Gait abnormality


Gait abnormality
Abnormalities of gait and mobility
ICD-10 R26
ICD-9 781.2
DiseasesDB 15409
MedlinePlus 003199
eMedicine pmr/225
MeSH D020233

Gait abnormality is a deviation from normal walking (gait). Watching a patient walk is the most important part of the neurological examination. Normal gait requires that many systems, including strength, sensation and coordination, function in an integrated fashion. Many common problems in the nervous system and musculoskeletal system will show up in the way a person walks.[1]

Contents

Presentation and causes

Persons suffering from peripheral neuropathy experience numbness and tingling in their hands and feet. This can cause ambulation impairment, such as trouble climbing stairs or maintaining balance. Gait abnormality is also common in persons with nervous system affections such as Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Myasthenia gravis, and Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease. Orthopedic corrective treatments may also manifest into gait abnormality, such as lower extremity amputation, post-fracture, and arthroplasty (joint replacement). Difficulty in ambulation that results from chemotherapy is generally temporary in nature, though recovery times of six months to a year are common. Likewise, difficulty in walking due to arthritis or joint pains (antalgic gait) sometimes resolves spontaneously once the pain is gone.[2][3]

Types

See also

References

  1. ^ Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th ed., Ch. 346, Approach to the Paitent with Neurological Disease
  2. ^ Gait Abnormality Coding Checklist by Jun Mapili, PT, MAEd
  3. ^ ICD-9-cm Chrisenders

External links


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  • Gait Abnormality Rating Scale — (GARS)cite journal |author=Wolfson L, Whipple R, Amerman P, Tobin JN |title=Gait assessment in the elderly: a gait abnormality rating scale and its relation to falls |journal=J Gerontol |volume=45 |issue=1 |pages=M12–9 |year=1990 |month=January… …   Wikipedia

  • Gait (human) — This article is about the physical exercise. For other uses, see here. Humans using a running gait. Note the suspended phase in which neither foot touches the ground. Human gait is the way locomotion is achieved using human limbs. Different gaits …   Wikipedia

  • Steppage gait — (High stepping, Neuropathic gait) is a form of gait abnormality that is associated with a loss of dorsiflexion.[1] It can be caused by damage to the deep peroneal nerve.[2] Presentation Toes point down. [3] …   Wikipedia

  • Myopathic gait — (or waddling gait) is a form of gait abnormality. The waddling is due to the weakness of the proximal muscles of the pelvic girdle.[1] The patient uses circumduction to compensate for gluteal weakness.[2] Conditions associated with a myopathic… …   Wikipedia

  • Magnetic gait — is a form of gait abnormality. Contents 1 Presentation 2 Associated conditions 3 See also 4 References …   Wikipedia

  • Trendelenburg gait — SignSymptom infobox Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 29422 ICD10 = ICD9 = ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = The Trendelenburg gait is an abnormal gait caused by weakness of the abductor muscles of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Festinating gait — (or Parkinsonian gait) is a form of gait abnormality.PresentationThe patient moves with short, jerky steps. Term derives from Latin festino , or to hurry . [ [http://www.medfriendly.com/festinatinggait.html Medfriendly] ] [… …   Wikipedia

  • Stomping gait — (or sensory ataxia gait) is a form of gait abnormality.Presentation Uncoordinated walking [ [http://medical.webends.com/kw/Gait%20Ataxia Medical Web Ends] ] [ [http://physicaltherapy.about.com/od/abbreviationsandterms/g/Gait.htm About Physical… …   Wikipedia

  • Spastic gait — is a form of gait abnormality.Among the treatment options is chemodenervation.cite journal |author=Esquenazi A |title=Evaluation and management of spastic gait in patients with traumatic brain injury |journal=J Head Trauma Rehabil |volume=19… …   Wikipedia

  • Antalgic gait — is a form of gait abnormality.In it, the individual favors certain motions to avoid acute pain. [ [http://www.gpnotebook.co.uk/simplepage.cfm?ID=671481857 GP Notebook] ] Conditions associated with an antalgic gait* Trauma * Osteoarthritis *… …   Wikipedia