Avezzano


Avezzano

Infobox CityIT
official_name = Comune di Avezzano
img_coa = Avezzano-Stemma2.png img_coa_small =


image_caption =
region = RegioneIT|sigla=ABR
province = ProvinciaIT (short form)|sigla=AQ (AQ)
mayor =
mayor_party =
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 695
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 104.05
population_footnotes =
population_as_of = 2007
population_total = 40651
pop_density_footnotes =
population_density_km2 = 390,68
coordinates = coord|42|2|28|N|13|26|23|E|region:IT_type:city(40651)
gentilic = Avezzanesi
telephone = 0863
postalcode = 67051
frazioni = frazioni: Antrosano, Castelnuovo, Cese, Paterno, San Pelino; borgate: Caruscino, Incile, Via Nuova [cite web|url=http://www.comuni-italiani.it/066/006/|title=Comune di Avezzano (AQ)|publisher=Prometheo Srl|accessdate=2008-02-16]
saint = Madonna of Pietraquaria
day = 27 April
mapx = #expr:42 + 2 / 60.0
mapy = #expr:13 + 26 / 60.0
locator_position =
native_name = Avezzano
name = Avezzano
website = http://www.comune.avezzano.aq.it/

Avezzano is a town and "comune" in the Abruzzo region, province of L'Aquila. It is the main commercial, industrial and agricultural centre of the Marsica area, with high-tech industries such as a large Micron Technology semi-conductor plant, and a Telespazio satellite groundstation.

History

There are two common etymologies for the name of the town: from "Ave Jane", an invocation to the Roman God Janus and from "Ad Vetianum" which means a "to the Vetia family", domiciled in the nearby town of Alba Fucens. The first settlements in this area began with the construction works for the lake's drainage ordered by Emperor Claudius in the first century CE. In the 15th century Avezzano was under Gentile Virgilio Orsini, who built the castle in 1490.

Avezzano once lay on the shores of the largest lake in central Italy, Lake Fucino, drained in the late 19th century; after the draining of the Lake, thanks to the wide fields now available for cultivation the area underwent a terrific growth, but was completely destroyed by the possibly worst recorded earthquake in the history of Italy, on the early morning of January 13, 1915: only Casa dei Palazzi and a wing of Castle Orsini were spared. More than 12,000 people died.

The town was then completely rebuilt along straight, parallel streets, with wide green areas and fine villas in the "Liberty" style.

Frazioni

There are 1800 "Sampelinesi" in San Pelino. The village takes its name from Vescovo Pelino after his election in Rome.Fact|date=March 2008

Main sights

*Orsini Castle

Notes and references



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