:"This article is about the county of Wales. For the ancient kingdom, see
Kingdom of Powys."
Powys (pronounced IPA2|ˈpæw.ɪs Pow [rhyme with "cow"] -is [as in "list"] by most English speakers, but with a full, rounded, accent on the first syllable [rhyme with "oh" or "oval"] , which is stressed, by Welsh-speakers) is a local government principal area and a preserved county in
list of places in Powysfor all towns and villages in Powys."Powys covers the former administrative counties of Montgomeryshireand Radnorshire, most of Brecknockshire, and a small part of Denbighshire — an area of 5,196 km², making it the largest principal area in Wales by land area.
It is bounded to the north by
Gwynedd, Denbighshireand Wrexham; to the west by Ceredigionand Carmarthenshire; to the east by England(counties of Shropshireand Herefordshire); and to the south by Rhondda Cynon Taff, Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly (county borough), Blaenau Gwent, Monmouthshireand Neath Port Talbot.
Most of Powys is mountainous, with north-south transportation by car being difficult.
The majority of the Powys population is made up of small villages and towns. The largest is Newtown, with a population of 12,783 (2001).
Just under a third of the residents have Welsh linguistical skills and Welsh speakers are concentrated mainly in the rural areas both in and around
Machynlleth, Llanfyllinand Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant(where William Morgan first translated the whole Bible into Welsh in 1588) in Montgomeryshire ( _cy. Sir Drefaldwyn), and the industrial area of Ystradgynlaisin the extreme south-west of Brecknockshire ( _cy. Sir Frycheiniog). Radnorshire( _cy. Sir Faesyfed) was almost completely Anglicised by the end of the 18th century.
For a map of the current distribution of Welsh speakers in the county, see the website of [http://www.bwrdd-yr-iaith.org.uk/cynnwys.php?cID=&pID=109&nID=1018&langID=2 bwrdd-yr-iaith/The Welsh Language Board]
Top performing secondary schools in Powys, 5 GCSEs, grades A-C, according to the latest inspection reports from
Estyn[cite web | author= | title=Estyn reports for Powys |url=http://www.estyn.gov.uk/dynpages/rep_schools.asp?qProviderType=Secondary+school&qLEA=Powys| accessdaymonth=20 Nov | accessyear=2007 ] .
Llanidloes High school, Llanidloes(Bilingual)
Builth Wells High School, Builth Wells(Bilingual)
Llanfyllin High School, Llanfyllin(Bilingual)
Crickhowell High School, Crickhowell
Welshpool High School, Welshpool
Caereinion High Sch, Llanfair Caereinion(Bilingual)
Gwernyfed High School, Three Cocks
Brecon High School, Brecon(Bilingual)
John Beddoes School, Presteigne
Ysgol Maes y Dderwen, Ystradgynlais
Ysgol Bro Ddyfi, Machynlleth(Bilingual)
Newtown High School, Newtown
All are substantially out-performed by the county's leading independent school -
Christ College, Brecon. In 2007 91.3% achieved grades A - C in GCSE examinations [cite web | author= | title=Christ College|url=http://www.christcollegebrecon.com/Curriculum/Results.htm
accessdaymonth=11 March| accessyear=2008] .
This area is named after the older Welsh/British
Kingdom of Powys, which occupied the northern two thirds of the area as well as lands now in England, and came to an end when it was occupied by Llywelyn ap Gruffyddof Gwynedd during the 1260s.
In December 2007 Powys was awarded Fairtrade County status by the
FairtradeFoundation [cite web | author= Sally Williams | title=FairTrade Resource Network|url=http://www.fairtraderesource.org/2007/12/07/wales-ahead-in-bid-to-be-first-fairtrade-country/
03 July| accessyear=2008]
The gold in the county coat of arms (see right) symbolises the wealth of the area. Black for both mining and the
Black Mountains. The fountain is a medievalheraldic charge, always shown as a "roundel barry wavy Argent and Azure". It represents water and, therefore, both refers to the water catchment area and the rivers and lakes. The arms, therefore, contain references to the hills and mountains, rivers and lakes, water supply and industry.
The crest continues the colouring of the arms. A tower has been used in preference to a mural crown, which alludes to the county's military history and remains. From the tower rises a
red kite, a bird almost extinct elsewhere in Britain, but thriving here. The bird is "semy of black lozenges" for the former coal mining industry, while the golden fleece it carries is a reference to the importance of sheep rearing in Powys [http://www.ngw.nl/int/gbr/p/powys.htm International Civic Heraldry site] ).
The county motto is, "Powys - the paradise of Wales" ( _cy. Powys Pardwys Cymru) .
Powys was originally created on
1 April 1974under the Local Government Act 1972, and originally had Montgomery and Radnor and Brecknock as districts under it, which were based directly on the former administrative counties.
1 April 1996, the districts were abolished, and Powys was reconstituted as a unitary authority, with a minor border adjustment in the north-east (specifically the addition of the communities of Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant, Llansilinand Llangedwynfrom Glyndwrdistrict in Clwyd, all historically part of Denbighshire).
Lord Lieutenant of Powyswas previously the Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire. The Lord Lieutenant of Brecknockshireand Lord Lieutenant of Radnorshirewere appointed as Lieutenants.
Lord Lieutenantis The Hon. Mrs Elizabeth Shân Legge-Bourke LVOof Crickhowell.
Quality of life
Recent research suggests that Powys is the happiest place in the UK [cite web | author= | title=BBC - "Britain's Happiest Places Mapped" |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/7584321.stm
accessdaymonth=28 August| accessyear=2008]
Places of interest
Ogof Agen Allwedd
Ogof Craig a Ffynnon
Ogof Ffynnon Ddu
Ogof y Daren Cilau
Reservoirs and Lakes
Elan Valley Reservoirs:
Llangorse Lake[http://www.mikehollandphotographic.co.uk/photo_51647.html Langorse Lake at dawn] .
Museums and exhibitions
Brecknock Museum, Brecon,
Centre for Alternative Technology, Machynlleth
Llandrindod Wells Museum
Newtown Textile Museum
Powysland Museum, Welshpool
Wye Valley Walkfrom Chepstowto Rhayader
Offa's Dyke Path
*The Sarn Sabrina circular walk from Llanidloes via the source of the River Severn ( _cy.
Afon Hafren) in Hafren Forest, Plynlimon. [cite web | author= | title=Llani Leisure|url=http://www.llanileisure.org.uk/Sarnsabrinaroutenarration
03 July| accessyear=2008]
*The Black Mountains
Y Gaer, Brecon Roman fort
Welshpool and Llanfair Light Railway
Welsh National Cycle Route
* [http://www.powys.gov.uk/ Powys County Council] (official site)
* [http://history.powys.org.uk/histmenu.html Powys Heritage]
* [http://www.tourism.powys.gov.uk/ Tourism in Powys]
* [http://www.coleg-powys.ac.uk/ Coleg Powys]
* [http://www.cpat.org.uk/ Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust]
* [http://www.enviroforest.co.uk Reducing the area's carbon footprint] - Recycling and Composting in Powys
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См. также в других словарях:
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