Jean Nicot


Jean Nicot

Jean Nicot (1530 - May 4 1600) was a French diplomat and scholar.

Born in Nîmes, in the south of France, he was French ambassador in Lisbon, Portugal from 1559 to 1561.

Jean Nicot was 29 years old in 1559 when he was sent from France to Portugal to negotiate the marriage of six-year-old Princess Marguerite de Valois to five-year-old King Sebastian of Portugal.

When Nicot returned, he brought tobacco plants. He introduced snuff to the French court. The queen mother, Catherine de' Medici, became an instant tobacco convert. The plant was also an instant success with the Father Superior of Malta, who shared tobacco with all of his monks. More and more of the fashionable people of Paris began to use the plant, making Nicot a celebrity.

At first, the plant was called Nicotina. But nicotine later came to refer only to the active ingredient of the plant.

The tobacco plant, "Nicotiana", also a flowering garden plant, is named after him, as is nicotine. Nicot described its medicinal properties (1559) and sent it as a medicine to the French court. [http://www.tc.columbia.edu/centers/cifas/drugsandsociety/background/chronologydruguse.html Heading: 1550-1575 Tobacco, Europe.]

Jean Nicot also compiled one of the first French dictionaries "Thresor de la langue françoyse tant ancienne que moderne" (published in 1606).

cientific publications

Linnaeus named the genus NicotoniaVerify source|date=November 2007, which contains twoVerify source|date=November 2007 species of tobacco, after Jean Nicot. When organic chemists isolated the active ingredientsVerify source|date=November 2007 from mind altering herbs, they used the sufix -"ine" to indicate their organic nature. The chemist who isolated nicotine, the active ingredient in tobacco, named it after Jean NicotVerify source|date=November 2007.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wulfric/nicot/ Website dedicated to Nicot's "Thresor"] (in French)
* [http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/efts/ARTFL/projects/dicos/TLF-NICOT/ -Search the "Thresor" online]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jean Nicot — Jean Nicot, sieur de Villemain (* 1530 in Nîmes; † Mai 1604 in Paris)[1] war ein französischer Diplomat und Gesandter am portugiesischen Hof und hat durch die Einführung von Tabak als Heilpflanze in Frankreich sowie als Urvater der französischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • NICOT (J.) — NICOT JEAN, seigneur de Villemain (1530 env. 1604) Ambassadeur à Lisbonne de 1559 à 1561, Jean Nicot (qui passe dans l’histoire pour avoir introduit le tabac en France) y apparaît comme un excellent observateur et ses lettres demeurent une source …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nicot — is a French surname and may refer to: Jean Nicot (1530 1600), French diplomat and scholar Jean Louis Nicot (1911 2004), commander of the French Air transport fleet during the First Indochina War This page or section lists people with the surname… …   Wikipedia

  • Nicot — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Jean Nicot (1530–1604), französischer Diplomat und Lexikograph, führte Tabak als Heilpflanze ein Louis Henri Nicot (1878–1944), französischer Bildhauer Rainer Nicot (* 1954), deutscher Fußballspieler Siehe …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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