- Robert Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford
The elder son of the 28th Earl of Crawford and 11th Earl of Balcarres, he succeeded to the titles in 1975. He is Premier Earl of Scotland and the hereditary Clan Chief of
He was educated at
Eton Collegeand at Trinity College, Cambridge. He served with the Grenadier Guardsfrom 1945 to 1949, including in the Middle East. He was honorary attachéat the British Embassy in Paris, later joining the Conservative Research Departmentwhere he served as secretary to several Conservative parliamentary committees.
Lord Balniel was Conservative
Member of Parliamentfor Hertford from 1955 to 1974, and for Welwyn and Hatfield from February to September 1974. He was Parliamentary Private Secretaryto the Financial Secretary to the Treasuryfrom 1955 to 1957, and to the Minister of Housing and Local Government from 1957 to 1960. He was opposition front-bench spokesman on health and social security from 1967 to 1970. In the Heath government, he served as Minister of Statefor Defence from 1970 to 1972 and for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs from 1972 to 1974.
In the October 1974 general election, Lord Balniel lost his seat to Labour's
Helene Hayman. On 24 January 1975he was created a life peeras Baron Balniel, of Pitcorthie in the County of Fife, and so entered the House of Lords. He inherited the earldoms from his father on 13 December 1975. Following the House of Lords Act 1999, which expelled most hereditary peersfrom the upper house, the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres has been able to continue sitting in the House of Lords by virtue of his life peerage.
He was appointed First
Crown EstateCommissioner from 1980 to 1985, and served as Chairman of the National Association for Mental health from 1963 to 1970, of the Historic Buildings Council for Scotlandfrom 1976 to 1983, of the Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotlandfrom 1985 to 1995, and of the National Library of Scotlandfrom 1990 until 2000.
He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1972 and a Knight of the Thistle in 1996. He was Lord Chamberlain to HM Queen Elizabeth the
Queen Motherfrom 1992 until 2002. He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order( GCVO) in the special honours list published after the Queen Mother's death.
Lord Crawford has also held a number of business appointments, including as a Director of the
National Westminster Bankfrom 1975 to 1988.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
*Master of Lindsay (1927–1940)
*Lord Balniel (1940–1972)
*The Rt Hon Lord Balniel (1972–1975)
*The Rt Hon The Lord Balniel, PC (January 1975 – December 1975)
*The Rt Hon The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, PC (1975–1996)
*The Rt Hon The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, KT, PC (1996–2002)
*The Rt Hon The Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, KT, GCVO, PC (2002– )
Clan Lindsay(1975– )
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