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  • 141Culture — For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). Petroglyphs in modern day Gobustan, Azerbaijan, dating back to 10 000 BCE indicating a thriving culture …

    Wikipedia

  • 142Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… …

    Universalium

  • 143evolution — evolutional, adj. evolutionally, adv. /ev euh looh sheuhn/ or, esp. Brit., /ee veuh /, n. 1. any process of formation or growth; development: the evolution of a language; the evolution of the airplane. 2. a product of such development; something… …

    Universalium

  • 144Hungary — /hung geuh ree/, n. a republic in central Europe. 9,935,774; 35,926 sq. mi. (93,050 sq. km). Cap.: Budapest. Hungarian, Magyarország. * * * Hungary Introduction Hungary Background: Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro Hungarian Empire, which… …

    Universalium

  • 145population — populational, adj. populationless, adj. /pop yeuh lay sheuhn/, n. 1. the total number of persons inhabiting a country, city, or any district or area. 2. the body of inhabitants of a place: The population of the city opposes the addition of… …

    Universalium

  • 146race — race1 /rays/, n., v., raced, racing. n. 1. a contest of speed, as in running, riding, driving, or sailing. 2. races, a series of races, usually of horses or dogs, run at a set time over a regular course: They spent a day at the races. 3. any… …

    Universalium

  • 147Race — /rays/, n. Cape, a cape at the SE extremity of Newfoundland. * * * I Term once commonly used in physical anthropology to denote a division of humankind possessing traits that are transmissible by descent and sufficient to characterize it as a… …

    Universalium

  • 148animal learning — ▪ zoology Introduction       the alternation of behaviour as a result of individual experience. When an organism can perceive and change its behaviour, it is said to learn.       That animals can learn seems to go without saying. The cat that… …

    Universalium

  • 149biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …

    Universalium

  • 150Low Countries, history of — Introduction       history of the Low Countries from prehistoric times to 1579.       For historical purposes, the name Low Countries is generally understood to include the territory of what is today The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg, as… …

    Universalium

  • 151Dispensation — • An act whereby in a particular case a lawful superior grants relaxation from an existing law Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Dispensation     Dispensation      …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 152Historical Criticism — • The art of distinguishing the true from the false concerning facts of the past Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Historical Criticism     Historical Criticism      …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 153St. Justin Martyr —     St. Justin Martyr     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Justin Martyr     Christian apologist, born at Flavia Neapolis, about A.D. 100, converted to Christianity about A.D. 130, taught and defended the Christian religion in Asia Minor and at Rome …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 154The Blessed Trinity —     The Blessed Trinity     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Blessed Trinity     This article is divided as follows:          I. Dogma of the Trinity;     II. Proof of the Doctrine from Scripture;     III. Proof of the Doctrine from Tradition;… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 155The Sacrament of Penance —     The Sacrament of Penance     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Sacrament of Penance     Penance is a sacrament of the New Law instituted by Christ in which forgiveness of sins committed after baptism is granted through the priest s absolution to… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 156Hegel, spirit, and politics — Leo Rauch Hegel’s impact on political thought has been immense giving shape to the major political movements of the modern world. Yet the person of average education is hardly familiar with the name, which is usually identified with a small… …

    History of philosophy

  • 157BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 158HISTORIOGRAPHY — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the bible second temple period chronicles of the jews early middle ages spanish and portuguese sixteenth to the seventeenth centuries systematic histories early studies the wissenschaft …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 159ALIYAH AND ABSORPTION — GENERAL SURVEY Introduction Aliyah, ascension or going up, is the coming of Jews as individuals or in groups, from exile or diaspora to live in the Land of Israel. Those who go up for this purpose are known as olim – a term used in the Bible for… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 160MISHPAT IVRI — This article is arranged according to the following outline: definition and terminology RELIGIOUS HALAKHAH AND LEGAL HALAKHAH common features law and morals de oraita and de rabbanan distinguishing between the two categories legal consequences of …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism