Idiophone


Idiophone

An idiophone is any musical instrument which creates sound primarily by way of the instrument vibrating itself, without the use of strings or membranes. It is one of the four main divisions in the original Hornbostel-Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification. Idiophones are probably the oldest type of musical instrument (not counting the human voice).In the early classification of Victor-Charles Mahillon, this group of instruments was called autophones.

Most percussion instruments which are not drums are idiophones. Hornbostel-Sachs divides idiophones into four main sub-categories. The first division is the struck idiophones (sometimes called concussion idiophones). This includes most of the non-drum percussion instruments familiar in the west. They include all idiophones which are made to vibrate by being hit, either directly with a stick or hand (like the wood block, singing bowl, triangle or marimba), or indirectly, by way of a scraping or shaking motion (like maracas or flexatone). Various types of bells fall into both categories.

The other three sub-divisions are rarer. They are plucked idiophones, such as the jew's harp, amplified cactus, music box or mbira (thumb piano); blown idiophones, of which there are a very small number of examples, the Aeolsklavier being one; and friction idiophones, such as the singing bowl, glass harmonica, glass harp, turntable, verrophone, daxophone, styrophone, musical saw, or nail violin (a number of pieces of metal or wood rubbed with a bow). Other classifications use six main sub-categories, Concussion, Percussion, Rattle, Scraper, Plucked and Friction Idophones. [Don Michael Rendel, ed., "The New Harvard Dictionary of Music", 1986]

A number of idiophones that are normally struck, such as vibraphone bars and cymbals, can also be bowed.

Mallet-struck tuned percussion

A number of instruments fall into a sub-class within this group, and relate directly to the classification, tuned percussion. They are struck with mallets or with sticks.

They include:
*kalimbas
*xylophones
*vibraphones
*glockenspiel
*balafons
*steelpan
*celesta, a keyboard-operated idiophone

ee also

*Tuned percussion

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • idiophone — ● idiophone nom masculin Instrument de musique, non pourvu de cordes ou de membranes, dont le corps solide suffit à produire un son (castagnettes, xylophone, hochet, guimbarde, etc.). idiophone [idjɔfɔn] n. m. ÉTYM. XXe (mot créé en all. en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Idiophone —   [zu griechisch phōne̅ »Klang«], Singular Idiophon das, s, in der Systematik der Musikinstrumente Bezeichnung für diejenigen Instrumente, bei denen der schwingende Instrumentenkörper selbst und nicht eine Membran (Membranophone) oder eine Saite… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Idiophone — Un idiophone, ou autophone, est un instrument dont le matériau lui même produit le son lors d un impact, soit par un instrument extérieur (comme une baguette), soit par une autre partie de l instrument lui même. Ce «xylophone» en pierre (ou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • idiophone — ▪ musical instrument       class of musical instruments in which a resonant solid material such as wood, metal, or stone vibrates to produce the initial sound. The eight basic types are concussion, friction, percussion, plucked, scraped, shaken,… …   Universalium

  • idiophone — noun Any musical instrument that produces its sound by its own vibration (without any strings or membranes) …   Wiktionary

  • idiophone — id·io·phone …   English syllables

  • idiophone — /ˈɪdiəfoʊn/ (say ideeuhfohn) noun a musical instrument made of some solid naturally sonorous material, as cymbals, xylophones, glass harmonicas, etc. Compare aerophone, chordophone, electrophone, membranophone …   Australian English dictionary

  • idiophone — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Percussion idiophone — Idiophone Un idiophone, ou autophone, est un instrument dont le matériau lui même produit le son lors d un impact, soit par un instrument extérieur (comme une baguette), soit par une autre partie de l instrument lui même. Un idiophone en pierre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Idiophones — Idiophone Un idiophone, ou autophone, est un instrument dont le matériau lui même produit le son lors d un impact, soit par un instrument extérieur (comme une baguette), soit par une autre partie de l instrument lui même. Un idiophone en pierre… …   Wikipédia en Français


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