example

  • 181Constructivism (learning theory) — Jean Piaget: founder of Constructivism Constructivism is a theory of knowledge (epistemology)[1] that argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences and their ideas. During infancy, it was an… …

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  • 182Open set — Example: The points (x, y) satisfying x2 + y2 = r2 are colored blue. The points (x, y) satisfying x2 + y2 < r2 are colored red. The red points form an open set. The blue points form a closed set. The union of the red and blue points is a… …

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  • 183Markup language — Example of RecipeBook, a simple markup language based on XML for creating recipes. The markup can be converted to HTML, PDF and Rich Text Format using a programming language or XSL. A markup language is a modern system for annotating a text in a… …

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  • 184Jackson Structured Programming — Example of a JSP diagram. Jackson Structured Programming or JSP is a method for structured programming based on correspondences between data stream structure and program structure. JSP structures programs and data in terms of sequences,… …

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  • 185Tablature — Example of numeric vihuela tablature from the book Orphenica Lyra by Miguel de Fuenllana (1554). Red numerals (original) mark the vocal part. Tablature (or tabulature, or tab for short) is a form of musical notation indicating instrument… …

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  • 186Nucleic acid tertiary structure — Example of a large catalytic RNA. The self splicing group II intron from Oceanobacillus iheyensis.[1] The tertiary structure of a nucleic acid is its precise three dimensional structure, as defined by the atomic coordinates.[2] …

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  • 187Four color theorem — Example of a four colored map A four colori …

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  • 188Instant-runoff voting — Example instant runoff voting ballot …

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  • 189Linear regression — Example of simple linear regression, which has one independent variable In statistics, linear regression is an approach to modeling the relationship between a scalar variable y and one or more explanatory variables denoted X. The case of one… …

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  • 190Nonchord tone — Example of nonchord tones (in red)  Play (help· …

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  • 191Tone cluster — Example of piano tone clusters. The clusters in the upper staff C♯ D♯ F♯ G♯ are four successive black keys …

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  • 192Reduction (complexity) — Example of a reduction from a boolean satisfiability problem to a vertex cover problem. Blue vertices form a vertex cover which corresponds to truth values. In computability theory and computational complexity theory, a reduction is a… …

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  • 193Median filter — Example of 3 median filters of varying radii applied to the same noisy photograph. Implemented in Adobe Photoshop. In signal processing, it is often desirable to be able to perform some kind of noise reduction on an image or signal. The median… …

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  • 194Optical feedback — Example 1. Optical feedback Example 2. Screenshots of optical feedback Optical feedback is the …

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  • 195Object database — Example of an object oriented model.[1] An object database (also object oriented database management system) is a database management system in which information is represented in the form of objects as used in object oriented programming. Object …

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  • 196Planar graph — Example graphs Planar Nonplanar Butterfly graph K5 The complete graph K4 …

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  • 197Psychological pricing — Example of psychological pricing at a gas station Psychological pricing or price ending is a marketing practice based on the theory that certain prices have a psychological impact. The retail prices are often expressed as odd prices : a little… …

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  • 198Derivative (examples) — Example 1Consider f ( x ) = 5:: f (x)=lim {h ightarrow 0} frac{f(x+h) f(x)}{h} = lim {h ightarrow 0} frac{f(x+h) 5}{h} = lim {h ightarrow 0} frac{(5 5)}{h} = lim {h ightarrow 0} frac{0}{h} = lim {h ightarrow 0} 0 = 0The derivative of a constant… …

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  • 199Set theory (music) — Example of Z relation on two pitch sets analyzable as or derivable from Z17 (Schuijer 2008, p.99), with intervals between pitch classes labeled for ease of comparison between the two sets and their common interval vector, 212320. Musical set… …

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  • 200Regular grid — Example of a Cartesian grid. Example of a regular grid …

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