Omarama


Omarama
Omarama
Motto: The Place of Light
Omarama is located in New Zealand
Omarama
Coordinates: 44°29′0″S 169°58′0″E / 44.483333°S 169.966667°E / -44.483333; 169.966667
Country New Zealand
Region Canterbury
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 - Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)

Omarama is a small township (population 231 at 2006 census) at the junction of State Highways 8 and 83, near the southern end of the Mackenzie Basin, in the South Island of New Zealand. Omarama is in the Waitaki District, in the historic Province of Otago. The Ahuriri River is a short distance to the north of the township.

Contents

Omarama is primarily a rural service centre, providing local farmers and other residents with necessities and facilities such as grocery shopping, fuel and mechanical services, as well as a post shop.

In more recent years these and similar services have expanded moderately, due to the increase in new residents and visitors, including anglers, artists, astronomers, sailplane enthusiasts, skiers and general tourists.

Services and facilities for backpackers alone have greatly expanded, with numerous hostels, lodges and homestays within the village and in the surrounding countryside.

A significant proportion of permanent village residents are employees of (or contractors to) Meridian Energy Limited, a State-Owned Enterprise which is responsible for much of New Zealand's hydroelectricity generation.

Omarama is Māori for "Place of Light", a reference to its extraordinarily pure and clear sky, which also makes it of great interest to astronomers. Benmore Peak Observatory is located approximately 13 km north of Omarama, atop the nearby Benmore Range.

Angling

There are many rivers and lakes in and near Omarama suitable for recreational fishing. The nearby Ahuriri River is a noted fly-fishing river and adjacent Lake Benmore and Lake Ohau are popular with boaters, as well as fly casters and other anglers.

Commercial fishing guides and related services are available within the village and surrounding area.

Commonly encountered local fish species include salmon, and Brown and Rainbow trout.

Agriculture

Although traditionally sheep country, Omarama area farms, along with those within the rest of the Mackenzie Basin, have rapidly converted to predominantly dairy farming, due to falling sheep meat and wool prices, and the recent boom in dairy product earnings.

This conversion has necessitated major changes to the local environment, with iconic tussock lands being ploughed and replaced by pasture, which has been facilitated by new irrigation schemes. Large centre pivot irrigators and private canal networks now dominate much of the landscape.

Recently however, diminishing returns on dairy-based agriculture have led to farmers investigating alternative methods and practices, some now experimenting with biofuel crops.

Due to its immense value and long history, farming and agriculture is likely to continue as the area's predominant activity for the foreseeable future.

Gliding

Due to the strong gliding conditions and spectacular scenery in the Omarama area, as well as the entire Mackenzie Basin, it is known as a world-class gliding location, gaining fame among sailplane pilots around the world after hosting the 1995 World Gliding Championships.

Pilots come to Omarama to experience strong lee wave conditions, ridge soaring and thermal flying. It is common for Omarama-based gliders to soar hundreds of kilometers along the Southern Alps each day.

In ideal conditions, it is possible for gliders to reach distances in excess of 1000 km. Several national and world gliding records have been achieved from Omarama, and the prevailing conditions have attracted record seekers such as Steve Fossett.

The Omarama Gliding Club and several commercial gliding organizations are based in Omarama and provide glider training, towing and trial flights to club members, visiting sailplane pilots, and the public.

Snow sports

There are three skifields within the MacKenzie Basin; Ohau, Round Hill, and Mount Dobson.

Additionally, larger skifields in the vicinity of Wanaka and Queenstown are within a day's return drive of Omarama.

Other attractions

Omarama is a popular holiday destination amongst those living in surrounding districts and provinces, many owning family holiday residences within the village. Tramping is also popular with locals and visitors alike, due to the spectacular and often rugged landscape. Due to the spectacular scenery, numerous artists regularly visit the Omarama area, and several are now permanent residents, exhibiting their Omarama and Mackenzie landscapes and other work in local galleries and further afield.

Omarama will be on the route of the Alps to Ocean Cycle Trail, to be constructed in the following years after approval in 2010.

References

External links

Coordinates: 44°29′S 169°58′E / 44.483°S 169.967°E / -44.483; 169.967



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