Categorical

  • 141Jurisprudence — For the jurisprudence of courts, see Case law. Philosophers of law ask what is law? and what should it be? Jurisprudence is the theory and philosophy of law. Scholars of jurisprudence, or legal theorists (including legal philosophers and social… …

    Wikipedia

  • 142Mental disorder — Classification and external resources Eight women representing prominent mental diagnoses in the 19th century. (Armand Gautier) ICD 10 F …

    Wikipedia

  • 143Universal property — In various branches of mathematics, certain constructions are frequently defined or characterised by an abstract property which requires the existence of a unique morphism under certain conditions. These properties are called universal properties …

    Wikipedia

  • 144Monomorphism — This page is about the mathematical term. For other uses, see Monomorphic (disambiguation) or Polymorphism (disambiguation). In the context of abstract algebra or universal algebra, a monomorphism is an injective homomorphism. A monomorphism from …

    Wikipedia

  • 145Kernel (category theory) — In category theory and its applications to other branches of mathematics, kernels are a generalization of the kernels of group homomorphisms and the kernels of module homomorphisms and certain other kernels from algebra. Intuitively, the kernel… …

    Wikipedia

  • 146Sampling (statistics) — Sampling is that part of statistical practice concerned with the selection of individual observations intended to yield some knowledge about a population of concern, especially for the purposes of statistical inference. Each observation measures… …

    Wikipedia

  • 147Deontological ethics — Deontic redirects here. For the linguistic term, see Linguistic modality. Deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek deon, obligation, duty ; and logia) is an approach to ethics that judges the morality of an action based on the action s… …

    Wikipedia

  • 148Control chart — One of the Seven Basic Tools of Quality First described by Walter A. Shewhart …

    Wikipedia

  • 149Pushout (category theory) — In category theory, a branch of mathematics, a pushout (also called a fibered coproduct or fibered sum or cocartesian square or amalgamed sum) is the colimit of a diagram consisting of two morphisms f : Z → X and g : Z → Y with a common …

    Wikipedia

  • 150Critique of Practical Reason —   Cover of 1898 English edition of the Critique of Practical Reason …

    Wikipedia

  • 151Schizotypy — is a psychological concept which describes a continuum of personality characteristics and experiences related to psychosis and in particular, schizophrenia.This is in contrast to a categorical view of psychosis, where psychosis is considered to… …

    Wikipedia

  • 152Order-embedding — In mathematical order theory, an order embedding is a special kind of monotone function, which provides a way to include one partially ordered set into another. Like Galois connections, order embeddings constitute a notion which is strictly… …

    Wikipedia

  • 153Qiyas — In Sunni Islamic jurisprudence,the qiyas (Arabic قياس) is the process of analogical reasoning in which the teachings of the Quran are compared and contrasted with those of the Hadith, ie. in order to make an analogy with a known injunction (nass) …

    Wikipedia

  • 154Default logic — is a non monotonic logic proposed by Raymond Reiter to formalize reasoning with default assumptions. Default logic can express facts like “by default, something is true”; by contrast, standard logic can only express that something is true or that …

    Wikipedia

  • 155Intersectionality — is a theory which seeks to examine the ways in which various socially and culturally constructed categories interact on multiple levels to manifest themselves as inequality in society. Intersectionality holds that the classical models of… …

    Wikipedia

  • 156Obversion — In traditional logic, obversion is a type of immediate inference in which from a given proposition another proposition is inferred whose subject is the same as the original subject, whose predicate is the contradictory of the original predicate,… …

    Wikipedia

  • 157Cochran-Armitage test for trend — The Cochran Armitage test for trend[1][2], named for William Cochran and Peter Armitage, is used in categorical data analysis when the aim is to assess for the presence of an association between a variable with two categories and a variable with… …

    Wikipedia

  • 158Administration of federal assistance in the United States — In the United States of America, Federal assistance, also known as federal aid, federal benefits, or federal funds, is defined as any federal program, project, service, and activity provided by the U.S. federal government that directly assists or …

    Wikipedia

  • 159Dirichlet process — In probability theory, a Dirichlet process is a stochastic process that can be thought of as a probability distribution whose domain is itself a random distribution. That is, given a Dirichlet process , where H (the base distribution) is an… …

    Wikipedia

  • 160Ronald Brown (mathematician) — Ronald Brown, MA, D.Phil Oxon, FIMA, Emeritus Professor (born January 4, 1935) is an English mathematician. He is best known for his many, substantial contributions to Higher Dimensional Algebra and non Abelian Algebraic Topology, involving… …

    Wikipedia