Gulf Breeze (Amtrak)

Gulf Breeze (Amtrak)

Infobox rail line
name = "Gulf Breeze"
color =

logo_width =

image_width = 300px
caption = The Greenville, Alabama L&N depot.
type = Inter-city rail
system = Amtrak
status = Discontinued
locale = Alabama
start = Birmingham, Alabama
end = Mobile, Alabama
stations =
routes =
ridership =
open = 1989
close = 1995
owner = CSXT (track)
operator = Amtrak
character =
stock =
linelength = convert|275|mi|km
tracklength =
notrack =
gauge = RailGauge|ussg
el =
speed =
elevation =

Amtrak Gulf Breeze
map_state = show
The "Gulf Breeze" was a convert|275|mi|km|adj=on daily passenger train operated by Amtrak between Birmingham and Mobile in the U.S. state of Alabama.


Amtrak introduced the "Gulf Breeze" in October 1989 as an adjunct to the "Crescent" (New York–New Orleans). Costs of operation were split between Amtrak and the state, with the latter contributing about $1.3 million per year. Annual ridership in FY 1994, the last full year of operation, was 7,737. In December of 1994 Amtrak announced that the "Gulf Breeze" would be discontinued as part of a broad cost-cutting measure which saw other services eliminated or reduced. [cite news | title=CUTS BIRMINGHAM TO MOBILE LINK RAIL SERVICE PRUNED NATIONWIDE | work=Birmingham News | date=December 15, 1994 | first=Stan | last=Diehl | accessdate=2008-05-03] The last "Gulf Breeze" ran on April 1, 1995, and was replaced by bus service. [cite news | title=AMTRAK ELIMINATES GULF BREEZE TRAIN SERVICE; REPLACES WITH THRUWAY BUS SERVICE | work=PR Newswire | date=April 3, 1995 | accessdate=2008-05-03]

Later that year attempts were made under the auspices of the [ Southern Rapid Rail Transit Commission] to resurrect the "Gulf Breeze" as a Mobile–New Orleans service, sharing part of the "Sunset Limited"'s route. This was eventually realized as the "Gulf Coast Limited", a joint effort between Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana which operated 1996–1997. [cite news | title=The little train route that could gets the go-ahead | work=Coast Business | date=April 10, 1995 | accessdate=2008-05-03 | page=7]


The "Gulf Breeze" originated in New York City as the "Crescent", but split at Birmingham and ran south through Montgomery to Mobile on the Gulf of Mexico, while the "Crescent" continued southwest through Mississippi to Louisiana. At the time Mobile was served also by the "Sunset Limited" (Orlando–Los Angeles). [cite news | title=Orient Express-Style Train Launches Washington to Chicago Run | work=Washington Business Journal | date=November 13, 1989 | first=Peter | last=Durantine | accessdate=2008-05-03 | page=31]

The "Gulf Breeze" served the following communities:
*Birmingham, Alabama
*Montgomery, Alabama
*Greenville, Alabama
*Evergreen, Alabama
*Brewton, Alabama
*Atmore, Alabama
*Bay Minette, Alabama
*Mobile, Alabama

Of these, Birmingham is still served by the "Crescent", while Mobile and Atmore were served by the "Sunset Limited" prior to Hurricane Katrina, which saw the shortening of that line to New Orleans. The remainder no longer have passenger rail service.

See also

*"Gulf Coast Limited"

External links

* [ "Gulf Breeze" @ Everything2] externalimage
align = right
width = 200px "Gulf Breeze" headed by an F40PH northbound near Flomaton, Alabama in December of 1990.] [cite web | url= | accessdate=2008-05-03 | work=A Few Railroad Pixs | author=Gary Morris | title=Amtrak 3]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gulf Breeze, Florida — The Gulf Breeze was also a passenger train run by Amtrak. Infobox Settlement official name = Gulf Breeze, Florida other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = City motto = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size =… …   Wikipedia

  • Amtrak — For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). Amtrak Map of the Amtrak system (2007) Reporting mark …   Wikipedia

  • Amtrak Cascades — Overview …   Wikipedia

  • Mules (Amtrak) — Mules Overview Type Inter city rail System Amtrak Locale Missouri Termini Kansas City, Missouri St. L …   Wikipedia

  • Missouri River Runner (Amtrak) — Missouri River Runner Train #313 entering Kirkwood Station Overview Service type Inter city rail …   Wikipedia

  • Metroliner (Amtrak) — Metroliner redirects here. For other uses, see Metroliner (disambiguation). Metroliner Budd Pennsylvania Railroad Metroliner multiple unit car circa 1968 before acceptance. All Metroliners, including this car, entered revenue service wearing Penn …   Wikipedia

  • North Star (Amtrak) — North Star Overview Type Inter city rail System Amtrak Status Closed Locale Midwestern United States …   Wikipedia

  • Calumet (Amtrak) — The Calumet, also commonly called the Valpo Local, was a 43.6 mile (70.2 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak between Chicago and Valparaiso, Indiana.[1] Despite Amtrak s mandate to provide only intercity service, the Calumet was a… …   Wikipedia

  • National Limited (Amtrak) — National Limited The National Limited at Effingham, Illinois in 1979. Overview Service type Inter city rail …   Wikipedia

  • Chesapeake (Amtrak) — Chesapeake Overview Service type Inter city rail Status Transferred to SEPTA and MTA Locale Mid Atlantic states First service …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.