- Femoral vein
Vein: Femoral vein Drawing of the left femoral triangle - shows superior portion of the femoral vein. The femoral vein and its tributaries. Latin vena femoralis Gray's subject #173 672 Source popliteal, profunda femoris, great saphenous Drains to external iliac vein Artery femoral artery MeSH Femoral+Vein
In the human body, the femoral vein is a blood vessel that accompanies the femoral artery in the femoral sheath. It begins at the adductor canal (also known as Hunter's canal) and is a continuation of the popliteal vein. It ends at the inferior margin of the inguinal ligament, where it becomes the external iliac vein.
Several large veins drain into the femoral vein:
Occlusion of the femoral vein can be life-threatening.
Use of the term superficial femoral vein
The term superficial femoral vein is not recognized as a legitimate anatomic term.
However, some specialist physicians (e.g. radiologists, and orthopaedic/vascular surgeons) use the term superficial femoral vein for the distal part of the femoral vein to:
- differentiate the femoral vein segments before and after the profunda femoris vein joins with it, and
- differentiate the distal segment of the femoral vein from the deep femoral vein (profunda femoris vein), which is paired with the profunda femoris artery.
The femoral vein is considered a deep vein, unlike the adjective superficial suggests and has led some physicians to falsely conclude it is a superficial vein, which has resulted in patients (with deep vein thrombosis) being denied efficacious anticoagulant or thrombolytic therapy.
- ^ a b Bundens WP, Bergan JJ, Halasz NA, Murray J, Drehobl M. The superficial femoral vein. A potentially lethal misnomer. JAMA. 1995 Oct 25;274(16):1296-8. PMID 7563535.
- ^ Maliphant J, Scott J. Use of the femoral vein ('groin injecting') by a sample of needle exchange clients in Bristol, UK. Harm Reduction Journal 2005, 2:6. Free Full Text.
- ^ a b Hammond I. The superficial femoral vein. Radiology. 2003 Nov;229(2):604; discussion 604-6. PMID 14595157. Full Text.
- Gray's s157 - "The Arteries of the Lower Extremity"
- SUNY Figs 12:05-01 - "Veins of the lower extremity shown in association with major landmarks."
- Cross section at UV pelvis/pelvis-e12-15
Veins of lower limbs (TA A12.3.11, GA 7.669) thigh deep leg superficial leg foot
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Look at other dictionaries:
femoral vein — n the chief vein of the thigh that is a continuation of the popliteal vein, accompanies the femoral artery in the upper part of its course, and continues above the inguinal ligament as the external iliac vein * * * vena femoralis … Medical dictionary
femoral vein — noun a vein that accompanies the femoral artery in the same sheath; a continuation of the popliteal vein; becomes the external iliac vein • Syn: ↑vena femoralis • Hypernyms: ↑vein, ↑vena, ↑venous blood vessel • Part Holonyms: ↑thigh … Useful english dictionary
femoral vein deep — vena profunda femoris … Medical dictionary
circumflex femoral vein — noun either of two veins that accompany arteries of the same name serving the hip and thigh • Syn: ↑vena circumflexus femoris • Hypernyms: ↑circumflex vein, ↑vena circumflexa … Useful english dictionary
Femoral hernia — Classification and external resources ICD 10 K41 ICD 9 553.0 … Wikipedia
Femoral — can refer to: * Femoral artery * Femoral vein * Femur * Femoral triangle * Femoral nerve … Wikipedia
femoral canal — n the space that is situated between the femoral vein and the inner wall of the femoral sheath, is from a quarter to half an inch (6 to 13 millimeters) long, and extends from the femoral ring to the saphenous opening * * * canalis femoralis … Medical dictionary
Femoral vessel — may refer to:* Femoral artery * Femoral vein … Wikipedia
Femoral triangle — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = trigonum femorale GraySubject = 157 GrayPage = 626 Caption = Drawing of the left femoral triangle shows superior portion of the femoral vein. Caption2 = Right femoral sheath laid open to show its three… … Wikipedia
Femoral artery — Infobox Artery Name = PAGENAME Latin = arteria femoralis GraySubject = 157 GrayPage = 623 Caption = Structures passing behind the inguinal ligament. (Femoral artery labeled at upper right.) Caption2 = Femoral artery and its major branches right… … Wikipedia