Battle of Bibracte


Battle of Bibracte

Infobox Military Conflict


caption=
conflict=Battle of Bibracte
partof=the Gallic Wars
date=58 BC
place=Saône-et-Loire, France
result=Roman victory, Helvetii Surrender
combatant1=Roman Republic
combatant2=Mainly Helvetii,
Boii,
Tulingi,
Rauraci
commander1=Julius Caesar
commander2=Divicus
strength2=<90,000 Soldiers-<368,000
(Larger number includes non-combatants).
strength1=Six Roman legions Plus Auxiliaries (Roman military)

casualties1= Unknown
casualties2= Remaning 130,000
The Battle of Bibracte was fought between the Helvetii and six Roman legions, under the command of Gaius Julius Caesar. It was the second major battle of the Gallic Wars.

After following the migration of the Helvetii and defeating them, Caesar, around 20 June, moved towards Bibracte, (approximately 18 miles away from their camp) to obtain the supplies promised by his allies, the Aedui. Informed by deserters of Lucius Æmilius commander of the cavalry the Helvetii took this occasion to turn and harass Cæsar's rear guard. When Cæsar observed this he sent his cavalry to delay the attack. He in the interim surmounted a near-by hill and set up placed the Seventh (Legio VII Claudia), Eighth (Legio VIII Augusta), Ninth (Legio IX Hispana), and Tenth legions (Legio X Equestris), organized in the Roman fashion (triplex acies), near the bottom of the slope. He did this so he could collect the Eleventh (Legio XI Claudia) and Twelfth (Legio XII Fulminata) Legions and all his auxiliaries at the summit. Also while this was going on he ordered the baggage train assembled in one location and ordered the men assembled at the summit to guard them.

The Helvetii then having driven off Cæsars cavalry and having secured their baggage train engaged "In the seventh hour" approximately noon or one o'clock. According to Cæsar his battle line situated on the hill easily routed the Helvetii assault by using pila (javelins) at about 10 to 15 yards. Cæsars forces then went on the offencive assaulting the Helvetii and pushing them about a thousand paces back to the hill where they had secured their baggage train.The legions pursued them across the plain in between these hills, at which point the Boii and Tulingi arrived with fifteen thousand men (according to Cæsar) to assist the Helvetii flanking the Romans on one side. At which point the Helvetii returned to the battle in earnest. When the Tulingi and the Boii started to circumvent the Romans Cæsar reformed his Third line to resist the assault of the Boii and Tuligni, keeping his primary and secondary lines to route the Helvetii.

The battle lasted until night fall and lasted many hours into the night until the Romans finally took the Helvetii's baggage train. Cæsar captured both a daughter and son of Orgetorix. According to Cæsar One Hundred and Thirty thousand men of Helvetii and her allies did escape into the night. Unable to pursue the enemy on account of battle wounds and the time it took to bury the dead Cæsar delayed three days before he would pursue. The Helvetii managed to reach the territory of the Lingones within four days. Cæsar also warned the Lingones to not assist them. As a result of the Battle the Helvetii and her allies surrendered to Cæsar.

Interesting note Cæsar claimed 130,000 of the Helvetii and her allies escaped yet also according to Cæsar only 110,000 returned home. Also according to Cæsar the census totals of the tribes at the start of the war were:

References

*HDS|8721
*Goldsworthy, Adrian. "Caesar: Life of a Colossus." New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007. 220-223.

*Cæsars Gallic War - Direct Translation from Latin


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bibracte — Bibracte, a Gaulish oppidum or fortified city, was the capital of the Aedui and one of the most important hillforts in Gaul. It was situated near modern Autun in Burgundy, France. The material culture of the Aedui corresponded to the Late Iron… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Alesia — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Alesia partof=the Gallic Wars caption=A reconstructed section of the Alesia investment fortifications date=September 52 BC place= Alise Sainte Reine (France) casus= territory= result=Decisive Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Schlacht bei Bibracte — Teil von: Gallischer Krieg Datum Juni 58 v. Chr. Ort Saône et Loire, Frankreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helvetii — The Helvetii were a Celtic tribe and the main occupants of the Swiss plateau in the 1st century BC. They are prominently featured in Julius Caesar’s commentaries on the Gallic War. The Neolatin title of Switzerland, Confoederatio Helvetica… …   Wikipedia

  • Gallic Wars — This article is about the military campaign. For Julius Caesar s writings, see Commentarii de Bello Gallico. Gallic War Vercingetorix Throws Down His Arms at the Feet of Ju …   Wikipedia

  • Campaign history of the Roman military — This article is part of the series on: Military of ancient Rome (portal) 753 BC – AD 476 Structural history Roman army (unit types and ranks …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles before 601 — List of battles: before 601 601 1400 1401 1800 1801 1900 1901 2000 2001 current See also: List of Roman battles Before 500 BC5th century BC4th century BC*398 BC Siege of Motya Phoenician city Motya sacked. *397 BC Battle of Messene Ionian Greek… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Roman battles — The following is a list of Roman Battles fought by the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire, and sometimes the Byzantine Empire, organized by date. The list is not exhaustive. For the complete list see List of battles, for other… …   Wikipedia

  • Military career of Julius Caesar — Historians place the generalship of Julius Caesar (100 BC 44 BC) on the level of such geniuses as Alexander the Great, Hannibal and Napoleon Bonaparte. Although he suffered occasional tactical defeats such as Gergovia during the Gallic War and… …   Wikipedia

  • Switzerland — Swiss redirects here. For other uses, see Swiss (disambiguation). Swiss Confederation redirects here. For Swiss Confederacy, see Old Swiss Confederacy. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Switzerland (disambiguation). Swiss… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.