- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
Edited by William Smith, the dictionary spans three volumes and 3,700 pages. It is a classic work of 19th-century lexicography. The work is a companion to Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography.
The work lists thirty-five authors in addition to the editor, who is also an author for some definitions and articles. The authors were classical scholars, primarily from Oxford, Cambridge, the Rugby School, and the University of Bonn, but some were from other institutions. Many of the mythological entries were the work of the German expatriate Leonhard Schmitz, who helped to popularise German classical scholarship in Britain.
With respect to biographies, Smith intended to be comprehensive. In the preface, he writes:
- "The biographical articles in this work include the names of all persons of any importance which occur in the Greek and Roman writers, from the earliest times down to the extinction of the Western Empire in the year 476 of our era, and to the extinction of the Eastern Empire by the capture of Constantinople by the turks in the year 1453."
Many of the Dictionary's definitions and articles have been referred to in more recent works, and Robert Graves has been accused of "lifting his impressive-looking source references straight, and unchecked" from it when writing The Greek Myths.
The work is now in the public domain, and is available in several places on the Internet. While still largely accurate when it states something (only rarely has the ancient text cited changed), much is missing, especially more recent discoveries (like Aristotle's Constitution of the Athenians, or the decipherment of Linear B) and epigraphic material; perhaps more seriously, the context in which ancient evidence is viewed has often changed in the intervening century and a half.
These are the volume divisions for the 1867 publication by Little, Brown, and Company of Boston, Ma., Edited by William Smith LL.D. This publication came in three volumes.:
- Vol. I : Abaeus – Dysponteus
- Vol. II : Ea'rinus, Fla'vius – Nyx
- Vol. III : Oarses – Zygia and Zygius
- ^ a b Nick Lowe (20 December 2005). "Killing the Graves myth". Times Online (London). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/the_tls/tls_selections/classics/article2305623.ece. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology Vol 1 online at University of Michigan Library (Entries: Abaeus – Dysponteus)
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology Vol 2 online at University of Michigan Library (Entries: Ea'rinus, Fla'vius – Nyx)
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology Vol 3 online at University of Michigan Library (Entries: Oarses – Zygia and Zygius)
Also the Internet Archive archive has a derivative work:
- Smith, William (1853). A new classical dictionary of biography, mythology, and geography, partly based on the "Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology.". London: Murray. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924091208342.
- Anthon, Charles; Smith, William (1860). A new classical dictionary of Greek and Roman biography, mythology and geography: partly based upon the Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology by William Smith (1860). New York: Harper and Brothers. http://www.archive.org/details/newclassicaldict00anthiala.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology — Das Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology ist ein englischsprachiges biographisches Lexikon zu Personen der griechischen und römischen Geschichte des Altertums. Es wurde 1849 von William Smith herausgegeben und erschien zuvor… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology — A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (en español, Diccionario de biografías y mitología griega y romana ) es una enciclopedia y diccionario biográfico, publicado en 1849, en inglés. Fue editado por Sir William Smith y ocupa… … Wikipedia Español
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography — Title page to the 1856 edition of The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, vol. 1. The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, first published in 1854, was the last of a series of classical dictionaries edited by the English scholar William… … Wikipedia
Religion and mythology — differ, but have overlapping aspects. Both terms refer to systems of concepts that are of high importance to a certain community, making statements concerning the supernatural or sacred. Generally, mythology is considered one component or aspect… … Wikipedia
Greek mythology — Bust of Zeus, Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio Clementino, Vatican) Topics in Greek mythology Gods … Wikipedia
Greek Anthology — The Greek Anthology (also called Anthologia Graeca or, sometimes, the Palatine Anthology ) is a collection of poems, mostly epigrams, that span the classical and Byzantine periods of Greek literature.While papyri containing fragments of… … Wikipedia
Mythology — For other uses, see Mythology (disambiguation), and Myth (disambiguation). Prometheus (1868) by Gustave Moreau. The myth of Prometheus, first attested by Hesiodus, later became the basis of a trilogy of tragedy plays, possibly by Aeschylus,… … Wikipedia
Greek military junta of 1967–1974 — Regime of the Colonels redirects here. For the generic usage as a term for military rule, see military junta. For the Polish regime of colonels, see Piłsudski s colonels. For other uses, see Colonels regime. History of Greece … Wikipedia
\@Vampire Mythology: Bibliography — [↑] @Vampire Mythology Abbott, George Frederick. Macedonian Folklore. Cambridge, MA: University Press, 1903. Abrahams, Roger D. The ManofWords in the West Indies: Performance and the Emergence of Creole Culture. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins… … Encyclopedia of vampire mythology
Genius (mythology) — Winged genius facing a woman with a tambourine and mirror, from southern Italy, about 320 BC. In ancient Roman religion, the genius was the individual instance of a general divine nature that is present in every individual person, place or… … Wikipedia