Indonesian Canadian

Indonesian Canadian
Indonesian Canadians
Total population
14,320 (2006)[1]
Regions with significant populations

Indonesian, English, Dutch[3]


Christianity, Islam[4]

Indonesian Canadians are Canadian of Indonesian descent and are one of the smaller Asian minorities in Canada.



In the early post-World War II period, most migrants from Indonesia to Canada were Indo people of mixed Dutch and pribumi ancestry. Many did not come directly from Indonesia, but rather went to the Netherlands and then re-migrated due to racial prejudice they faced there. Community members believe that perhaps 3,000 live in the Ontario area.[5] These migrants tend to be fluent in Dutch, and may also speak Indonesian, or more commonly Indonesian-based trade languages. However, Indonesians of Chinese descent formed the main group in the stream of migration which began in the late 1960s and early 1970s.[3] They have come to comprise an estimated 80% of Canada's population of Indonesian background. Most do not speak any variety of Chinese.[6]

7,610 respondents to the 1991 census stated their place of birth as "Indonesia".[7] Around half of those were settled in the Greater Toronto Area.[2] Data from the 2006 Census suggested that 14,320 people of Indonesian ethnic origin reside in Canada (3,225 single responses, 11,095 in combination with other responses), primarily in Ontario (6,325, or 44%), British Columbia (4,640, or 32%), and Alberta (1,920, or 13%).[1]


More than half of Indonesian Canadians are believed to be Christians, with roughly equal numbers of Catholics and Protestants. In contrast, although Islam is Indonesia's majority religion, Muslims are estimated to make up only about 10% of Indonesian Canadians. An Indonesian Catholic congregation, the Ummat Katholik Indonesia, has been meeting in the Toronto area since 1979; it was first headed by a Dutch priest who had previously lived in Indonesia, and later by a Javanese theology student from the University of Toronto. An inter-demoninational Protestant fellowship, the Indonesian Christian Fellowship, also emerged in Toronto in the 1980s.[6]

Community organisations

The first Indonesian community organisations in Canada, the Indonesian-Canadian Association and the Canadian-Indonesian Society, were founded in 1969 in Toronto and Vancouver, respectively. Indonesian consuls' wives also set up branches of Dharma Wanita, a women's group, in various cities. A credit union, Indoka (Indonesian Credit Union) was established in the early 1970s. A group of Muslim and Christian women formed Sanggar Budaya (Culture Workshop), a dance and music group, a few years later.[8] There is also an Indonesian Catholic Organisation comprising mainly ethnic Chinese, as well as INCASEC (Indonesian Canadian Senior Citizens).[9]

Notable people


  1. ^ a b Census 2006
  2. ^ a b Nagata 1988, p. 116
  3. ^ a b Schryer 1998, p. 157
  4. ^ Nagata 1999, p. 725
  5. ^ Schryer 1998, p. 155
  6. ^ a b Nagata 1999, p. 724
  7. ^ Nagata 1999, p. 722
  8. ^ Nakata 1998, p. 723
  9. ^ Schryer 1998, p. 158


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indonesian names — and naming customs reflect the multicultural and the polyglot nature of a nation which is an archipelago of over 17,000 islands. It is the world s fourth most populous nation comprising about 365 tribal ethnic groups, making it unrivaled in terms …   Wikipedia

  • Indonesian Australian — Indonesian Australians Total population 50,975 (2006, by country of birth)[1] 35,941 (2006, by ancestry)[2] Regions with significant populations …   Wikipedia

  • Indonesian mountain weasel — Conservation status Endangered (IUCN 3.1)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian nationality law — Immigration to Canada This article is part of a series Topics Canadians …   Wikipedia

  • Indonesian occupation of East Timor — East Timor is located at the end of the Indonesian archipelago, 400 miles (640km) northwest of Darwin, Australia. History of East Timor …   Wikipedia

  • Indonesian cuisine — See also: List of Indonesian dishes Example of Indonesian Sundanese meal; roasted fish, nasi timbel (rice wrapped in banana leaf), fried chicken, sambal, fried tempeh and tofu, and sayur asem; the bowl of water with lime is kobokan …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian cuisine — A small sampling of Canadian foods. Top to bottom, left to right: Montreal style smoked meat, Maple syrup, Canadian peameal bacon, Butter tart, Poutine, Nanaimo bar …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Newsmaker of the Year — This article is about the honour awarded by the Canadian Press. For the honour awarded by Time, see Canadian Newsmaker of the Year (Time). The Canadian Newsmaker of the Year is a title awarded by the Canadian Press (CP) annually since 1946,… …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian pioneers in early Hollywood — Motion pictures have been a part of the culture of Canada since the beginning. Contents 1 History 2 List of Canadian film pioneers in Hollywood 3 Canadian scene in Hollywood 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese Canadian — Chinese Canadians …   Wikipedia