- Swedish Canadian
group= Swedish Canadian
poptime= 334,765 [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/highlights/ethnic/pages/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo=PR&Code=01&Data=Count&Table=2&StartRec=1&Sort=3&Display=All&CSDFilter=5000] Statistics Canada, Census 2006 - Selected Ethnic Origins1, for Canada, Provinces and Territories - 20% Sample Data] 1.1% of Canada's population"'
Western Canada, Ontario
Protestant[ [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/products/standard/themes/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?Temporal=2001&PID=68635&GID=517770&METH=1&APATH=3&PTYPE=55496&THEME=44&AID=0&FREE=0&FOCUS=0&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GC=0&GK=0&SC=1&SR=1&RL=0&CPP=99&RPP=9999&d1=20&d2=0&d3=0] (Statistics Canada, Census 2001 - Selected Demographic and Cultural Characteristics (105), Selected Ethnic Groups (100), Age Groups (6), Sex (3) and Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas 1 , 2001 Census - 20% Sample Data)]
Swedish Americans, Scandinavian
The term Swedish Canadian refers to a naturalized
Canadiancitizen hailing from Swedenor professing Swedish descent. The 'Swedish-Canadian' community in Canada is 330,000 strong. [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/products/highlight/ETO/Table1.cfm?Lang=E&T=501&GV=1&GID=0] The vast majority of them reside west of Lake Superior, primarily in Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmontonand Vancouver. Torontois the most popular settlement spot for newcomers. Despite having an influential presence and distinctive cultural bond, only 20,000 Canadian persons of Swedish descent have command over their mother tongue. More than 175 place names in Canada are of Swedish origin. The Swedes are responsible for the introduction of skiinginto Canada.Fact|date=February 2007
A few Swedes trickled into Canada even before it became a country in 1867, but the first real wave of immigration began in the late 1890s and ended with the onset of the
First World Warin 1914. Included in this group were a significant numberquantify|date=August 2008 of farmers who had settled first in the United States.
The first Swede,
Jacob Fahlström, arrived in Canada in 1809, as an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company. He was succeeded in 1812 by yet another gentleman from Sweden, who was accompanied by two other men from Norwayand Irelandto populate the Selkirk Settlementin lower Manitoba. A much more substantive wave of Swedish settlers immigrated to Canada from the United States between 1868 and 1914, as land for farming became more and more scarce in America. Crop failures in their home country between 1866 and 1868 encouraged a similar exodusfrom Europe.
The second and largest wave, which came during the 1920s, endured both the depression of the 1930s and the
Second World War1939-45. The third wave, although not as numerous, has been steady since the 1950s. Many of the more recent newcomers are connected with Swedish companies located in Canada, and do not intend to remain in the country.
Most Swedes settled in western Canada, from northern
Ontarioto British Columbia. There were only a handful of strictly Swedish communities, the earliest being "Scandinavia", Manitoba, in 1885 and "Stockholm", Saskatchewan, in 1886. The Census of Canadashows that Swedish immigrants could be found scattered throughout every province and territory, with pockets in rural areas and in some towns and cities. Winnipegacted as the Swedish capital of Canada until the 1940s when Vancouvertook over this title. A significant numberquantify|date=August 2008 of Swedes live in Calgary and Edmonton and their environs, but the Torontoarea is home to the largest concentration of newcomers, where it has one of the largest concentration of Swedish business in North America. [Ruprecht, Tony. "Toronto's Many Faces"]
Adapting to the ways of a new country is never easy, but most Swedes considered it a primary goal in order to achieve success. Early immigrants made every effort to master the English language, at the same time supporting a fairly large number of Swedish-language newspapers, including two weeklies. Recent immigrants who have learned English in Swedish schools do not have this problem.
Swedes are accustomed to four distinct seasons. Although Sweden is located quite far north (in the
Western Hemisphereit would lie in the middle of Hudson Bay), the Gulf Streammodifies its climate dramatically. The reason so many Swedes settled on the prairies was not because the landscape was similar, but because land was available. The Canadian Shield, with its rocks, trees and lakes, is the landscape most reminiscent of Sweden.
Notable Swedish Canadians
Noteworthy Canadian celebrities and personalities of Swedish origin include
Pamela Wallin, Judge Tom Bergerwho headed the Mackenzie Valley Pipelineinquiry, architect Arthur Ericksonwho designed Roy Thomson Hallin Toronto and the Canadian Embassy in Washington, Harry Stromwho was the former premier of Alberta(1968-1971), naturalist Louise de Kiriline Lawrencewho was the most prolific contributor to the "Audubon", and Ralph Gustafsonwho won the Governor General's Award for poetry in 1974.
David L. Anderson
[http://www.swedesincanada.ca/ Swedes in Canada]
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