Ibn Miskawayh

Ibn Miskawayh

Infobox_Muslim scholars | notability = Muslim scholar| era = Islamic golden age| color = #cef2e0 |

| image_caption = |
| name = Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Miskawayh Razi| title= Ibn Miskawayh| birth = 932CE| death = 1030CE| Maddhab = | school tradition= | Ethnicity = Persian
Region = Iran| main_interests = History, ethics and philosophy| notable idea=
works = "Tadhib al-akhlaq" (Ethical Instruction) and "Al-Fawz al-Asghar"
influences = | influenced = |

Abu 'Ali Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya'qub Ibn Miskawayh, (Persian: ابن مسكوويه) also known as Ibn Miskawayh (932-1030) was a prominent Persian philosopher, scientist, poet and historian from Ray, Iran. He was active politically during the Buwayhid era.

His effect on Islamic philosophy is mainly concerned with ethical issues. He was the author of the first major Islamic work on philosophical ethics, entitled "Tadhib al-akhlaq" (Ethical Instruction), focusing on practical ethics, conduct, and refinement of character. He separated personal ethics from the public realm, and contrasted the liberating nature of reason with the deception and temptation of nature.


Ibn Miskawayh was one of the first to clearly describe the idea of evolution. Muhammad Hamidullah describes the evolutionary ideas found in Ibn Miskawayh's "al-Fawz al-Asghar" as follows:

Arabic manuscripts of the "al-Fawz al-Asghar" were available in European universities by the 19th century. This work is believed to have been studied by Charles Darwin, who was a student of Arabic, and it is thought to have had an influence on his inception of Darwinism.

ee also

* List of Iranian scientists


External links

* [http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ip/rep/H042 Ibn Miskawayh, Ahmad ibn Muhammad in Muslimphilosophy.com]

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