Digital One


Digital One


Digital One Network
Licensed area Great Britain
Frequency 11D (222.064 MHz) England and Wales
12A (223.936 MHz) Scotland
Air date 15 November 1999
Owner Arqiva
Website http://www.digitalone.co.uk

Digital One is a national commercial digital radio multiplex in the United Kingdom, owned by Arqiva. As of March 2010, the multiplex covers more than 90% of the population[1] from a total of 137 transmitters.[2] A lack of available frequencies means there is no coverage in Northern Ireland; this is due to the nearby VHF analogue TV signals used in the Republic of Ireland (however these signals are due to be phased out, possibly when the digital switchover of television happens in 2012).

Contents

Stations carried

Service Service ID Bit rate Audio channels Description DAB launch date Analogue availability
Absolute Radio C1C0 112 kbit/s Joint stereo Adult contemporary music, carries London output during programme splits, but with national news and advertising 15 November 1999 1215 kHz
105.8 MHz (London)
Absolute Radio 80s C4C1 112 kbit/s Joint stereo Adult contemporary music 14 May 2010
Absolute Radio 90s C4C0 64 kbit/s Mono LSF Britpop, Indie, and Rock from the 1990s, shared space with Absolute Radio Extra 25 August 2010
Absolute Radio Extra C0C1 64-112 kbit/s Mono Part time live Football and concerts, live sport also broadcast nationally on 1215 kHz, shared space with Absolute Radio 90s 16 July 2010
Amazing Radio C7C0 64 kbit/s Mono LSF New indie, urban, jazz and pop music, initially broadcasting at 128 kbit/s Stereo, the bit rate was reduced to 64 kbit/s Mono upon the launch of Absolute 80s 1 June 2009[3]
BFBS Radio C3C0 80 kbit/s Mono Contemporary music, broadcast a three month trial service which ended on 31 March 2008, test transmissions began on 17 April 2009 and the station launched as a full-time service at 07:00 on 20 April 2009 20 April 2009
Classic FM C2A1 160 kbit/s Joint stereo Classical music 15 November 1999 99.9–101.9 MHz
Jazz FM C0C2 80 kbit/s Mono Jazz music, initial test transmissions labelled as "Karma" 21 March 2011[4]
Planet Rock C2C0 112 kbit/s Joint stereo Rock music, privately owned semi-automated radio station[5] 15 November 1999
Premier Christian Radio C7C1 64 kbit/s Mono LSF Christian music, was able to launch after a fundraising effort from listeners to meet the £650,000 annual cost to broadcast on Digital One on 21 September 2009.[6] 21 September 2009
Smooth Radio C6C0 80 kbit/s Mono LSF Easy Listening, replaced regional broadcasts from regional digital multiplexes; the original regional stations are still available on the channel list however, which is most of the time just a simulcast of Smooth Radio UK 5 August 2010 97.5, 100.4, 101.4, 102.2, 105.2, 105.7, 106.6 MHz
Smooth Radio Christmas C3C4 80 kbit/s Mono LSF Christmas music, temporary station until 27 December 2011[7] 1 November 2011
Talksport C0C0 64 kbit/s Mono LSF Sport and talk 15 November 1999 1089, 1053 kHz
UCB UK C4CA 64kbit/s Mono LSF Christian music 1 December 2009[8][9]
MILE(UK) ITIS E1C000BA 16 kbit/s Data Hidden service
Traffic Master E1C000B8 8 kbit/s Data Hidden service
What's On E1C000B1 8 kbit/s Data Hidden service

History

On 24 March 1998, the Radio Authority advertised for the first national ensemble to be broadcast on DAB. The three national commercial services on FM and mediumwave had to be included as part of the ensemble, Classic FM, talkSPORT and Virgin Radio.[10] The licence was awarded to the sole applicant, GWR Group and NTL Broadcast to form Digital One.[11] The original licence application included the following stations:[12]

Digital One Ltd (original application)
Classic FM Classical music GWR (now part of Global Radio)
Classic Gold Rock Rock music NTL
Club dance Dance music TBA
Plays, books and music Comedy, drama and serials TBA
Rolling news service Rolling news ITN
Soft AC Female contemporary music TBA
Sports channel Live sports and comment Talk Radio UK
Talk Radio (now talkSPORT) Talk radio Talk Radio UK (now owned by UTV Radio)
Teen and chart hits Pop and dance music GWR
Virgin Radio (now Absolute Radio) Complementary rock music SMG plc

Digital One was due to launch on 1 October 1999,[13] but this was postponed until 15 November 1999.[14]

The "Classic Gold Rock" service eventually went on air as Planet Rock, which remains on air and is now the longest-established digital-only service on the platform. The "plays, books and music" service went on air as Oneword. The "Teen & Chart Hits" service became Core, and the "Soft AC" service - which was ultimately provided by the then Capital Radio Group (now part of Global Radio) was launched as Capital Life. The "Sports Channel" proposal was dropped as a separate entity and instead combined with Talk Radio in 2000 to form the current talkSPORT as broadcast on MW and digital. ITN's rolling news service ultimately went on air as part of the multiplex, later joined by a business news service provided by Bloomberg. "Club Dance", however, never made it to air. The space released by the absence of the Club Dance and Sports Channel services from the eventual lineup was used to allow the Oneword service to end at midnight rather than the proposed 7pm, and also freed up a slot for a melodic easy listening music service aimed at an older audience, the Saga-operated PrimeTime Radio.

After the closure of PrimeTime Radio in 2006, the original licence was amended to allow the launch of a new classic and contemporary jazz service, theJazz which was launched on 25 December 2006, before the 31 December 2006 deadline set in the licence amendment.[15]

On 11 February 2008 GCap announced that it was selling its interest in Digital One to Arqiva and that "non-core" DAB stations Planet Rock and theJazz would be closing by the end of March 2008. Planet Rock however, has been saved whilst theJazz ceased broadcasting at midnight, on 30 April 2008.

In April 2009, Global Radio, which had acquired GCap Media - part owner of Digital One, sold its 63% stake in the ensemble to Arqiva, making them the sole owner and operator of the ensemble.[16]

Former Services

Services previously carried on the multiplex include:

  • NME Radio (ceased on 12 July 2010[17])
  • Panjab Radio (temporary service, ceased on 31 May 2010)
  • Fun Kids (temporary service, ceased on 3 October 2009)
  • Birdsong (ceased on 1 June 2009, replaced by Amazing Radio)
  • theJazz (ceased on 31 March 2008)
  • Capital Life (ceased on 31 March 2008) [18]
  • Core (ceased on 11 January 2008,[18] immediately replaced by BFBS Radio)
  • Oneword (ceased on 11 January 2008[19] because of financial problems, replaced by Birdsong - see the section below)
  • Primetime (ceased on 24 May 2006, replaced by theJazz on 25 December 2006)
  • D1 Temp (ceased on 9 June 2005 - see the section below)
  • Bloomberg (ceased on 6 December 2003, replaced by D1 Temp)
  • ITN (ceased on 1 July 2003)

In addition to the audio services listed above a number of data services, short lived temporary audio services, and mobile video channels have been broadcast on this multiplex.

Birdsong

Birdsong was a transmission consisted of a continuously looping recording of bird song. When financial news station Bloomberg, and rolling news station ITN News Radio ceased to broadcast within several months of one another in 2003, replacement audio services were never found due to a commitment in Digital One's broadcasting licence to provide a news station. This resulted in a station playing a 36-minute, 56-second loop of birdsong and ambient sounds, entitled D1 Temp which broadcast until June 2005.

When the magazine-format digital radio station Oneword ceased in January 2008, the birdsong audio once again returned to the multiplex on the Oneword channel and the service name of the DAB channel changed to "Birdsong", until Amazing Radio launched on 1 June 2009.[3]

References

  1. ^ "Coverage - Future transmitters". ukdigitalradio.com. Digital One. http://www.ukdigitalradio.com/coverage/futuretransmitters/. Retrieved 13 March 2010. "Although already covering more than 90% of the population..." 
  2. ^ "Coverage - Current transmitters". ukdigitalradio.com. Digital One. http://www.ukdigitalradio.com/coverage/currenttransmitters/. Retrieved 13 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Amazing - a new DAB station". Radio Today. 1 June 2009. http://radiotoday.co.uk/news.php?extend.4790.5. Retrieved 1 June 2009. 
  4. ^ "Jazz FM goes national on DAB". Radio Today. 2011-03-21. http://radiotoday.co.uk/news.php?extend.6839.5. Retrieved 2011-03-21. 
  5. ^ Strategy Presentation, GCap Media plc, 11 February 2008. Retrieved on 11 February 2008.
  6. ^ Plunkett, John (19 August 2009). "Premier Christian Radio set for national digital launch". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/aug/19/premier-christian-radio-national-dab. Retrieved 19 August 2009. 
  7. ^ http://www.smoothradio.co.uk/about/smooth-radio-christmas/smooth-radio-christmas-whats-it-all-about-/a9c94
  8. ^ "UCB goes national on DAB digital radio". United Christian Broadcasters. http://www.ucb.co.uk/pressreleaseDAB.pdf. 
  9. ^ "Two new tenants for Digital One". Radio Today. 1 November 2009. http://radiotoday.co.uk/news.php?extend.5326. Retrieved 1 November 2009. 
  10. ^ "RADIO AUTHORITY ANNOUNCES ADVERTISEMENT DATE FOR NATIONAL COMMERCIAL MULTIPLEX". Ofcom. Radio Authority. 5 March 1998. http://www.ofcom.org.uk/static/archive/rau/newsroom/news-release/98/pr17.htm. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  11. ^ "APPENDIX 3.6 - Digital audio broadcasting" (pdf). Competition Commission. http://www.competition-commission.org.uk/rep_pub/reports/2003/fulltext/479a3.6.pdf. Retrieved 17 April 2007. 
  12. ^ "RADIO AUTHORITY RECEIVES ONE APPLICATION FOR FIRST AND ONLY NATIONAL COMMERCIAL DIGITAL MULTIPLEX LICENCE". Ofcom. Radio Authority. http://www.ofcom.org.uk/static/archive/rau/newsroom/news-release/98/pr56.htm. Retrieved 12 May 2007. 
  13. ^ "DIGITAL ONE IS Awarded 12 YEAR DIGITAL LICENCE". PR Newswire. http://www.prnewswire.co.uk/cgi/news/release?id=22452. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  14. ^ Pearse, Justin (20 October 1999). "Motor Show: Digital One unveils launch line-up". ZDNet UK. http://news.zdnet.co.uk/hardware/0,1000000091,2074519,00.htm. Retrieved 8 November 2009. 
  15. ^ "ANNEX - PART I - Conditions relating to simulcast services and digital sound programme services" (docx). Ofcom. Archived from the original on 15 June 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070615192613/http://www.ofcom.org.uk/static/radiolicensing/digital/formats/DN001.doc. Retrieved 12 May 2007. 
  16. ^ Plunkett, John (7 April 2009). "Global Radio sells Digital One to Arqiva". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/apr/07/global-radio-digital-one-arqiva. Retrieved 2 May 2009. 
  17. ^ ukdigitalradio: News - NME Radio Stops Broadcasting on DAB Digital Radio
  18. ^ a b West, Dave (11 January 2008). "GCap closing two digital radio stations". Digital Spy. http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/radio/a84304/gcap-closing-two-digital-radio-stations.html. Retrieved 11 February 2008. 
  19. ^ Welsh, James (10 January 2008). "Oneword Radio to shut down". Digital Spy. http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/broadcasting/a84222/oneword-radio-to-shut-down.html. Retrieved 11 February 2008. ).



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