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  • 141 General Councils —     General Councils     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► General Councils     This subject will be treated under the following heads:     ♦ Definition     ♦ Classification     ♦ Historical Sketch     ♦ The Pope and General Councils     ♦ Composition of …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 142 Christianity in the 14th century — Main article: Medieval history of Christianity See also: Christianity in the 13th century and Christianity in the 15th century Contents 1 Inquisition 2 Avignon Papacy 3 Western Schism …

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  • 143 EDUCATION, JEWISH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline. Bibliography at the end of a section is indicated by (†). in the biblical period the nature of the sources historical survey the patriarchal period and the settlement the kingdom the… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 144 Coin flipping — or coin tossing or heads or tails is the practice of throwing a coin in the air to choose between two alternatives, sometimes to resolve a dispute between two parties. It is a form of sortition which inherently has only two possible and equally… …

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  • 145 Liberalism — This article discusses the ideology of liberalism. Local differences in its meaning are listed in Liberalism worldwide. For other uses, see Liberal (disambiguation) …

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  • 146 liberalism — liberalist, n., adj. liberalistic, adj. /lib euhr euh liz euhm, lib reuh /, n. 1. the quality or state of being liberal, as in behavior or attitude. 2. a political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary… …

    Universalium

  • 147 political system — Introduction       the set of formal legal institutions that constitute a “government” or a “ state.” This is the definition adopted by many studies of the legal or constitutional arrangements of advanced political orders. More broadly defined,… …

    Universalium

  • 148 Western architecture — Introduction       history of Western architecture from prehistoric Mediterranean cultures to the present.       The history of Western architecture is marked by a series of new solutions to structural problems. During the period from the… …

    Universalium

  • 149 Diocese — • The territory or churches subject to the jurisdiction of a bishop Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Diocese     Diocese     † …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 150 Excommunication — • Exclusion from the communion, the principal and severest censure, is a medicinal, spiritual penalty that deprives the guilty Christian of all participation in the common blessings of ecclesiastical society Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight.… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 151 Dwight D. Eisenhower — Eisenhower redirects here. For other people with the surname, see Eisenhower (name). Dwight D. Eisenhower 34th President of the United States …

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  • 152 Marriage — For other uses, see Marriage (disambiguation). Married and Matrimony redirect here. For other uses, see Married (disambiguation) and Matrimony (disambiguation) …

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  • 153 Predestination (Calvinism) — The Calvinistic doctrine of predestination is a doctrine of Calvinism which deals with the question of the control God exercises over the world. In the words of the Westminster Confession of Faith, God freely and unchangeably ordained whatsoever… …

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  • 154 Diocletianic Persecution — The Christian Martyrs Last Prayer, by Jean Léon Gérôme (1883) The Diocletianic Persecution (or Great Persecution) was the last and most severe persecution of Christians in the Roman empire.[1] In 303, Emperor …

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  • 155 List of atheists (authors) — Authors * Douglas Adams (1952 ndash;2001): British radio and television writer and novelist, author of The Hitchhiker s Guide to the Galaxy . [ I am a radical Atheist... Adams in an interview by American Atheists… …

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  • 156 Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview        Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… …

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  • 157 RELIGIOUS LIFE AND COMMUNITIES — Jews UNDER OTTOMAN RULE The Jews of the pre Zionist old yishuv, both sephardim (from the Orient) and ashkenazim (of European origin), dedicated their lives to the fulfillment of religious precepts: the study of the torah and the meticulous… …

    Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 158 Peoples Temple — Not to be confused with Temple of the People or Peoples Church …

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  • 159 Chabad-Lubavitch related controversies — This article examines controversial issues involving the Chabad Lubavitch movement. For a more complete examination of Chabad, see the main article. Part of a series on Chabad …

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  • 160 Daniel François Malan — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Malan. Daniel François Malan Mandats …

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