- FIFA World Cup Trophy
The World Cup is a
gold trophythat is awarded to the winners of the FIFA World Cup. Since the advent of the World Cup in 1930, two trophies have represented victory: the Jules Rimet Trophy from 1930 to 1970, and the FIFA World Cup Trophy from 1974 to the present day.
The Jules Rimet Trophy, originally named "Victory", but later renamed in honour of former
FIFApresident Jules Rimet, was made of gold plated sterling silverand lapis lazuliand depicted Nike, the Greek goddess of victory. Brazil won the trophy outright in 1970, prompting the commissioning of a replacement. The Jules Rimet Trophy was stolen in 1983 and never recovered.
The replacement trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, was first used in 1974. Made of 18 carat gold with a
malachitebase, it depicts two human figures holding up the Earth. The current holders of the trophy are Italy, winners of the 2006 World Cup.
Jules Rimet Trophy
The Jules Rimet Trophy was the original prize for winning the World Cup. Originally called "Victory", but generally known simply as the "World Cup" or "Coupe du Monde", it was officially renamed in 1946 to honour the
FIFA President Jules Rimetwho in 1929 passed a vote to initiate the competition. Designed by Abel Lafleurand made of gold plated sterling silveron a blue base of lapis lazuli, it stood 35 centimetres (14 in) high and weighed 3.8 kilograms (8.4 lb). [cite web| author = FIFA | title = Jules Rimet Cup | url = http://fifaworldcup.yahoo.com/06/en/p/h/rimet.html | year = | accessdate = 2006-07-05 | publisher = fifaworldcup.com ] It comprised an octagonal cup, supported by a winged figure representing Nike, the ancient Greek goddess of victory. The Jules Rimet Trophy was taken to Uruguayfor the first FIFA World Cupaboard the "Conte Verde", which set sail from Villefranche-sur-Mer, just south of Nice, on 21 June 1930. This was the same ship that carried Jules Rimet and the footballers representing France, Romania and Belgium who were participating in the tournament that year. The first team to be awarded the trophy were Uruguay, the winners of the 1930 World Cup.
World War II, the trophy was held by 1938 winners Italy. Ottorino Barassi, the Italian vice-president of FIFAand president of FIGC, secretly transported the trophy from a bank in Romeand hid it in a shoe-box under his bed to prevent the Nazis from taking it. [cite web| author = DDI News | title = History | url = http://www.ddinews.com/FIFA/FIFA%20World%20Cup%20history | year = 2006 | accessdate = 2006-07-05 | publisher = ddinews.com ]
On 20 March 1966, four months before the
1966 FIFA World Cupin England, the trophy was stolen during a public exhibition at Westminster Central Hall. The trophy was found just seven days later wrapped in newspaper at the bottom of a suburban garden hedge in Upper Norwood, South London, by a dog named Pickles. [cite news | first=ALASTAIR | last=REID | coauthors= | title=The World Cup | date= 1966-09-10| publisher= | url =http://www.newyorker.com/archive/content/articles/060703fr_archive01 | work =The New Yorker | pages = | accessdate = 2007-02-02 | language = ]
As a security measure,
The Football Associationsecretly manufactured a replica of the trophy for use in the post-match celebrations. The replica was also used on subsequent occasions until 1970. The replica was sold at an auction in 1997 for £254,500, when it was purchased by FIFA. The high auction price, several times the reserve price of £20,000-£30,000, led to speculation that the auctioned trophy was not a replica, and was in fact genuine. [cite web| author = Simon Kuper | title = Solid gold mystery awaits the final whistle | url = http://www.ft.com/cms/s/87e8256e-cbcc-11da-a7bf-0000779e2340.html | year =2006 | accessdate = 2006-07-05 | publisher = Financial Times ] Subsequent to the auction, FIFA arranged for the replica to be displayed at the English National Football Museumin Preston.
The Brazilian team won the tournament for the third time in 1970, allowing them to keep the real trophy in perpetuity, as had been stipulated by Jules Rimet in 1930. [cite web| author = Mark Buckingham | title = 1970 World Cup - Mexico | url = http://home.skysports.com/worldcup/historyarticle.aspx?hlid=373674 | year = 2006 | accessdate = 2006-10-02 | publisher = Sky Sports ] However, the cup was stolen again on 19 December 1983, when it was taken from a display at the
Brazilian Football Confederationheadquarters in Rio de Janeiro. The trophy was kept in a cabinet with a front of bullet-proof glass, but a rear made of wood was pried open with a crowbar. [cite book
first = Alex
year = 2003
title = Futebol: The Brazilian Way of Life
publisher = Bloomsbury
location = London
id = ISBN 0-7475-6179-6
pages = 342] The trophy was never recovered, which suggests it may have been melted down. Four men were eventually tried and convicted in absentia for the crime. The Confederation commissioned a replica of their own, made by
Eastman Kodak, using 1.8 kg (3.97 lb) of gold. This replica was presented to the Brazilian president in 1984. [cite web| author = Associated Press | title = Trophy as filled with history as Cup | url = http://media.cnnsi.com/soccer/world/2002/world_cup/news/2002/06/25/trophy_ap/ | year = 2006 | accessdate = 2006-07-05 | publisher = CNN ]
FIFA World Cup Trophy
The replacement trophy was first presented at the
1974 FIFA World Cup, to West Germany captain Franz Beckenbauer. Designed by Silvio Gazzanigaand produced by Bertoni, Milano, it stands 36.5 centimetres (14.4 inches) tall and is made of 5 kg (11 lb) of 18 carat (75%) solid gold with a base (13 centimetres [5.1 inches] in diameter) containing two layers of malachite. The trophy, which weighs 6.175 kg (13.6 lb) in total, depicts two human figures holding up the Earth.
The trophy has the visible engravement "FIFA World Cup" in outpouring letters at its base. The name of the country whose national team wins each tournament is engraved in the bottom side of the trophy, and therefore is not visible when the trophy is standing upright. The text states the year in figures and the name of winning nation in English, [cite web |url=http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-07/09/content_4809472.htm |title=Facts about FIFA World Cup Trophy |publisher=Xinhua |accessdate=2008-06-08] for example "— 2002 Brazil". As of 2006 nine winners have been engraved on the base. It is not known whether FIFA will retire the trophy after all of the name plaques at the base are filled in; this will not occur until after the 2038 World Cup at the earliest.
FIFA's regulations now state that the trophy, unlike its predecessor, cannot be won outright: the winners of the tournament receive a replica (gold plated rather than solid gold). [cite web| author = FIFA | title = Trophy | url = http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/marketingtv/marketing/fifaassets/trophy.html | year = | accessdate = 2007-10-16 | publisher = fifa.com ]
Shortly before the
2006 FIFA World Cupin Germany, the trophy was briefly returned to Italy for restoration before eventually being awarded to the same country. On 14 July 2006 it was reported that The World Cup Trophy appeared to have been broken after being in Italy's hands for only a few days. Fabio Cannavaro, Italy's captain, was photographed holding a piece of green malachite that had broken off the base, which was subsequently glued back into place. [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2006/07/14/wcup14.xml 'World Cup suffers at hands of the winners'] , Daily Telegraph, 14 July 2006.]
Jules Rimet Trophy
FIFA World Cup Trophy
* [http://observer.guardian.co.uk/sport/story/0,,1759464,00.html The story of the 1966 theft] "
* [http://www.fifa.com/infoplus/IP-401_07A_Trophies.pdf FIFA Trophies (PDF)]
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