Aaron Arrowsmith


Aaron Arrowsmith

Aaron Arrowsmith (1750 – 1823), was an English cartographer, engraver and publisher and founding member of the Arrowsmith family of geographers. He moved to Soho Square, London from Winston, County Durham when about twenty years of age, and was employed by John Cary, the engraver and William Faden. He became Hydrographer to the Prince of Wales ca. 1810 and subsequently to the King in 1820. In January 1790 he made himself famous by his large chart of the world on Mercator projection. Four years later he published another large map of the world on the globular projection, with a companion volume of explanation. The maps of North America (1796) and Scotland (1807) are the most celebrated of his many later productions. He left two sons, Aaron and Samuel, the elder of whom was the compiler of the "Eton Comparative Atlas", of a "Biblical atlas", and of various manuals of geography.

The business was thus carried on in company with John Arrowsmith (1790-1873), nephew of the elder Aaron. In 1821, they published a more complete North American map from a combination of a maps obtained from the Hudson's Bay Company and Aaron's previous one. In 1834 John published his "London Atlas", the best set of maps then in existence. He followed up the atlas with a long series of elaborate and carefully executed maps, those of Australia, America, Africa and India being especially valuable. In 1863 he received the gold medal of the Royal Geographical Society, of which body he was one of the founders.

His maps were very numerous, and the neatness and finished style of their execution gained for them a very extensive reputation, which, however, on closer examination, they have not permanently sustained. Arrowsmith was a most industrious collector of materials, but he was not equally judicious in using them ; and though, in various respects, useful and meritorious, his maps contain many great and important errors.

Mount Arrowsmith, situated east of Port Alberni on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, is named for Aaron Arrowsmith and his nephew John Arrowsmith.

Maps published

*"Chart of the world on Mercator's projection, exhibiting all the new discoveries to the present time: with the tracks of the most distinguished navigators since the year 1700, carefully collected from the best charts, maps, voyages, &c extant. ", 1790 (8 sheets)
*"A Map Exhibiting All the New Discoveries in the Interior Parts of North America", January 1, 1795 (Other editions 1801, 1802, 1804 and 1816 featuring roads)
*"Chart of the South Pacific", 1798
*"A New Map of Africa", 1802
*"Chart Of The West Indies And Spanish Dominions In North America", 1803 (4 sheets)
*"A New Map of Mexico and Adjacent Provinces Compiled from Original Documents.", 1810 (4 sheets)
*"Map of Countries Round the North Pole", 1818
*"Ogden map (North America)", 1821 (2nd edition : 1834)

References

*1911
* [http://ilmbwww.gov.bc.ca/bcgn-bin/bcg10?name=9247 Integrated Land Management Bureau, Government of British Columbia.]


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  • Aaron Arrowsmith — (1750–1823) Aaron Arrowsmith (* 14. Juli 1750 in Winston, County Durham, Großbritannien; † 23. April 1823 in London, Großbritannien)[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aaron Arrowsmith — (1750–1823) fue un geógrafo inglés y miembro de la prestigiosa familia Arrowsmith de geógrafos y cartógrafos. Se mudó desde Soho Square, en Londres a Winston en County Durham cuando tenía 20 años de edad, siendo contratado por John Cary como… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aaron Arrowsmith — Aaron Arrowsmith. Aaron Arrowsmith est un géographe anglais, né à Londres en 1750 et décédé en 1823. Il se fit un nom par son habileté à dresser les cartes et fut nommé hydrographe du roi …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Arrowsmith (Homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Personnages Aaron Arrowsmith (1750 1823), géographe anglais. Clive Arrowsmith, photographe qui illustra le Calendrier Pirelli en 1991 et 1992. Alf… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arrowsmith (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Personnages Aaron Arrowsmith (1750 1823), géographe anglais. Clive Arrowsmith, photographe qui illustra le Calendrier Pirelli en 1991 et 1992. Alf… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aarón (nombre) — Este artículo trata sobre el nombre propio. Para el personaje bíblico, véase Aarón. Aarón Aarón Origen Hebreo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arrowsmith — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Personnages Aaron Arrowsmith (1750 1823), géographe anglais. Clive Arrowsmith, photographe qui illustra le calendrier Pirelli en 1991 et 1992. Alf… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arrowsmith — (spr. Arrosmith), Arthur od. Aaron, geb. 1750 zu Bedford in der Grafschaft Durham, widmete sich der Mathematik, kam 1770 nach London u. wurde dort Kartenzeichner; st. 1823 zu London. Von ihm sind über 50 Atlanten u. mehr als 150 Karten (einige in …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon