Likelihood

  • 141Estimation theory — is a branch of statistics and signal processing that deals with estimating the values of parameters based on measured/empirical data. The parameters describe an underlying physical setting in such a way that the value of the parameters affects… …

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  • 142Decoding methods — In communication theory and coding theory, decoding is the process of translating received messages into codewords of a given code. There has been many common methods of mapping messages to codewords. These are often used to recover messages sent …

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  • 143M-estimator — In statistics, M estimators are a broad class of statistics which are obtained as the solution to the problem of minimizing certain functions of the data. The process of obtaining an M estimator is called M estimation.Some authors define M… …

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  • 144Bayesian multivariate linear regression — Consider a collection of m linear regression problems for n observations, related through a set of common predictor variables {x {c}}, and a jointly normal errors {epsilon {c}} ::y {1} = eta {1} x {1} + epsilon {1},,:y {c} = eta {c} x {c} +… …

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  • 145evolution — evolutional, adj. evolutionally, adv. /ev euh looh sheuhn/ or, esp. Brit., /ee veuh /, n. 1. any process of formation or growth; development: the evolution of a language; the evolution of the airplane. 2. a product of such development; something… …

    Universalium

  • 146Sufficient statistic — In statistics, a sufficient statistic is a statistic which has the property of sufficiency with respect to a statistical model and its associated unknown parameter, meaning that no other statistic which can be calculated from the same sample… …

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  • 147Network Automation, Inc. v. Advanced Systems Concepts, Inc. — Network Automation, Inc. v. Advanced Systems Concepts, Inc. Court United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Full case name Network Automation, Inc. v. Advanced Systems Concepts, Inc …

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  • 148Linear regression — Example of simple linear regression, which has one independent variable In statistics, linear regression is an approach to modeling the relationship between a scalar variable y and one or more explanatory variables denoted X. The case of one… …

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  • 149Survival analysis — is a branch of statistics which deals with death in biological organisms and failure in mechanical systems. This topic is called reliability theory or reliability analysis in engineering, and duration analysis or duration modeling in economics or …

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  • 150Empirical Bayes method — In statistics, empirical Bayes methods are a class of methods which use empirical data to evaluate / approximate the conditional probability distributions that arise from Bayes theorem. These methods allow one to estimate quantities… …

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  • 151Wald test — The Wald test is a statistical test, typically used to test whether an effect exists or not. In other words, it tests whether an independent variable has a statistically significant relationship with a dependent variable. Suppose an economist,… …

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  • 152Method of moments (statistics) — See method of moments (probability theory) for an account of a technique for proving convergence in distribution. In statistics, the method of moments is a method of estimation of population parameters such as mean, variance, median, etc. (which… …

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  • 153Hierarchical Bayes model — The hierarchical Bayes method is one of the most important topics in modern Bayesian analysis. It is a powerful tool for expressing rich statistical models that more fully reflect a given problem than a simpler model could. Given data x,! and… …

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  • 154Concurrent use registration — A concurrent use registration, in United States trademark law, is a federal trademark registration of the same trademark to two or more unrelated parties, with each party having a registration limited to a distinct geographic area. Such a… …

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  • 155Decodierregel — Eine Decodierregel bezeichnet in der Informationstheorie und Codierungstheorie, genauer bei der Kanalcodierung, eine Vorschrift, welches gesendete Wort einem empfangenen Wort zugeordnet werden soll. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Beschreibung 2 Minimum… …

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  • 156LQ-Test — Der Likelihood Quotienten Test oder Likelihood Ratio Test ist ein statistischer Test, der zu den typischen Hypothesentests in parametrischen Modellen gehört. Viele klassische Tests wie der F Test für den Varianzenquotienten oder der Zwei… …

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  • 157LR-Test — Der Likelihood Quotienten Test oder Likelihood Ratio Test ist ein statistischer Test, der zu den typischen Hypothesentests in parametrischen Modellen gehört. Viele klassische Tests wie der F Test für den Varianzenquotienten oder der Zwei… …

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  • 158Linear discriminant analysis — Die Diskriminanzanalyse ist eine Methode der multivariaten Verfahren in der Statistik. Sie wurde von R. A. Fisher 1936 zum ersten Mal in The use of multiple measurements in taxonomic problems[1] beschrieben. Sie wird in der Statistik und im… …

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  • 159Pseudo-Bestimmtheitsmaß — Im Falle einer linearen Regression beschreibt das Bestimmtheitsmaß den erklärten Anteil der Variabilität (Varianz) einer abhängigen Variablen Y durch ein statistisches Modell. Bei einem nominalen oder ordinalen Skalenniveau von Y existiert jedoch …

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  • 160Rasch-Modell — Das Rasch Modell ist ein mathematisch psychologisches Modell der probabilistischen Testtheorie (oder Item Response Theorie), das vom dänischen Statistiker Georg Rasch entwickelt wurde. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Überblick 2 Wissenschaftlicher… …

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