- Summer vacation
Summer vacation (also called summer holidays or summer break) is a vacation in the
summertime between school years in which students are off school typically between 6 weeks and 3 months, depending on the country and district.
During this period, the schools are preparing for the next school year and do cleanup and maintenance that cannot be done during the normal course of a school year.
In some countries, students participate in programs such as organized
sports, summer camps, and attend summer schools.They may also hang out with friends. High schoolstudents sometimes visit collegeand university campuses. It is also typical for teenagers to get a job during the summer vacation in order to raise some money to spend at their leisure. Many parents take time off work, in order to go on a family vacation during the summer. These activities are far less common in the UKFact|date=September 2008, and when present, the clubs are run privately and charge a fee.
Criticisms and support
The concept of summer vacation has been criticized because students supposedly forget large amounts of information learned in the past year ("See:
Summer Learning Loss") [http://www.infoplease.com/spot/schoolyear1.html History of the Summer Vacation] ] [ Johns Hopkins University, Center for Summer Learning, [http://www.summerlearning.org/media/researchandpublications/Memorable.Summer.Fact.Sheet.Final.2.26.08.pdf Summer Learning Fact Sheet: Doesn't Every Child Deserve a Memorable Summer?] ] . Alternatives to summer vacation, such as year-round schoolor Winter Vacationare used by some schools.
In the United States, any discussions or news stories about schools going year-round have included the claim that what is now summer vacation was originally given as time for the kids to work on family farms when they were more prevalent.
ummer vacation, country-by-country
United States, summer vacation lasts for almost 3 months. Most schools take summer vacation from early to mid June to Labor Dayor from late May to late August. These dates vary depending on the location of the school district.
Australia, the Summer season officially lasts from December to February, and therefore coincides with the Christmas and New Year holidays. The dates of Australian school holidays (the term used, rather than "vacation") are determined by each state's Department of Education, the Summer (also known as Christmas) holidays being the longest in duration. Typically Christmas or Summer holidays in Australia last approximately six weeks, usually from around December 20th (depending on school year, see below) to the last few days of January. While significantly shorter than the North American Summer vacation, Australian schools also break for two weeks at Easter, and in June and September, giving students and teachers a total of twelve weeks of annual holidays .In many public schools, years 10 through 12 will finish before December 20th, allowing time to complete exam marking and results. Year 10 commonly finishes at the end of November, Year 11 at the end of October, and year 12 also at the end of October after 3 weeks of end-of-year exams. This can bring the normal 12 weeks of vacation to 20 weeks of vacation. The intervening periods of school operation are called "School Terms", each term lasting approximately ten weeks. All Australian states have relatively similar holiday periods, but there is the ability for this to change around, such as for the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth games, when the first term in Victorian schools was shortened to 6 weeks and the other subsequently extended to 12 weeks each allowing people to attend the events. Most private schools in Australia have up to four weeks additional holidays, due to their longer teaching hours during term.
New Zealand, the summer holidays for primary school students typically starts around 20 December, and ends around 7 February. For junior secondary school students (Years 9 and 10), school holidays typically start one week before primary school students. Senior secondary school students (Years 11, 12, and 13) officially start their summer holidays at the same time as the junior secondary school students, but the summer holidays for them start in mid-November, in the week before the first NCEA exams.
* In the
Republic of Ireland, most secondary schools get off for Summer on the last week of May or first week in June and don't return until the first or week in September. They also receive around two weeks for Easter and around another two weeks for Christmasand New Year, as well as another week around Halloween(called "Mid-Term") and another few days (usually 1 or 2) for St. Patrick's Day. Most schools also get every Bank Holidayoff. Students doing exams ( Junior Certand Leaving Cert) have to come in some days during June to sit their exams but otherwise have the same break as those not doing exams. Primary schools in the Republic of Irelandfollow the same pattern, though only get off for Summer at the end of June. All schools in Northern Irelandalso follow the same pattern as primary schools in the Republic of Ireland, except students doing exams ( GCSEand A-Levels), who get off at the start of May on "Study-Leave" and do the exams sometime in June, but still have the same Summer as those not doing exams.
Scotland, school summer holidays start around the end of June and last for about 7 weeks, with most schools returning in the middle of August. In addition to summer holidays, scottish schools have 1 or 2 weeks in October, 2 weeks at Christmas and 2 weeks at Easter. A bank holiday in May, and one in September wraps it up for school holidays. Scottish schools get the fewest days off in the whole of the United Kingdom.
England& Wales, summer holidays start near the end of July, and last until the first week of September (normally 6 weeks). In addition, schools have three 1 week long half term breaks (one at the end of October, one in mid February and one in late May), as well as 2 weeks off for Christmas and 2 weeks off for Easter, bringing the total weeks off per year to 13 weeks.
Estonia, summer holidays start in the beginning of June, the date ranging for different grades. School begins every year on September 1.
Philippines, summer holidays for kindergarten, elementary, and high schools typically start on the third or last week of March and ends in the first week of June. This coincides the country's tropical summer months which span from March to May. Colleges and universities, however, offer summer classes for students who wants to take advanced subjects or those who fail to pass the prerequisites for the next school year. School year begins in the second week of June, the start of Philippines' wet season.
Pakistan, summer vacation starts from May 31st, as annual examinations or semsters in schools, colleges & universities of the country end during the month, and last till the end of July owing to extreme summer.
Israel,summer vacation for the middle school and high school (7th-12th grade) start at June 20th and end at September 1st. Lower grades are off to vacation on the 30th to June and ends at September 1st.
India,summer vacation for schools start at April second week and ends at June first week.
Malaysia, final term examinations begin in October, at times in September. The term ends usually around November 15, this marks the beginning of the vacation. A new term begins a day or two, sometimes a week after the New Year. This applies to kindergarten, elementary and high schools.
ummer Vacation in Popular Culture
Due to it being considered the most fun time of year among youth, summer vacation, and the last day of school, is an often-explored topic of films and television. Some films that include the last day of school, or summer vacation, include:
High School Musical 2"
* "Dazed And Confused"
A Goofy Movie"
The Even Stevens Movie"
* "The Naked Brothers Band"
The Last Day of Summer (film)
Some television episodes/specials/and music that have included the last day of school, or summer vacation:
The Simpsons" episodes Kamp Krusty, Summer of 4 Ft. 2, and Bart of Darkness
You're in Love, Charlie Brown"
Phineas and Ferb"
Ed, Edd, n' Eddy"
DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Princewith the song Summetime
Alice Coopersong, School's Out, is another last day of school/summer vacation favorite.
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Look at other dictionaries:
summer vacation — UK US noun [countable] [singular summer vacation plural summer vacations] the period of time in the summer when universities are closed Thesaurus: school or university yearhyponym degrees and other … Useful english dictionary
summer vacation — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms summer vacation : singular summer vacation plural summer vacations the period of time in the summer when universities are closed … English dictionary
summer vacation — summer break, big vacation during the summer months … English contemporary dictionary
summer vacation — summer va cation n [U] AmE the period of time during the summer when schools and universities are closed British Equivalent: summer holidays … Dictionary of contemporary English
summer vacation — summer va cation noun count the period of time in the summer when schools, colleges, and universities are closed … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
summer vacation — noun (U) AmE the period of time during the summer when schools and universities are closed; summer holidays BrE … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
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