Gaël


Gaël

French commune
nomcommune=Gaël
native_name=Gwazel


caption=


x=54
y=89
lat_long=coord|48|07|59|N|2|13|12|W|region:FR_type:city
région=Bretagne
département=Ille-et-Vilaine
arrondissement=Rennes
canton=Saint-Méen-le-Grand
insee=35117
cp=35290
maire=Daniel Amet
mandat=2001-2008
intercomm=Pays de Saint-Méen-le-Grand
alt moy=80 m
alt mini=51
alt maxi=131 m
km²= 52.1
sans=1351
date-sans=1999
dens=25
date-dens=1999

Gaël ( _br. Gwazel, Gallo: "Gaèu") is a commune in the Ille-et-Vilaine department in Bretagne in northwestern France.

It lies southwest of Rennes between Saint-Méen-le-Grand and Mauron. In the 18th century, a fair was held twice a year in August and October.

History

Its Breton name is Gwazel, formerly called Guadel(t) or Wadel.

It is best known to English historians as being the ancestral seat of Ralph de Guader the first earl of Norfolk and Suffolk in post-Conquest England circa 1070 A.D.

This is an ancient Breton parish to the west of Rennes, whose boundaries formerly stretched to include the territories of Bran, Muel, Saint-Onen, Crouais, Saint-Méen-le-Grand, Concoret and Loscouët-sur-Meu. The parish of Gaël (Guadel) was a dependency of the Archbishopric of Saint-Malo. In the 6th and 7th centuries, Gaël was a major town in the kingdom of Domnonia.

The name is alleged to derive from the word for a ford, river-crossing or river (see Guad- and Guadal-). In local myths there was a 6th century king Hoël (possible link to King Coel) known as the forest king or "Rex Arboretanus". It is a fact that the town is situated amidst the vast forests of Poutrecouët. A royal castle from this era was sited at Meu, not far from Gaël. This later became the seat of the De Montfort family. The emplacement was captured and dismantled by De Guesclin in 1372.

Population

Inhabitants of Gaël are called "Gaëlites".

ee also

*Communes of the Ille-et-Vilaine department

References

* [http://www.amf35.asso.fr Mayors of Ille-et-Vilaine Association] fr icon;
* [http://www.insee.fr/en/home/home_page.asp INSEE] en icon;
* [http://www.ign.fr/rubrique.asp?rbr_id=1&lng_id=EN IGN] en icon

External links

* [http://www.culture.gouv.fr/public/mistral/merimee_fr?ACTION=CHERCHER&FIELD_98=INSEE&VALUE_98=35117 French Ministry of Culture list for Gaël] fr icon


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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gaël — (Gwazel) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gael — Gaël Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Gaël, commune française d Ille et Vilaine ; Raoul Ier de Gaël, seigneur de Gaël et de Montfort sur Meu au XIe siècle ; Gaël, prénom… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gael — Gaël (Gwazel) DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gael — gael; gael·dom; gael·i·cist; gael·i·cize; gael·tacht; gael·ic; …   English syllables

  • Gaël — País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gael — Gael, n.sing. & pl. [See {Gaelic}.] (Ethnol.) A Celt or the Celts of the Scotch Highlands or of Ireland; now esp., a Scotch Highlander of Celtic origin. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gael — 1810, from Scottish Gaelic Gaidheal member of the Gaelic race, corresponding to O.Ir. Goidhel (Cf. L. Gallus). The native name in both Ireland and Scotland, Gael was first used in English exclusively of Scottish Highlanders …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gael — [gāl] n. [contr. < Gael Gaidheal, akin to Ir Gaedheal, OIr Góidel, Welsh gwyddel] a Celt of Scotland, Ireland, or the Isle of Man; esp., a Celt of the Scottish Highlands …   English World dictionary

  • Gaël — (Gwazel en bretón) es una pequeña comuna de Francia, en Ille et Vilaine localizada al sudoeste del departamento de Rennes …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • gael — gaél (ga el) s. m., pl. gaéli Trimis de gall, 13.01.2008. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • gael — s. m. Língua do Norte da Escócia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa


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