- Swiss Brazilian
infobox ethnic group
group = flagicon|Switzerland Swiss Brazilian flagicon|Brazil
Swiss immigrants in Brazil
poptime = ?
Brazil:Mainly Southeastern Brazil
langs = Portuguese, German, French, Italian
Christianity(mostly Protestantismand Roman Catholic)
related = Other
White Brazilian(especially German Brazilians, Austrian Brazilians, French Brazilians and Italian Brazilians), Swiss people
1818, King John VI of Portugal, then resident in Rio de Janeiro, authorized the entry into Brazil of Swiss immigrants from the state (canton) of Fribourg ( Switzerland). The parish was given the name of "São João Batista de Nova Friburgo" (Saint John the Baptist of New Fribourg) and was founded in 1820.
The history of Swiss immigration to Brazil began with the foundation of the colony of
Nova Friburgo[ [http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-59702003000100006 História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos - From Nova Friburgo to Fribourg in writing: Swiss colonization seen by the immigrants ] ] in 1819. Nova Friburgo was the first colonial company contracted by the Portuguese government. The immigrantcolonists wrote letters for publication in Swiss newspapers of the period, and these documents reveal the migrants' perceptions, information and expectations.
In July 4, 1819 depart from Estavayer-le-Lac, Lake Neuchatel, 1088 Swiss, included 830 of the Canton of Fribourg, presents Jean-Claude Marchon, his wife Marie Prostasie Chavannaz Marchon, his brother Antoine Marchon and fiancee Marieanne Elizabeth Clerc, to Basle, the meeting point of the Swiss Transmigration for Brasil. And then 2006 Swiss, by the Rhein River, go to
Hollandand after a lot of peripetia they depart from St. Gravendeel, near Dordrecht, in the Daphne, for the crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, in September 11. was in November 4, spenting 55 days, a very good time for the epoch. And, finally, they arrive in Morro-Quiemado (Burnt Mount) in November 15, 1819 – about 12000 kilometers in 105 days, approximately 114 kilometers a day.
In Morro-Queimado, in the forested
mountains, about 140 kilometers from Rio, now three big farms, acquired by the King João VI, of Brazil, Portugaland Algarves, for the stablishment of the Swiss Transmigration and the Foundation of a new city – Nova Friburgo (New Fribourg). And the Marchons became the Founders of Nova Friburgoand Marie Prostasie - the first Marchon to die in the New World, dies of complications post-partum the day following the birth of the first woman Marchon in Brasil, in September, 4, 1821, Marie Rosaline Marchon. About 20 years after, Marie Rosalyne married with Swiss Henri Monnerat, son of Swiss immigrants François Xavier Monnerat and Elizabeth Köhler Monnerat and leaves a prolific and important descent.
Notable Swiss Brazilians
Jorge Paulo Lemann
José Carlos Bauer
Immigration to Brazil
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