adj., n. /chil ee/; Sp. /chee le/, n. a republic in SW South America, on the Pacific Coast. 14,508,168; 286,396 sq. mi. (741,765 sq. km). Cap.: Santiago. * * * Chile Introduction Chile Background: A three year old Marxist government was… …

    Universalium

  • 77Mazarin, Jules, Cardinal — ▪ French cardinal and statesman Introduction original Italian in full  Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino, or Mazarini  born July 14, 1602, Pescina, Abruzzi, Kingdom of Naples [now in Italy] died March 9, 1661, Vincennes, France  first minister of France… …

    Universalium

  • 78Midst — Midst, n. [From middest, in the middest, for older in middes, where s is adverbial (orig. forming a genitive), or still older a midde, a midden, on midden. See {Mid}, and cf. {Amidst}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The interior or central part or place; the …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 79anticlerical — adjective Date: 1845 opposed to clericalism or to the interference or influence of the clergy in secular affairs • anticlerical noun • anticlericalism noun …

    New Collegiate Dictionary

  • 80Cardinal (Catholicism) — A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually a bishop, of the Catholic Church. They are collectively known as the College of Cardinals, which as a body elects a new pope. The duties of the cardinals include attending the meetings of… …

    Wikipedia