Robert Sapolsky


Robert Sapolsky

Robert Maurice Sapolsky (born 1957) is the John A. and Cynthia Fry Gunn Professor of Biological Sciences, and Professor of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, and by courtesy, Neurosurgery, at Stanford University. Although born into a devout Orthodox Jewish family, Sapolsky is a fervent atheist. [Dan Barker: "When we invited Robert Sapolsky to speak at one of out national conventions to receive our 'Emperor Has No Clothes Award', Robert wrote to me, 'Sure! Get the local Holiday Inn to put up a sign that says Welcome, Hell-bound Atheists!' [...] So, welcome you hell-bound atheist to Freethought Radio, Robert." Sapolsky: "Well, delighted to be among my kindred souls." [...] Annie Laurie Gaylor: So how long have you been a kindred non-soul, what made you an atheist Robert?" Sapolsky: "Oh, I was about fourteen or so... I was brought up very very religiously, orthodox Jewish background and major-league rituals and that sort of thing [...] and something happened when I was fourteen, and no doubt what it was really about was my gonads or who knows what, but over the course of a couple of weeks there was some sort of introspective whatever, where I suddenly decided this was all gibberish. And, among other things, also deciding there's no free will, but not in a remotely religious context, and deciding all of this was nonsense, and within a two week period all of that belief stuff simply evaporated." [http://media.libsyn.com/media/ffrf/FTradio_41_020307.mp3 Freethought Radio podcast (mp3)] , 3 February 2007 (accessed 22 April 2008).]

Education

Robert Sapolsky received his B.A. in biological anthropology "summa cum laude" from Harvard University and subsequently attended Rockefeller University where he received his Ph.D. in Neuroendocrinology, working in the lab of Bruce McEwen, a world-renowned endocrinologist. He is currently a professor at Stanford University, holding joint appointments in several departments, including Biological Sciences, Neurology & Neurological Sciences, and Neurosurgery. [cite web|url=http://med.stanford.edu/profiles/Robert_Sapolsky|title=Stanford Univ. detail of Prof. Sapolsky|accessdate=2007-07-27]

Career

Sapolsky, a neuroendocrinologist, has focused his research on issues of stress and neuron degeneration, as well as on the possibilities of gene therapy strategies for help in protecting susceptible neurons from disease. Currently, he is working on gene transfer techniques to strengthen neurons against the disabling effects of glucocorticoids. Sapolsky also spends time annually in Kenya studying a population of wild baboons in order to identify the sources of stress of their environment, and the relationship between personality and patterns of stress-related disease in these animals. More specifically, Sapolsky studies the cortisol levels between the Alpha male and female and the subordinates to determine stress level.

He is the author of Why Zebras Don’t Get Ulcers: An Updated Guide to Stress, Stress-Related Diseases and Coping (1994), which explores the effects of prolonged stress and its contribution to damaging physical and mental afflictions. His other books include, The Trouble with Testosterone: And Other Essays on the Biology of the Human Predicament (1997), Junk Food Monkeys (1997), A Primate’s Memoir (2002) and Monkeyluv: And Other Essays on Our Lives as Animals (2005).

Honors

Sapolsky has received numerous honors and awards for his work, including the prestigious MacArthur Fellowship genius grant in 1987 [cite web|url=http://www.macfound.org/site/c.lkLXJ8MQKrH/b.1142695/k.2A0E/Fellows_List__July_1987.htm|title=MacArthur Fellows List - July 1987|accessdate=2008-03-24] , an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship, and the Klingenstein Fellowship in Neuroscience.

The UK hardcore band Johnny Truant have a song named after Sapolsky on their debut full-length album The Repercussions of a Badly Planned Suicide.

Quotations

"Finish this lecture, go outside, and unexpectedly get gored by an elephant, and you are going to secrete glucocorticoids. There's no way out of it. You cannot psychologically reframe your experience and decide you did not like the shirt, here's an excuse to throw it out—that sort of thing."cite web|url=http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=1877467554618436978|title=Stress, Neurodegeneration and Individual Differences|accessdate=2007-07-27]

"Most of us don't collapse into puddles of stress-related disease."

"If a rat is a good model for your emotional life, you're in big trouble."

"What's the punch line here? Physiologically, it doesn't come cheap being a bastard 24 hours a day."

ee also

*Hans Selye
*Walter Bradford Cannon

Selected works

Books

* "Stress, the Aging Brain, and the Mechanisms of Neuron Death" (MIT Press, 1992) ISBN 0-262-19320-5
* "Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers" (1994, Holt/Owl 3rd Rep. Ed. 2004) ISBN 0-8050-7369-8
* "The Trouble with Testosterone: And Other Essays on the Biology of the Human Predicament" (Scribner, 1997) ISBN 0-684-83891-5
* "Junk Food Monkeys" (Headline Book Publishing, 1997) ISBN 978-0747276760
* "A Primate's Memoir" (Touchstone Books, 2002) ISBN 0-7432-0247-3
* "Monkeyluv : And Other Essays on Our Lives as Animals" (Scribner, Fall 2005) ISBN 0-7432-6015-5
* "Are the Desert People Winning?" "Discover" magazine, August 2005, Vol.26, #8 , p. 38–41
* "Biology and Human Behavior: The Neurological Origins of Individuality, 2nd Edition" (The Teaching Company, 2005) ISBN 1-59803-079-5 (The Great Courses audio lecture series)

Journal articles

*cite journal
last = Sapolsky
first = Robert
coauthors = Lewis C. Krey, and Bruce S. McEwen
title = The Neuroendocrinology of Stress and Aging: The Glucocorticoid Cascade Hypothesis
journal = Science of Aging Knowledge Environment
volume = 38
pages = 21
date = 25 September 2000

*cite journal
last = Sapolsky
first = Robert
coauthors = L. Michael Romero and Allan U. Munck
title = How Do Glucocorticoids Influence Stress Responses? Integrating Permissive, Suppressive, Stimulatory, and Preparative Actions
journal = Endocrine Reviews
volume = 21
pages = 55–89
date = 2000
doi = 10.1210/er.21.1.55
pmid = 10696570

Notes

External links

* [http://med.stanford.edu/profiles/Robert_Sapolsky/ Robert Sapolsky] profile at Stanford School of Medicine
*http://www.barclayagency.com/sapolsky.html
* [http://www.stanfordalumni.org/news/magazine/2001/novdec/features/sapolsky.html Going Wild]
* [http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/bios/sapolsky.html Robert Sapolsky at edge.org]
* [http://www.meta-library.net/bio/sapolsky-body.html Robert Sapolsky at meta-library.net]
* [http://www.kurzweilai.net/bios/frame.html?main=/bios/bio0159.html Robert Sapolsky at KurzweilAI.net]
* [http://provost.syr.edu/lectures/sapolsky.asp Robert Sapolsky Lecture at Syracuse]
* [http://ffrf.org/fttoday/2003/april/index.php?ft=sapolsky excerpt of the "Emperor Has No Clothes Award" acceptance speech]
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C03E6DB1E38F930A25757C0A9629C8B63 New York Times article "No Time for Bullies: Baboons Retool Their Culture,"] readable account of Sapolsky's research on baboon culture
* [http://killerstress.stanford.edu Stress: Portrait of a Killer] , National Geographic special featuring Sapolsky's research


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Sapolsky — en 2009 Robert Maurice Sapolsky, né en 1957, est un scientifique américain. Il est notamment professeur de biologie et de neurologie à l Université de Stanford. Il est aussi chercheur associé des musées nationaux du Kenya. Ouvrages Stress, the… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Sapolsky (disambiguation) — Robert Sapolsky is the name of two different notable people:*Robert M. Sapolsky, noted primatologist*Robert Sapolsky (Opera singer), who starred as Amahl in the opera Amahl and the Night Visitors …   Wikipedia

  • List of atheists (science and technology) — cience and technology thumb|right|100px|Dirac * Peter Atkins (1940 ndash;): English chemist, Professor of chemistry at Lincoln College, Oxford in England. [When asked by Rod Liddle in the documentary The Trouble with Atheism Give me your views on …   Wikipedia

  • Rockefeller University — Infobox University name = Rockefeller University native name = image size = 200px caption = Founder s Hall latin name = motto = mottoeng = established = 1901 closed = type = Private affiliation = endowment = $2.145 billion [cite web | title = All …   Wikipedia

  • Animal sexual behaviour — This article is about the sexual behaviour of non human animals; see also Human sexuality and Sexual reproduction. Animal sexual behaviour takes many different forms, even within the same species. Among animals other than humans, researchers have …   Wikipedia

  • Law of Attraction — The phrase Law of Attraction, although used widely by esoteric writers, has a variety of definitions. Turn of the century references conceptualized the law of attraction as relating to physical structure and to how matter develops. [“Waves in… …   Wikipedia

  • Major depressive disorder — For other depressive disorders, see Mood disorder. Major Depressive Disorder Classification and external resources …   Wikipedia

  • Deepak Chopra — For other uses, see Deepak Chopra (disambiguation). Deepak Chopra Speaking to the Microsoft PAC on January 15, 2011 Born October 22, 1946 (1946 10 22) (age 65) …   Wikipedia

  • Zeitgeist: Moving Forward — (Zeitgeist: Avanzando) es la tercera película documental de la serie Zeitgeist hecha por Peter Joseph. La película fue estrenada el 15 de enero de 2011 simultáneamente en más de 60 países en 30 idiomas, y en 340 proyecciones[1] siendo uno de los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Testosterone poisoning — is a pejorative neologism that refers not to actual poisoning, but to a negative perception of stereotypical aspects of male behavior. This speculative and controversial expression is based on a belief that men and boys with more masculine traits …   Wikipedia