Utraquist school" for a kind of bilingualschools"Utraquism (from the Latin "sub utraque specie", meaning "in both kinds") was a Christiandogma first proposed by Jacob of Miesin 1414. It maintained that the Eucharistshould be administered "in both kinds" — as both breadand wine— to all the congregation, including the laity. (The practice at the time was for only the priests to partake of the wine).
The Utraquists were a moderate faction of the
Hussites(in contrast to the more radical Taboritesand Orebites-Orphans). They were also known as the Prague Party or the Calixtines — from "calix", Latin for their emblem, the chalice.
The Utraquists eventually reunited with the
Holy Seeand defeated the more radical Taborites and Orphans at the Battle of Lipanyin 1434. After that battle, nearly all forms of Hussite revival were Utraquist, as seen with George of Podebrady, who even managed to bring the city of Tábor, the famous Taborite stronghold, to convert to Utraquism.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15244b.htm Utraquism article] at
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Utraquism — • The principal dogma, and one of the four articles, of the Calixtines or Hussites Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Utraquism Utraquism … Catholic encyclopedia
utraquism — noun A term used to describe the doctrine of the obligation of the faithful to receive communion in both kinds (sub utraque specie) … Wiktionary
utraquism — utra·quism … English syllables
utraquism — Утраквизм … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
utraquism — ˈyü.trəˌkwizəm noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: utraquist + ism : the doctrines or practices of the Calixtins … Useful english dictionary
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