Lesche


Lesche

Lesche (Gr. polytonic|λέσχη) is an Ionic Greek word, signify­ing "council" or "conversation", and a "place for council or conversation".Citation
last = Smith
first = Philip
author-link =
contribution = Lesche
editor-last = Smith
editor-first = William
title = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
volume = 1
pages = 681
publisher = Little, Brown and Company
place = Boston
year = 1870
contribution-url = http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-dgra/0688.html
] There is frequent mention of places of public resort, in the Greek cities, by the name of "leschai" (polytonic|λέσχαι, the Greek plural of "lesche"), some set apart for the purpose, and others so called because they were so used by loungers; to the latter class belong the agora and its porticoes, the gymnasia, and the shops of various tradesmen, especially those of the smiths, which were frequented in winter on account of their warmth, and in which, for the same reason, the poor sought shelter for the night. [Homer, "Odyssey" xviii. 329] [Hesiod, "Op." 491, 499] In these pas­sages, however, in which are the earliest examples of the use of the word, it seems to refer to places distinct from the smiths' workshops, though re­sorted to in the same manner; and we may gather from the grammarians, that there were in the Greek cities numerous small buildings or porticoes, furnished with seats, and exposed to the sun, to which the idle resorted to enjoy conversation, and the poor to obtain warmth and shelter, and which were called "leschai": at Athens alone there were 360 such. [Eustathius of Thessalonica, "on Homer l.c."] [Eutychius Proclus, "on Hesiod l.c."] [Hesychius, "Etym. Mag., s.v."] The Suda, referring to a pas­sage in Hesiod, explains "lesche" (polytonic|λέσχη) by means of the word "kaminos" (polytonic|κάμινος, "oven" or "furnace"). [cite book | last = Liddell | first = Henry | authorlink = Henry Liddell | coauthors = Robert Scott | title = A Greek-English Lexicon | publisher = Oxford University Press | date = 1996 | location = Oxford | pages = 872 | url = | doi = | id = | isbn = 0-19-864226-1]

By Aeschylus [Aeschylus, "The Eumenides" 366] and Sophocles [Sophocles, "Antigone" 160] the word is used for a solemn council; but elsewhere the same writers, as well as Herodotus, employ it to signify common conversation.

In the Dorians states the word retained the meaning of a place of meeting for deliberation and intercourse, a council-chamber or club-room. At Sparta every phyle had its "lesche", in which and in the gymnasium the elders passed the greater part of the day in serious and sportive conversa­tion, and in which the new-born children were presented for the decision of the elders as to whether they should be brought up or destroyed. [Plutarch, "Lyc."16, 25] [Müller, "Dor." iii. 10. § 2, iv. 9. § 1] Some of these Spartan "leschae" seem to have been halls of some architectural pretensions: Pausanias mentions two of them, the "lesche krotanon" (polytonic|λέσχη Κροτανῶν) and the "lesche poikile" (polytonic|λέσχη ποικίλη). [Pausanias, "Description of Greece" iii. 14. § 2, 15. § 8] They were also used for other purposes. [Ath. iv. p. 138, e.]

There were generally chambers for council and conversation, called by this name, attached to the temples of Apollo, one of whose epithets was "Leschenorios" (polytonic|Λεσχηνόριος). [Harpocration "s.v."] [Plutarch, Plut. "de El ap. Delph." p. 385, b.] [Müller, "Dor." ii. 2. § 15, note] Of such "leschae" the chief was that which was erected at Delphi by the Cnidians, and which was celebrated throughout Greece, even less for its own magnificence, than for the paintings with which it was adorned by Polygnotus. [Pausanias, "Description of Greece" x. 25] [Karl Böttiger, "Archaeol. d. Malerci", p. 296, &c.]

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  • lesché — Lesché, [lesch]ée. part. Il a les significations de son verbe. On dit en parlant de peinture, qu Un tableau est lesché, trop lesché, pour dire, que Les couleurs y sont mises avec beaucoup de soin & de peine, mais avec peu d art & de goust. Et on… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Lesche —   [ lɛsçeː] die, / n, im antiken Griechenland Gebäude, in dem Gespräche geführt, Verhandlungen und Versammlungen abgehalten wurden. Die von den Knidiern errichtete Lesche in Delphi, ein Rechteckbau mit acht Säulen, besaß eine Sammlung von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • lesche — Lesche, ou Une petite lesche, Habenula. Bud. ex Celso …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • lesche — LESCHE. s. f. Tranche fort mince de quelque chose à manger. Petite lesche de jambon …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Lesche [1] — Lesche (gr. Ant.), ein Ort, wo man zur Unterhaltung zusammenkam; namentlich 1) Versammlungsort müssiger u. arbeitsscheuer Umhertreiber, welche hier auch Gelegenheit fanden zu übernachten, wie es Bettler u. Fremde thaten, welche ausgingen, um… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lesche [2] — Lesche, Pfarrdorf in der kroatischen Gespannschaft Agram, am Dobra; schwefelige Mineralquelle mit Bad; 130 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lesche — (griech.), in den griechischen Städten ein Ort zu geselligem Verkehr und öffentlicher Unterhaltung, meist mit Säulenhallen und Werken der Kunst geschmückt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lesche — Lesche, im alten Griechenland Bezeichnung von Versammlungsorten zu geselliger Unterhaltung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lesche — Der Begriff Lesche bezeichnet: in der Architektur der Antike einen Versammlungsraum (griechisch λέσχη), siehe Lesche (Architektur) die Lesche von Mühlheim, ein in Wetzlar und seiner Umgegend begütertes Adelsgeschlecht deutscher Name der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lesche — ˈle(ˌ)skē noun ( s) Etymology: Greek leschē; akin to Greek lechos bed more at lie : a social gathering place of classical antiquity * * * /les kee/, n. an arcade or other public place in ancient Greece. [ < Gk lésche orig., couch, lounging… …   Useful english dictionary