# general+or+abstract+notion

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**Hume on human understanding**— David Hume on human understanding Anne Jaap Jacobson David Hume’s A Treatise of Human Nature1 was published before he was 30 years old. It is often said to be the greatest philosophical work written in English. Bold and ambitious, it is designed… …102

**Algorithm**— Flow chart of an algorithm (Euclid s algorithm) for calculating the greatest common divisor (g.c.d.) of two numbers a and b in locations named A and B. The algorithm proceeds by successive subtractions in two loops: IF the test B ≤ A yields yes… …103

**Ockham’s world and future**— Arthur Gibson PHILOSOPHICAL BIOGRAPHY Ockham was born in about 1285, certainly before 1290, probably in the village of Ockham, Surrey, near London. If his epitaph is accurate, he died on 10 April 1347. Yet Conrad of Megenberg, when writing to… …104

**HEBREW GRAMMAR**— The following entry is divided into two sections: an Introduction for the non specialist and (II) a detailed survey. [i] HEBREW GRAMMAR: AN INTRODUCTION There are four main phases in the history of the Hebrew language: the biblical or classical,… …105

**List of mathematical jargon**— The language of mathematics has a vast vocabulary of specialist and technical terms. It also has a certain amount of jargon: commonly used phrases which are part of the culture of mathematics, rather than of the subject. Jargon often appears in… …106

**international relations**— a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …107

**Curry–Howard correspondence**— A proof written as a functional program: the proof of commutativity of addition on natural numbers in the proof assistant Coq. nat ind stands for mathematical induction, eq ind for substitution of equals and f equal for taking the same function… …108

**Hegel, spirit, and politics**— Leo Rauch Hegel’s impact on political thought has been immense giving shape to the major political movements of the modern world. Yet the person of average education is hardly familiar with the name, which is usually identified with a small… …109

**List of important publications in mathematics**— One of the oldest surviving fragments of Euclid s Elements, found at Oxyrhynchus and dated to circa AD 100. The diagram accompanies Book II, Proposition 5.[1] This is a list of important publications in mathematics, organized by field. Some… …110

**education**— /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …111

**Immanuel Kant**— Kant redirects here. For other uses, see Kant (disambiguation). See also: Kant (surname) Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant Full name Immanuel Kant Born 22 April 1724 …112

**Essentially contested concept**— In a paper delivered to the Aristotelian Society on 12 March 1956, [Published immediately as Gallie (1956a); a later, slightly altered version appears in Gallie (1964).] Walter Bryce Gallie (1912 ndash;1998) introduced the term essentially… …113

**Matrix (mathematics)**— Specific elements of a matrix are often denoted by a variable with two subscripts. For instance, a2,1 represents the element at the second row and first column of a matrix A. In mathematics, a matrix (plural matrices, or less commonly matrixes)… …114

**metaphysics**— /met euh fiz iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. the branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, includes ontology and cosmology, and is intimately connected with epistemology. 2. philosophy, esp. in its more abstruse branches. 3. the… …115

**Bradley, F.H.**— Bradley T.L.S.Sprigge INTRODUCTORY F.H.Bradley (1846–1924) was a fellow of Merton College, Oxford, for all his adult life. Though his personality and life are interesting, information about them is not required for an understanding of his… …116

**KABBALAH**— This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… …117

**Postmodernism**— This article is about the philosophy. For the condition or state of being, see Postmodernity. Postmodernism preceded by Modernism Postmodernity …118

**Differentiable manifold**— A nondifferentiable atlas of charts for the globe. The results of calculus may not be compatible between charts if the atlas is not differentiable. In the middle chart the Tropic of Cancer is a smooth curve, whereas in the first it has a sharp… …119

**Algebra**— This article is about the branch of mathematics. For other uses, see Algebra (disambiguation). Algebra is the branch of mathematics concerning the study of the rules of operations and relations, and the constructions and concepts arising from… …120

**semantics**— semanticist /si man teuh sist/, semantician /see man tish euhn/, n. /si man tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Ling. a. the study of meaning. b. the study of linguistic development by classifying and examining changes in meaning and form. 2.… …