disastrous

  • 141Columbus, Christopher — Italian Cristoforo Colombo Spanish Cristóbal Colón born between Aug. 26 and Oct. 31?, 1451, Genoa died May 20, 1506, Valladolid, Spain Genoese navigator and explorer whose transatlantic voyages opened the way for European exploration,… …

    Universalium

  • 142Crispi, Francesco — born Oct. 4, 1819, Ribera, Sicily died Aug. 12, 1901, Naples Italian politician. Exiled from Sicily for his revolutionary activities, he became an associate of Giuseppe Mazzini and encouraged Giuseppe de Garibaldi to conquer Sicily in 1860. He… …

    Universalium

  • 143Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount — known as Lord Nelson born Sept. 29, 1758, Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, Eng. died Oct. 21, 1805, at sea, off Cape Trafalgar, Spain British naval commander. He entered the navy in 1770 and served in the West Indies from 1777 to 1783. In 1793 he was… …

    Universalium

  • 144Southeast Asian arts — Literary, performing, and visual arts of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. The classical literatures of Southeast Asia can be divided into three major regions: the Sanskrit region of… …

    Universalium

  • 145Business and Industry Review — ▪ 1999 Introduction Overview        Annual Average Rates of Growth of Manufacturing Output, 1980 97, Table Pattern of Output, 1994 97, Table Index Numbers of Production, Employment, and Productivity in Manufacturing Industries, Table (For Annual… …

    Universalium

  • 146ancient Rome — ▪ ancient state, Europe, Africa, and Asia Introduction       the state centred on the city of Rome. This article discusses the period from the founding of the city and the regal period, which began in 753 BC, through the events leading to the… …

    Universalium

  • 147classical scholarship — Introduction       the study, in all its aspects, of ancient Greece (ancient Greek civilization) and Rome (ancient Rome). In continental Europe the field is known as “classical philology,” but the use, in some circles, of “philology” to denote… …

    Universalium

  • 148Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …

    Universalium

  • 149Latin America, history of — Introduction       history of the region from the pre Columbian period and including colonization by the Spanish and Portuguese beginning in the 15th century, the 19th century wars of independence, and developments to the end of World War II.… …

    Universalium

  • 150painting, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of Western painting from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the present.       Painting, the execution of forms and shapes on a surface by means of pigment (but see also drawing for discussion of depictions in …

    Universalium

  • 151France — • Geography, statistics, and history Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. France     France     † …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 152Germany — • History divided by time periods, beginning with before 1556 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Germany     Germany     † …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 153Persia — • The history, religion, and civilization of Persia are offshoots from those of Media. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Persia     Persia      …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 154Russia — • Geography and history Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Russia     Russia     † Catholic E …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 155Science and the Church — • Dicsusses the relationship between the two subjects Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Science and the Church     Science and the Church      …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 156Scotland — • The northern portion of the Island of Great Britain Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Scotland     Scotland     † …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 157Catholicity in Canada —     Catholicity in Canada     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Catholicity in Canada     The subject will be treated under three headings:     I. Period of French domination, from the discovery of Canada to the Treaty of Paris, in 1763;     II. Period… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 158History of the Jews —     History of the Jews     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► History of the Jews     (Yehúd m; Ioudaismos).     Of the two terms, Jews and Judaism, the former denotes usually the Israelites or descendants of Jacob (Israel) in contrast to Gentile races;… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 159The United States of America —     The United States of America     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The United States of America     BOUNDARIES AND AREA     On the east the boundary is formed by the St. Croix River and an arbitrary line to the St. John, and on the north by the… …

    Catholic encyclopedia

  • 160casualty — ca·su·al·ty / ka zhəl tē, ka zhə wəl / n pl ties 1: an unfortunate occurrence; esp: a serious and often disastrous accident conversion of property...arising from fire, storm, shipwreck, or other casualty Internal Revenue Code 2: something lost,… …

    Law dictionary