Concavity

  • 21concavity — noun 1. a shape that curves or bends inward • Syn: ↑concave shape, ↑incurvation, ↑incurvature • Derivationally related forms: ↑incurvate (for: ↑incurvation), ↑concave …

    Useful english dictionary

  • 22concave, concavity —    To be concave is to have a surface or boundary that curves or bulges inward, as does the inner surface of a hemisphere. Concavity is the state of being concave. (A tip to assist in remembering: caves and cavities go in, while convexities go… …

    Glossary of Art Terms

  • 23Concavities — Concavity Con*cav i*ty, n.; pl. {Concavities}. [L. concavitas: cf. F. concavit[ e]. See {Concave}.] A concave surface, or the space bounded by it; the state of being concave. [1913 Webster] …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 24Bucket argument — Isaac Newton s rotating bucket argument (also known as Newton s bucket ) was designed to demonstrate that true rotational motion cannot be defined as the relative rotation of the body with respect to the immediately surrounding bodies. It is one… …

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  • 25Stationary point — Not to be confused with a fixed point where x = f(x). Stationary points (red pluses) and inflection points (green circles). The stationary points in this graph are all relative maxima or relative minima. In mathematics, particularly in calculus,… …

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  • 26Second derivative test — In calculus, a branch of mathematics, the second derivative test is a criterion often useful for determining whether a given stationary point of a function is a local maximum or a local minimum.The test states: If the function f is twice… …

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  • 27Curve orientation — In mathematics, a positively oriented curve is a planar simple closed curve (that is, a curve in the plane whose starting point is also the end point and which has no other self intersections) such that when traveling on it one always has the… …

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  • 28depression — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) I n. recession, slowdown. II Pressing downward Nouns 1. depression, lowering; dip (see concavity); abasement, debasement; reduction. 2. overthrow, overset, overturn; upset; prostration, subversion,… …

    English dictionary for students

  • 29Horse hoof — A horse hoof is a structure surrounding the distal phalanx of the 3rd digit (digit III of the basic pentadactyl limb of vertebrates, evolved into a single weight bearing digit in equids) of each of the four limbs of Equus species, which is… …

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  • 30hollow — A concavity or depression. Sebileau h. depression between the inferior aspect of the tongue and the sublingual glands. * * * hol·low häl (.)ō, ə( w) n a depressed part of a surface or a concavity …

    Medical dictionary

  • 31dent — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. indentation, depression, hollow, dimple. v. t. indent, buckle, mar. See concavity. II (Roget s IV) n. Syn. indentation, depression, impression, dimple, dint, nick, notch, dip, cavity, hollow, dimple,… …

    English dictionary for students

  • 32hollow — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. concavity, depression, dent, cavity, hole; valley, gully, basin; channel, groove, furrow. adj. thin, unresonant; sepulchral, deep, empty, void, unfilled, vacant; unsound, weak, uncertain,… …

    English dictionary for students

  • 33Camber — Cam ber, n. [Of. cambre bent, curved; akin to F. cambrer to vault, to bend, fr. L. camerare to arch over, fr. camera vault, arch. See {Chamber}, and cf. {Camerate}.] 1. (Shipbuilding) An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she has a… …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 34Camber arch — Camber Cam ber, n. [Of. cambre bent, curved; akin to F. cambrer to vault, to bend, fr. L. camerare to arch over, fr. camera vault, arch. See {Chamber}, and cf. {Camerate}.] 1. (Shipbuilding) An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 35Camber beam — Camber Cam ber, n. [Of. cambre bent, curved; akin to F. cambrer to vault, to bend, fr. L. camerare to arch over, fr. camera vault, arch. See {Chamber}, and cf. {Camerate}.] 1. (Shipbuilding) An upward convexity of a deck or other surface; as, she …

    The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • 36Xylem — Multiple cross sections of a flowering plant stem showing primary and secondary xylem and phloem[1] Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants. (Phloem is the other). The word xylem is derived from the Classical Greek… …

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  • 37Risk aversion — is a concept in psychology, economics, and finance, based on the behavior of humans (especially consumers and investors) while exposed to uncertainty. Risk aversion is the reluctance of a person to accept a bargain with an uncertain payoff rather …

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  • 38Prospect theory — is a theory that describes decisions between alternatives that involve risk, i.e. alternatives with uncertain outcomes, where the probabilities are known. The model is descriptive: it tries to model real life choices, rather than optimal… …

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  • 39Scapula — Infobox Bone Name = Scapula Latin = GraySubject = 50 GrayPage = 202 Caption = Caption2 = Posterior view of the thorax and shoulder girdle. (Scapula visible at either side.) Articulations = MeshName = Scapula MeshNumber = A02.835.232.087.783… …

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  • 40Concave function — In mathematics, a concave function is the negative of a convex function. A concave function is also synonymously called concave downwards, concave down, convex upwards, convex cap or upper convex. Contents 1 Definition 2 Properties 3 Examples …

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