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  • 181Canon of the Old Testament — • Signifies the authoritative list or closed number of the writings composed under Divine inspiration, and destined for the well being of the Church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canon of the Old Testament      …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 182France — • Geography, statistics, and history Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. France     France     † …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 183Heaven — • In the Holy Bible the term heaven denotes, in the first place, the blue firmament, or the region of the clouds that pass along the sky. Gen., i, 20, speaks of the birds under the firmament of heaven . In other passages it denotes the region of… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 184Christian Calendar —     Christian Calendar     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Christian Calendar      GENERALITIES     All civilized peoples and even those which seem to be only just emerging from utter barbarism keep some kind of record of the flight of time and are… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 185Mithraic mysteries — Double faced Mithraic relief. Rome, 2nd to 3rd century AD. Louvre Museum The Mithraic Mysteries were a mystery religion practised in the Roman Empire from about the 1st to 4th centuries AD. The name of the Persian god Mithra, adapted into Greek… …

    Wikipedia

  • 186Socrates and the beginnings of moral philosophy — Hugh H.Benson INTRODUCTION Cicero in Tusculan Disputations famously tells us that Socrates first called philosophy down from the sky, set it in cities and even introduced it into homes, and compelled it to consider life and morals, good and evil …

    History of philosophy

  • 187Epicureanism — Stephen Everson It is tempting to portray Epicureanism as the most straightforward, perhaps even simplistic, of the major dogmatic philosophical schools of the Hellenistic age. Starting from an atomic physics, according to which ‘the totality of… …

    History of philosophy

  • 188Paris and Oxford between Aureoli and Rimini — Chris Schabel Oxford ideas in logic and natural philosophy were readily received, analysed, and partially incorporated into corresponding writings of a logical or natural philosophical nature at the University of Paris throughout the 1320s, 1330s …

    History of philosophy

  • 189ANTISEMITISM — ANTISEMITISM, a term coined in 1879, from the Greek ἁντί = anti, and Σημ = Semite by the German agitator wilhelm marr to designate the then current anti Jewish campaigns in Europe. Antisemitism soon came into general use as a term denoting all… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 190ART — This article is arranged according to the following outline: Antiquity to 1800 INTRODUCTION: JEWISH ATTITUDE TO ART biblical period the sanctuary and first temple period second temple period after the fall of jerusalem relation to early christian …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 191MOROCCO — MOROCCO, westernmost country in North Africa. The first arrival of Jews in Morocco goes back to antiquity. There are numerous legends which claim that they settled in the country before the destruction of the First Temple. From the fifth to the… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 192MOSES — (Heb. מֹשֶׁה; LXX, Mōusēs; Vulg. Moyses), leader, prophet, and lawgiver (set in modern chronology in the first half of the 13th century B.C.E.). Commissioned to take the Israelites out of Egypt, Moses led them from his 80th year to his death at… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 193ROME — ROME, capital of Italy. The Classical Period THE MIDDLE AND LATE REPUBLIC The earliest record of contact between Jews and the Roman Republic is the embassy sent by judah the Maccabee to Rome, headed by Eupolemos ben Joḥanan, and Jason ben Eleazar …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 194ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 195Complex number — A complex number can be visually represented as a pair of numbers forming a vector on a diagram called an Argand diagram, representing the complex plane. Re is the real axis, Im is the imaginary axis, and i is the square root of –1. A complex… …

    Wikipedia

  • 196Charles I of England — Charles I Portrait by Anthony van Dyck, 1636 King of England and Ireland (more...) Reign 27 March 1625 – 3 …

    Wikipedia

  • 197Nazi Germany — Greater German Reich Großdeutsches Reich ↓ 1933–1945 …

    Wikipedia

  • 198Foreign relations of South Korea — The foreign relations of South Korea are dominated by its relationships with North Korea, Japan, China and United States.The Constitution of the Sixth Republic vests the conduct of foreign affairs in the presidency and the State Council, subject… …

    Wikipedia

  • 199International Whaling Commission — The International Whaling Commission (IWC) is an international body set up by the terms of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) [ International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, with Schedule of Whaling… …

    Wikipedia

  • 200Northern Epirus — Note: For the autonomous state formed in the region at 1914, see: Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus. The region of Epirus, stretching across Greece and Albania. Legend grey: Approximate extent of Epirus in antiquity orange: Greek periphery… …

    Wikipedia