alt moy=485 m
alt mini=448 m
alt maxi=1,145 m
Sisteron (Occitan: "Sisteron" in classical norm or "Sisteroun" in Mistralian norm) a commune in the
Alpes-de-Haute-Provencedepartment in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azurregion in southeastern France. The inhabitants are called the 'Sisteronnais'.
Sisteron is situated on the banks of the River
Durancejust after the confluences of the rivers Buëchand Sasse. It is sometimes called the 'Porte de la Provence' (The Gateway to Provence) because it is in a narrow gap between two long mountain ridges (Baume/Gache and the Lure mountain/Moulard).
It is 135 km from
Marseille, also 135 km from Grenoble, 180 km from Niceand 40 km from Forcalquier.
Sisteron has been inhabited for 4000 years. The Romans used the route through Sisteron as can be shown by a Latin inscription in the rocks near the road to Authon. It escaped the barbarian invasions after the fall of
Rome, but was ravaged by the Saracens. It was first fortified by the Counts of Forcalquierin the 11th centuryand later was the northern boundary of the domain of the Counts of Provence. In 1483during the reign of Louis XI, Sisteron re-joined the kingdom of France. Around this time there were seven plagues that killed two thirds of the population. Between 1562and 1594the town and its citadelle was fought over by Protestantsand Catholicsincluding two sieges. During this time the walls of the town were built. The plague returned in 1630, and typhus in 1744, killing many of the town's population.
French Revolutionthe town remained Royalist. Consequently when Napoleon arrived on his march north after his escape from Elbain 1815, the town ignored him and let him through.
15 August 1944French B-26 Marauderbombers and American B-17 Flying Fortresses of the 42nd Bomber Wing tried to destroy the railway bridge and the road bridge which span the Durance. The weather was unfavorable and the bridges were not destroyed. A bomber during a manoeuvre to avoid a collision accidentally dropped several bombs on the town. including a full church, causing about 100 fatalities and seriously damaged the citadel. On August 17, the French aircraft returned and destroyed the bridges.
Johannes, the first known
Bishop of Sisteron, appears early in the sixth century. Owing to the ungracious reception accorded Bishop Gérard by the Chapter of Sisteron, the bishops of that see remained at Forcalquierfrom 1061 to 1169 and, until the time of the Revolution, the church at Forcalquier bore the title of cathedral. Laffittau, the Jesuit who was an agent of Cardinal Dubois, and also an historian, occupied the see of Sisteron from 1719 to 1764.
Concordat of 1801, the diocese of Dignewas made to include: the two departments of Hautes-Alpesand Basses-Alpes, in addition to the former diocese of Digne; the Archdiocese of Embrun; the diocese of Gap, diocese of Sisteronand diocese of Senez; a very considerable part of the diocese of Glandèvesand diocese of Riez; and fourteen parishes in the Archdiocese of Aixand the diocese of Apt. In 1822 Gap was made an episcopal see and, thus divested of the department of the Hautes Alpes, the present Diocese of Digne covers the territory formerly included in the dioceses of Digne, Senez, Glandèves, Riez, and Sisteron.
The town has several important buildings including the citadel and the 12th century former
Sisteron Cathedraldedicated to the Blessed Virgin Maryand Saint Thyrsus("Cathédrale Notre Dame des Pommiers et Saint Thyrse").
Many tourists also visit the town because of its climate (300 days of sunshine each year), quaint narrow streets, the beautiful surrounding countryside, its lido and the airfields at
Vaumeilh, Motte du Caireand Château-Arnoux-Saint-Aubanwhich are dedicated to the sport of gliding. There is an annual festival with many events throughout the summer months. There is a market every Wednesday. A long distance walk, the GR 6("Grande Randonnée") passes east-west through Sisteron.
Sisteron is served by the A51
autoroute, which now by-passes the town, eliminating it as a notorious 'bottle-neck' for traffic. There is also a railway station on the line from Marseilleto Briançonand Grenoble.
Paul Arène( 1843- 1896) was born in the town.
Louis Antoine Jullien( 1812- 1860), popular music conductor and composer of light music, was born in Sisteron [cite book |last= Faul |first= Michel |title= Louis Jullien, musique,spectacle et folie au XIXe siècle |publisher= Atlantica |year= 2006 |id = ISBN 2-35165-038-7 ] [ [http://louisjullien.site.voila.fr Louis Antoine Jullien] ]
*fr icon [http://www.sisteron.com/ Town of Sisteron council]
*fr icon [http://www.tourisme.fr/office-de-tourisme/sisteron.htm Additional town information]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Sisteron — Sisteron … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sisteron — Escudo … Wikipedia Español
SISTERON — SISTERON, town in the Basses Alpes department, S.E. France. After marseilles , arles , and tarascon , Sisteron was the fourth place in Provence where Jews settled. At the beginning of the 13th century there was a popular uprising in which 80 Jews … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Sisteron — [sistə rɔ̃], Stadt im Département Alpes de Haute Provence, Frankreich, an einer malerischen Engstelle des Durancetals (Kluse von Sisteron) gelegen, 6 600 Einwohner. Sisteron wird von einer mittelalterlichen Burg überragt … Universal-Lexikon
Sisteron — (spr. Sisterong), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Nieder Alpen; 16,25 QM., 28,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt desselben, am Buech u. Durance; Kathedrale, Citadelle, Handel mit Wein u. Mandeln; 4500 Ew … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Sisteron — (spr. ßist róng), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Niederalpen, 483–518 m ü. M., am Fuß eines hohen Felsens und am rechten Ufer der Durance, die hier den Buech aufnimmt, an der Mittelmeerbahn, hat eine ausgelassene Zitadelle, Reste… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Sisteron — Sisteron, localidad de Francia en el departamento de Alpes de alta Provenza (Alpes de l’haute Provence) está situada en el límite norte de Provenza. Tiene 8000 habitantes, está situada en la orilla del río Duranza (Durance), a 485 m sobre el… … Enciclopedia Universal
sisteron — SISTERON, ville episcopale en Provence, Sistaricum. Inde Sistaricensis Episcopatus … Thresor de la langue françoyse
Sisteron — 44° 11′ 28″ N 5° 56′ 50″ E / 44.1911111111, 5.94722222222 … Wikipédia en Français
Sisteron — Original name in latin Sisteron Name in other language Segustero, Sisteron, shisutoron, xi si te long, Систерон, Сістерон State code FR Continent/City Europe/Paris longitude 44.18758 latitude 5.94623 altitude 487 Population 7605 Date 2012 01 18 … Cities with a population over 1000 database