Pied Oystercatcher

Pied Oystercatcher

Taxobox
name = Pied Oystercatcher
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1



regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Charadriiformes
familia = Haematopodidae
genus = Haematopus
species = "H. longirostris"
binomial = "Haematopus longirostris"
binomial_authority = Vieillot, 1817

:"This species is not to be confused with the Eurasian oystercatcher (a.k.a. "common pied oystercatcher")."

The Pied Oystercatcher, "Haematopus longirostris", is a species of oystercatcher. It is a wading bird native to Australia and commonly found on its coastline. The similar South Island Pied Oystercatcher ("H. finschi") occurs in New Zealand.

Description

The name "oystercatcher" is something of a misnomer for this species, because they seldom eat oysters, which are found mainly on rocky coastlines. Pied Oystercatchers frequent sandy coastines, where they feed mainly on bivalve molluscs, which are prised apart with their specially adapted bill.

This Australian species is easily recognized by the characteristic 5–8 cm long orange-red beak, slender pink legs and black and white plumage. With the wings extended, a white wing-stripe is also visible. The male and female show little differentiation, except that the males generally sport a shorter, wider beak.

Habits

Pied Oystercatchers feed mainly on bivalve molluscs, but also take other invertebrates. The techniques they use to break open the shells of the molluscs vary greatly and are thought to be learned behavior.

They nest in shallow scrapes made in open areas near the shore and produce 2-3 eggs in a typical clutch. Each couple protects its nesting area and often uses the same area year after year. Like the gulls they share the shore with, Oystercatchers will band together to mob a perceived threat.

Conservation Status

The Pied Oystercatcher is considered Federally to be 'secure' and in NSW, Australia is listed as 'vulnerable'.

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* http://birdsinbackyards.net/finder/display.cfm?id=92 Bird Finder.

External links

* [http://www.amonline.net.au/factsheets/pied_oystercatcher.htm Australian Museum fact sheet]


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См. также в других словарях:

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  • Australian pied oystercatcher — australinė jūršarkė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Haematopus longirostris angl. Australian pied oystercatcher vok. Australischer Austernfischer, m pranc. huîtrier à long bec, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – jūršarkės …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

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  • oystercatcher — noun /ˈɔɪstə.ˌkætʃə/lang=en Any of several black or pied coastal wading birds in the genus Haematopus that have a long red or orange bill and feed on shellfish …   Wiktionary

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  • Eurasian Oystercatcher — Conservation status Least Concern …   Wikipedia

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