Massimo Troisi


Massimo Troisi
Massimo Troisi
Born 19 February 1953(1953-02-19)
San Giorgio a Cremano, Naples, Campania, Italy
Died 4 June 1994(1994-06-04) (aged 41)
Ostia, Rome, Italy
Years active 1977–1994

Massimo Troisi (19 February 1953 – 4 June 1994) was an Italian actor, film director, and poet. He is best known for his role as Mario Ruoppolo in the 1994 film Il Postino.

Contents

Early years and TV star

Troisi was born into a large family in San Giorgio a Cremano, a town near Naples. His father was a train engineer. Some of his family experiences were later told in his first movies. After high school, Troisi wrote some poems inspired by his favourite author, Pier Paolo Pasolini, and, in 1969, started to play in a small local theatre together with some childhood friends (including Lello Arena and Enzo Decaro). The early death of his mother condemned Troisi to a harsh period of activity, which is said to have had a role in the development of his increasingly serious heart problems which were brought on during his teenage years from bouts of rheumatic fever. (In 1976 he had to visit the United States for a heart valve operation, the expenses for which were paid with the help of his friends.)

Troisi started his artistic career as a cabaret showman in 1972, as a member of the comic trio called "I Saraceni" ("The Saracens") and, later, "La Smorfia" (from the name of the "book of the numbers" traditionally used in Naples for lottery and tombola, but also meaning "the face", as in "to make a face"). His mates were De Caro and Arena. They gained national fame on the radio and increased it consistently from 1977 onwards eventually becoming TV stars with the shows Non Stop, La sberla (1978) and Luna Park (1979). Troisi soon gained the status of leader of the trio. He was noted for his use of facial mimicry and of apparently confused speech—in these he drew inspiration from such famous figures of Neapolitan comedy as Totò, and Eduardo and Peppino De Filippo.

Cinema

Troisi wrote, directed, and starred in his first film, Ricomincio da tre ("I Start Over from Three") in 1981. He achieved wide success and critical praise, establishing himself as one of the most talented new Italian directors of the 1980s. Like his second movie, Ricomincio da tre is centered on the troublesome love life of a Neapolitan character, partly inspired by Troisi's youth, as well as featuring Lello Arena. Scusate il ritardo, similar to the preceding one, was released in 1983.

Troisi starred opposite Roberto Benigni in Non ci resta che piangere (1985), in which they play two friends who are accidentally transported back in time to the 15th century; there they meet Leonardo da Vinci and, upon realising which age they are in, travel to Spain to try to stop Christopher Columbus from discovering the Americas.

After some small acting roles, in 1987 Troisi directed Le vie del Signore sono finite, set during the Fascist era. The movie won a Silver Ribbon for best screenplay. In the following years, he starred alongside Marcello Mastroianni, in Ettore Scola's Splendor (1988), Che ora è? (1989) and Il viaggio di Capitan Fracassa (1990). His last movie as director (also as screenwriter and actor) was Pensavo fosse amore, invece era un calesse (1991), again centering on the every day difficulties of love between a man and a woman (portrayed by Francesca Neri).

Il Postino

Troisi came to international fame through the success of Il Postino, directed by Michael Radford. Troisi died in 1994 of a heart attack in his sister's house in Ostia (Rome) twelve hours after the main filming on Il Postino had finished. It was reported that he postponed surgery to complete the film.[1]

He was posthumously nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role, becoming one of only seven actors to be posthumously nominated for an acting Academy Award. (The others were Jeanne Eagels, James Dean, Spencer Tracy, Peter Finch, Sir Ralph Richardson, and Heath Ledger.)

A good friend of the musician and singer Pino Daniele (who wrote most of the soundtracks for his movies), he wrote lyrics for his music or adapted his poetry for it. Eduardo De Filippo, father of Neapolitan theatre of the 20th century, said of him that he was a comic actor of the future, but with his roots in the past.

Filmography

Director

  • Ricomincio da tre (1981)
  • Morto Troisi, viva Troisi! (1982, TV special)
  • Scusate il ritardo (1983)
  • Non ci resta che piangere (1984, with Roberto Benigni)
  • Le vie del Signore sono finite (1987)
  • Pensavo fosse amore, invece era un calesse (1991)

Screenwriter

  • Ricomincio da tre (1981)
  • Morto Troisi, viva Troisi! (1982)
  • Scusate il ritardo (1983)
  • Non ci resta che piangere (1984)
  • Le vie del Signore sono finite (1987)
  • Pensavo fosse amore, invece era un calesse (1991)
  • Il Postino (1994)

Actor

  • Ricomincio da tre (1981)
  • Morto Troisi, viva Troisi! (1982)
  • No grazie, il caffè mi rende nervoso (1982)
  • Scusate il ritardo (1983)
  • F.F.S.S., cioè.. che mi hai portato a fare sopra a Posillipo se non mi vuoi più bene? (1983)
  • Non ci resta che piangere (1984)
  • Hotel Colonial (1986)
  • Le vie del Signore sono finite (1987)
  • Splendor (1988)
  • Che ora è? (1989)
  • Il viaggio di Capitan Fracassa (1990)
  • Pensavo fosse amore, invece era un calesse (1991)
  • Il Postino (1994)

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Massimo Troisi — (né le 19 février 1953 à San Giorgio a Cremano, dans la province de Naples en Campanie mort le 4 juin 1994 à Ostie) était un acteur, réalisateur, scénariste et metteur en scène de théâtre italien. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Acteur metteur en scène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Massimo Troisi — Nacimiento San Giorgio a Cremano, Nápoles, Italia 19 de febrero de 1953 Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Massimo Troisi — (* 19. Februar 1953 in Neapel; † 4. Juni 1994 in Rom) war ein italienischer Schauspieler, Regisseur und Autor. Leben Er begann seine Karriere mit 15 Jahren am Theater. Mit seinen Freunden Enzo Decaro und Lello Arena gründete er 1969 eine eigene… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Massimo Troisi — Cineasta italiano: director, actor y guionista cinematográfico. Nacido en San Giorgio a Cremano (Nápoles) el 19 de febrero de 1953, fallecido en Ostia (Roma) el 4 de junio de 1994. Massimo Troisi nace en un pequeño pueblecito cercano a Nápoles en …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Troisi, Massimo — (1953 1994)    Actor, screenwriter, director. One of the most genial and popular directors of the so called New Italian Cinema, Troisi came to films after many years of cabaret and amateur theater. He began his brief career in the late 1960s… …   Guide to cinema

  • Troisi, Massimo — (1953 1994)    Actor, screenwriter, director. One of the most genial and popular directors of the so called New Italian Cinema, Troisi came to films after many years of cabaret and amateur theater. He began his brief career in the late 1960s… …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

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