Golden Globe Award


Golden Globe Award

Infobox award
name = Golden Globe Award


imagesize = 150px
caption = The Golden Globe Award
current_awards =
description = Best in film and television programs
presenter = Hollywood Foreign Press Association
country = USA
year = 1944
website = http://www.hfpa.org/
The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. The awards have been run as a fundraiser since 1944 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA). They are a major part of the film industry's "awards season" which culminates each year with the Oscars and Screen Actors Guild Awards.

The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars and Grammys, and film studios solicit support from HFPA members and mention nominations and awards in their advertisements.

The Golden Globes are awarded early in the year, based on votes from (as of 2005) 86 mostly part-time journalists living in Hollywood and affiliated with media outside of the United States. Unlike the Academy Awards, for which the eligibility period begins January 1, the eligibility period for the Golden Globe Awards begins October 1. Unlike the Oscars, the Grammys, and the Emmys, the Golden Globe Awards is one of two major Hollywood awards ceremonies (the other being the Screen Actors Guild Awards) that does not have a regular host: there is a presenter every year who introduces the ceremony at the beginning of the broadcast. Meryl Streep, Angela Lansbury and Jack Nicholson hold the record for most Golden Globe wins with 6 each. Jack Lemmon holds the record for most nominations with 22, and Meryl Streep is second with 21. But, if we would include special awards (Henrietta Award - World Film Favorite Actor/Actress or Cecil B. DeMille Award) Barbra Streisand would win with 10 awards and behind her, Jack Nicholson with 7.

History

The first Golden Globes Awards were held in 1944 at the 20th Century Fox studios. It has since been held annually, at various locations throughout the next decade, notably the Beverly Hills Hotel, Hollywood Knickerbocker Club and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. It was during the early stages of the 1950s that the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special award that recognizes outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. To give importance to the award and recognize its subject as an international figure in the entertainment industry the award was presented to Cecil B. DeMille in 1952, the official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award. The award was then first presented to Walt Disney the following year.

The awards at the ceremony had typically been presented by journalists who were part of the association. However at the 1958 Golden Globes which was the first year of local telecast, in an impromptu action, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, and Sammy Davis, Jr. collectively known as the Rat Pack took flight to the stage, allegedly taking over the presenting with whiskey and cigarettes on hand. The action was met with great delight of the audience. The next year the association asked them to present the awards.

In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced, in its inaugural year; there were two Miss Golden Globes, one for film and one for television, respectively: Eva Six and Donna Douglas. In 1964, national telecast was distributed through a special segment on "The Andy Williams Show".

Indicating the impact that animated films have had on the industry, in early 2006, the Hollywood Foreign Press announced that a Golden Globe would be awarded for the Best Animated Feature starting in 2006 at the 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards. [cite news
url = http://www.animationmagazine.net/article.php?article_id=4980
first = Ryan
last = Ball
title = Golden Globes in Toon for ’07
publisher = Animation Magazine
date = 2006-01-30
accessdate = 2006-06-13
]

2008 disruption

On January 7, 2008 it was announced that, due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike, the 65th Annual Golden Globe Awards would not be telecast live. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event and by actors threatening to boycott the ceremony rather than cross picket lines. The Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast.

NBC originally had exclusive broadcast rights to the ceremonies, but on January 11 HFPA President Jorge Camara announced there would be no restrictions placed on media outlets covering the January 13 press conference announcing the winners at 6:00pm PST [ [http://www.goldenglobes.org/news/id/86 HFPA press release] ] . As a result, E!, CNN, the TV Guide Network, and KNBC-TV, the network's Los Angeles affiliate, aired the 31-minute event emanating from the Grand Ballroom of the Beverly Hilton Hotel live, leaving NBC to fill the hour from 9:00 - 10:00pm ET with announcements made after-the-fact by "Access Hollywood" hosts Billy Bush and Nancy O'Dell "The Watcher - All TV, all the time | Chicago Tribune" "Chicago Tribune", 2008, webpage: [http://featuresblogs.chicagotribune.com/entertainment_tv/2008/01/golden-globes.html chicagotribune-golden-globes] .] ("see results: Golden Globe winners").

The remaining hours of programming set aside for the ceremonies by the network were filled with a special two-hour edition of "Dateline" hosted by Matt Lauer that included film clips, interviews with some of the nominees, and commentary from comedienne Kathy Griffin and the panelists from "Football Night in America".

Award categories

Motion picture awards:

* Best Motion Picture - Drama
* Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy
* Best Director - Motion Picture
* Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
* Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
* Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama
* Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
* Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
* Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
* Best Screenplay
* Best Original Score
* Best Original Song
* Best Foreign Language Film
* Best Animated Feature (2006-present)
* Cecil B. DeMille Award for Lifetime Achievement in Motion Pictures.

Television awards: Awarded since 1956

* Best Drama
* Best Comedy or Musical
* Best Actor in a Television Drama Series
* Best Actor in a Television Comedy or Musical
* Best Actress in a Television Drama Series
* Best Actress in a Television Comedy or Musical
* Best Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television
* Best Actor in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television
* Best Actress in a Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television
* Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television
* Best Supporting Actress in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture made for Television

Retired awards:
* Best Documentary Film • Last awarded in 1977 at the 34th Annual Golden Globe Awards
* Best English-Language Foreign Film This award allowed British films, such as Laurence Olivier's "Hamlet", which was of course made in English, to be given their own category.
* New Star of the Year - Actor • Last awarded in 1983 at the 40th Annual Golden Globe Awards
* New Star of the Year - Actress • Last awarded in 1983 at the 40th Annual Golden Globe Awards
* Henrietta Award (World Film Favorite - Female) • Awarded from 1950 to 1979 [ [http://www.thegoldenglobes.com/welcome.html?listings/cat_henrietta_y.html Listing of Henrietta Award winners] ]
* Henrietta Award (World Film Favorite - Male) • Awarded from 1950 to 1979

ee also

* List of Golden Globe Award ceremonies
* List of Golden Globe Awards winners
* List of Golden Globe Award winning films
* 65th Golden Globe Awards

References

External links

* [http://www.hfpa.org/ Hollywood Foreign Press Association]
* [http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Golden_Globes_USA/ Awards listing] at the Internet Movie Database


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