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  • 121AGRICULTURE — in the land of israel in prehistory from the beginning of the bronze age to the conquest of joshua early israelite the period of the first temple the period of the return and the second temple the hasmonean period the mishnaic and talmudic period …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 122GENIZAH, CAIRO — Introduction The term genizah is a word shortened from the rabbinical Hebrew phrase bet genizah (see also genizah ). Its counterpart in late biblical Hebrew is genez (pl. genazim, ginzei) which in Esther evidently means a treasury, as well as the …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 123CULTURAL LIFE — Introduction The movement for the return to Zion which emerged as a force at the end of the 19th century was based on a variety of motivations, including the political – the demand for an independent homeland where the Jews could forge their own… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 124REVISIONISTS, ZIONIST — (full name: Union of Zionists Revisionists; abbr. Hebrew name, Ha Ẓohar; later New Zionist Organization), movement of maximalist political Zionists founded and led by Vladimir jabotinsky . In the later 1920s and in the 1930s the Revisionists… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 125Iran — Persia redirects here. For other uses, see Persia (disambiguation). Coordinates: 32°N 53°E …

    Wikipedia

  • 126Aberdeen —    ABERDEEN, a city, and sea port town, the seat of a university, the capital of the county of Aberdeen, and the metropolis of the North of Scotland, 109 miles (N. N. E.) from Edinburgh, and 425 (N. by W.) from London; containing, with parts of… …

    A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • 127Arabic language — Arabic redirects here. For other uses, see Arabic (disambiguation). For the literary standard, see Modern Standard Arabic. For vernaculars, see varieties of Arabic. For others, see Arabic languages. Arabic العربية/عربي/عربى al ʿarabiyyah/ʿarabī …

    Wikipedia

  • 128Scientific opinion on climate change — This article is about scientific opinion on climate change. For public perception and controversy about the scientific consensus, see Public opinion on climate change and Global warming controversy. For opinions of individual dissenting… …

    Wikipedia

  • 129Military history of Australia during World War I — …

    Wikipedia

  • 130anthropology — anthropological /an threuh peuh loj i keuhl/, anthropologic, adj. anthropologically, adv. /an threuh pol euh jee/, n. 1. the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs… …

    Universalium

  • 131Charity and Charities — • In its widest and highest sense, charity includes love of God as well as love of man Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Charity and Charities     Charity and Charities …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 132Order of Preachers —     Order of Preachers     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Order of Preachers     As the Order of the Friars Preachers is the principal part of the entire Order of St. Dominic, we shall include under this title the two other parts of the order: the… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 133Kingdom of Greece — Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος Vasílion tis Elládos ← …

    Wikipedia

  • 134Maya civilization — This article is about the pre Columbian Maya civilization. For a discussion of the modern Maya, see Maya peoples. For other meanings of the word Maya, see Maya …

    Wikipedia

  • 135Lebanon — /leb euh neuhn/ or, esp. for 1, / non /, n. 1. a republic at the E end of the Mediterranean, N of Israel. 3,858,736; 3927 sq. mi. (10,170 sq. km). Cap.: Beirut. 2. a city in SE Pennsylvania. 25,711. 3. a city in N central Tennessee. 11,872. 4. a… …

    Universalium

  • 136WISSENSCHAFT DES JUDENTUMS — (Ger.; Science of Judaism ; in Hebrew Ḥokhmat Yisrael). Origin and Definition The term Wissenschaft des Judentums first made its appearance among young Jewish intellectuals during the 1810s and 1820s. Its principal objective, as it was then… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 137humanism — /hyooh meuh niz euhm/ or, often, /yooh /, n. 1. any system or mode of thought or action in which human interests, values, and dignity predominate. 2. devotion to or study of the humanities. 3. (sometimes cap.) the studies, principles, or culture… …

    Universalium

  • 138Ireland — Irelander, n. /uyeur leuhnd/, n. 1. John, 1838 1918, U.S. Roman Catholic clergyman and social reformer, born in Ireland: archbishop of St. Paul, Minn., 1888 1918. 2. Also called Emerald Isle. Latin, Hibernia. a large western island of the British …

    Universalium

  • 139Israel — /iz ree euhl, ray /, n. 1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem. 2. the people traditionally descended from Jacob; the Hebrew or Jewish people. 3 …

    Universalium

  • 140metabolism — /meuh tab euh liz euhm/, n. 1. Biol., Physiol. the sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its material substance is produced, maintained, and destroyed, and by which energy is made available. Cf. anabolism, catabolism …

    Universalium