Rzhev ( _ru. Ржев) is the uppermost town situated on the
Volga River. It is located in Tver Oblastof Western Russia, 49 km southwest of Staritsaand 126 km from Tver, on the highway and railway connecting Moscowand Riga. The second largest city in the oblast, Rzhev has 63,729 inhabitants (2002). air base during the Cold War.
Toropetsas the oldest town of the region. Rzhevians usually point out that their town is mentioned in the Novgorod laws as early as 1019. Their neighbours from Toropets, on the other hand, give more credence to Rzhev's first mention in a major chronicle under 1216, when it was in possession of Mstislav the Bold, Prince of Toropets. Whatever the truth may be, it is clear that medieval Rzhev was bitterly contested by three regional powers—the Republic of Novgorod, the Princedom of Smolensk, and the Grand Princedom of Vladimir-Suzdal.
Following the Mongol invasion, Rzhev passed to a lateral branch of the Smolensk dynasty, which made the town its capital. Later the princes divided the town in two parts, which are still called the Prince-Dmitry's Side and Prince-Theodor's Side. In the mid-14th century, they had a hard time repelling attacks from
Algirdasof Lithuaniaand Grand Princes of Tver, which bought all the villages around the town. Finally, they left for Moscow, where their descendants (the Rzhevsky family) have become comic characters of many an anecdote. In the meantime, the town was occupied for a short space by Tver, Poland-Lithuania, and finally by Muscovy.
In the 18th century, local merchants, mainly of
Old Believerconfession, brought a great measure of prosperity to the town. This was disrupted by the Russian Revolution and the bloody and inconclusive Battles of Rzhev(1942) which all but wiped out the town. More than one sixth of the population was sent off to forced labor in Germanyduring the Nazi occupation and some 9,000 citizens were shot, starved or tortured to death in a concentration campset up in the center of town.
"In the town of Rzhev there is a concentration camp with fifteen thousand captured Red Army soldiers in it and five thousand civilians," noted a smuggled report of December 1941. "They are holding them in unheated huts, and they feed them one or two frozen potatoes each a day. The Germans threw rotten meat and some bones through the barbed wire at the prisoners. This had made them ill. Every day 20-30 people are dying. The ones who are too ill to work are shot." (Ivan's War by Catherine Merridale - quote from the Center for the Documentation of Contemporary History, Smolensk Oblast)
Almost no old architecture survived the ravages of the Second World War.
Rzhev has been hard hit by an outbreak of
hepatitis Aassociated with breakdown of sewage treatmentand water purificationfacilities. Vaccinationis advised for travelers and is being given to workers in the food catering industry.Fact|date=February 2007
Rzhev produces most of the cranes used in constructing
apartment buildings and shopping malls in Moscow.
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Rzhev — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ржев Rzhev Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Rzhev — Rjev Rjev Ржев … Wikipédia en Français
Rzhev — Original name in latin Rzhev Name in other language RZHEV, Raesevae, Rjev, Rschew, Rshew, Rzeu, Rzev, Rzew, Rzhev, Rzjev, Rsev Rev, Rew, Rev, РЖЕВ, Ржев, Ржэў State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 56.26241 latitude 34.32817… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Rzhev — Stadt Rschew Ржев Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rzhev — ▪ Russia also spelled Ržev city, Tver oblast (region), northwestern Russia. It lies along the upper Volga River at the crossing of the Moscow Riga and St. Petersburg–Bryansk trunk railways. First mentioned in 1216 as an independent… … Universalium
Rzhev (air base) — Infobox Airport name = Rzhev nativename = nativename a = nativename r = image width = caption = IATA = ICAO = type = Military owner = operator = Russian Air Force city served = location = Rzhev elevation f = 636 elevation m = 194 coordinates =… … Wikipedia
Battles of Rzhev — Rzhev Battles ( ru. Ржевская битва) is a general term for a series of World War II offensives launched during January 8, 1942 mdash;March 22, 1943 by Soviet forces in the general directions of Rzhev, Sychevka and Vyazma against a German salient… … Wikipedia
Seconde offensive Rzhev-Sychevka — Opération Mars Le Front oriental au moment des Opérations Mars, Jupiter, Saturne et Uranus La seconde offensive de Rjev Sytchiovka (en russe : Вторая Ржевско Сычёвская операция) ou opération Mars (операция «Марс») … Wikipédia en Français
Seconde offensive de Rzhev-Sychevka — Opération Mars Le Front oriental au moment des Opérations Mars, Jupiter, Saturne et Uranus La seconde offensive de Rjev Sytchiovka (en russe : Вторая Ржевско Сычёвская операция) ou opération Mars (операция «Марс») … Wikipédia en Français
Seconde offensive de rzhev-sychevka — Opération Mars Le Front oriental au moment des Opérations Mars, Jupiter, Saturne et Uranus La seconde offensive de Rjev Sytchiovka (en russe : Вторая Ржевско Сычёвская операция) ou opération Mars (операция «Марс») … Wikipédia en Français