Categorical

  • 121Topos — For topoi in literary theory, see Literary topos. For topoi in rhetorical invention, see Inventio. In mathematics, a topos (plural topoi or toposes ) is a type of category that behaves like the category of sheaves of sets on a topological space.… …

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  • 122National Environmental Policy Act — For other uses of NEPA , see NEPA (disambiguation). National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 Full title National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 Acronym NEPA Enacted by the 91st United States Congress …

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  • 123Dirichlet distribution — Several images of the probability density of the Dirichlet distribution when K=3 for various parameter vectors α. Clockwise from top left: α=(6, 2, 2), (3, 7, 5), (6, 2, 6), (2, 3, 4). In probability and… …

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  • 124Contraposition (traditional logic) — In traditional logic, contraposition is a form of immediate inference in which from a given proposition another is inferred having for its subject the contradictory of the original predicate, and in some cases involving a change of quality… …

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  • 125Linear discriminant analysis — (LDA) and the related Fisher s linear discriminant are methods used in statistics, pattern recognition and machine learning to find a linear combination of features which characterize or separate two or more classes of objects or events. The… …

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  • 126List of mathematics articles (C) — NOTOC C C closed subgroup C minimal theory C normal subgroup C number C semiring C space C symmetry C* algebra C0 semigroup CA group Cabal (set theory) Cabibbo Kobayashi Maskawa matrix Cabinet projection Cable knot Cabri Geometry Cabtaxi number… …

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  • 127Logic in Islamic philosophy — Logic (Arabic: Mantiq ) played an important role in early Islamic philosophy. Islamic law placed importance on formulating standards of argument, which gave rise to a novel approach to logic in Kalam, as seen in the method of qiyas . This… …

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  • 128Schopenhauer's criticism of the Kantian philosophy — Schopenhauer appended a criticism to the first volume of his The World as Will and Representation . He wanted to show Kant s errors so that Kant s merits would be appreciated and his achievements furthered. Kant s merits According to Schopenhauer …

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  • 129Distribution of terms — A categorical term is said to be distributed if all members of that category are included. In a statement such as all A are either B or C , the categorical term, A, is distributed, because all members of set A are included. The categorical terms …

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  • 130ethics — /eth iks/, n.pl. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a system of moral principles: the ethics of a culture. 2. the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group, culture, etc.: medical ethics;… …

    Universalium

  • 131Pearson's chi-squared test — (χ2) is the best known of several chi squared tests – statistical procedures whose results are evaluated by reference to the chi squared distribution. Its properties were first investigated by Karl Pearson in 1900.[1] In contexts where it is… …

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  • 132Federal grants in the United States — In the United States, federal grants are economic aid issued by the United States government out of the general federal revenue. A federal grant is an award of financial assistance from a federal agency to a recipient to carry out a public… …

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  • 133Department of Justice v. Landano — Supreme Court of the United States Argued February 24, 1993 Decided …

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  • 134disposition — A thing has a disposition to become F in a situation G if it is such that were G to come about, it would become F. Dispositions, potentials, or powers are thus certified by the outcomes that would arise in specified circumstances. Dispositional… …

    Philosophy dictionary

  • 135Boethius: from antiquity to the Middle Ages — John Marenbon Boethius is a difficult figure to place in the history of philosophy. Considered just in himself, he clearly belongs to the world of late antiquity. Born in 480, at a time when Italy was ruled by the Ostrogoths under their king,… …

    History of philosophy

  • 136Hegel’s logic and philosophy of mind — Willem deVries LOGIC AND MIND IN HEGEL’S PHILOSOPHY Hegel is above all a systematic philosopher. Awe inspiring in its scope, his philosophy left no subject untouched. Logic provides the central, unifying framework as well as the general… …

    History of philosophy

  • 137explicit — explicit, express, specific, definite, categorical are comparable when applied to statements, utterances, and language and when meaning perfectly clear in significance or reference. Something is explicit which is stated so plainly and distinctly… …

    New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • 138categoric — adjective 1. relating to or included in a category or categories • Syn: ↑categorical • Pertains to noun: ↑category, ↑category (for: ↑categorical) • Derivationally related forms: ↑ …

    Useful english dictionary

  • 139Direct product — In mathematics, one can often define a direct product of objects already known, giving a new one. This is generally the Cartesian product of the underlying sets, together with a suitably defined structure on the product set. More abstractly, one… …

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  • 140Falsifiability — Are all swans white? Falsifiability or refutability of an assertion, hypothesis or theory is the logical possibility that it can be contradicted by an observation or the outcome of a physical experiment. That something is falsifiable does not… …

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