Zakariya al-Qazwini


Zakariya al-Qazwini

Abu Yahya Zakariya' ibn Muhammad al-Qazwini (أبو يحيئ زكريا بن محمد القزويني) (born 1203 - died 1283), was a Persian physician, astronomer, geographer and proto-science fiction writer.

Born in the Persian town of Qazvin, Zakariya' ibn Muhammad al-Qazwini served as legal expert and judge ("qadhi") in several localities in Persia and at Baghdad. He travelled around in Mesopotamia and Syria, and finally entered the circle patronized by the governor of Baghdad, ‘Ata-Malik Juwayni (d. 1283 CE).

It was to the latter that al-Qazwini dedicated his famous Arabic-language cosmography titled "'Aja'ib al-makhluqat wa-ghara'ib al-mawjudat" عجائب المخلوقات و غرائب الموجودات ("Marvels of Creatures and Strange Things Existing"). This treatise, frequently illustrated, was immensely popular and is preserved today in many copies. It was translated into Persian and Turkish.

Qazwini was also well-known for his geographical dictionary, "Athar al-bilad wa-akhbar al-‘ibad" اثار البلاد واخبار العباد ("Monument of Places and History of God's Bondsmen"). Both of these treatises reflect extensive reading and learning in a wide range of disciplines.

Al-Qazwini also wrote a futuristic proto-science fiction Arabic tale entitled "Awaj bin Anfaq", about a man who travelled to Earth from a distant planet. [Achmed A. W. Khammas, [http://www.heise.de/tp/r4/artikel/23/23713/1.html Science Fiction in Arabic Literature] ]

ee also

*List of Iranian scientists

ources

* T. Lewick, 'Kazwini' in "The Encyclopaedia of Islam", 2nd edition, ed. by H.A.R. Gibbs, B. Lewis, Ch. Pellat, C. Bosworth et al., 11 vols. (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1960-2002), vol. 4, pp 865-7
*L. Richter-Bernburg, 'al-Qazwini, Zakariyya' ibn Muhammad', in "Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature", ed. by Julie Scott Meisami and Paul Starkey (London: Routledge, 1998), vol. 2, pp 637-8.

His cosmography has been edited by F. Wüstenfeld, "‘Aja'ib al-makhluqat" (Göttingen, 1849), and a partial German translation by A. Giese, "Al-Qazwini, Die Wunder des Himmels und der Erde" (Stuttgart and Vienna, 1986).

His geographical dictionary was edited by Wüstenfeld as "Athar al-bilad" (Göttingen, 1848).


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Qazwini — Qazwini, Qazvini, al Quazvini, meaning (a person) from Qazvin , may refer to one of the following persons.* Najm al din Umar al Qazwini (died 1276), Persian astronomer known as al Katibi *Abu Yahya Zakariya ibn Muhammad al Qazwini, ( died 1283… …   Wikipedia

  • Najm al-Dīn al-Qazwīnī al-Kātibī — (died AH 675 / 1276 CE) was a Persian Islamic philosopher and logician of the Shafi i school.[1] A student of Nasir al Din al Tusi,[2] he is the author of two major works, one on logic, Al Risala al Shamsiyya, and one on metaphysics and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi — Al Razi redirects here. For the Islamic theologian and philosopher, see Fakhr al Din al Razi. For other uses, see Razi (disambiguation). Muhammad ibn Zakariyā Rāzī Razi was the preeminent pharmacist and physician of his time. Full name Muhammad… …   Wikipedia

  • Al-Qazwînî — Al Qazwini Illustration faite pour une réédition au XIXe siècle de son œuvre Les Merveilles des choses créées et les curiosités des choses existantes Al Qazwini (1203 1283) est un homme de lettres et un juriste arabe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Al-Qazwini — Illustration faite pour une réédition au XIXe siècle de son œuvre Les Merveilles des choses créées et les curiosités des choses existantes Al Qazwini (1203 1283) est un homme de lettres et un juriste persan 1203 : Naissance de Zakâriyâ… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ʿAjā'ib al-makhlūqāt wa gharā'ib al-mawjūdāt — (Arabic: عجائب المخلوقات و غرائب الموجودات‎, meaning Marvels of creatures and Strange things existing) is an important work of cosmography by Zakariya ibn Muhammad ibn Mahmud Abu Yahya al Qazwini who was born in Qazwin year 600 (AH)/1203.… …   Wikipedia

  • Alhazen — For the Moon crater, see Alhazen (crater). For the asteroid, see 59239 Alhazen. Alhazen Alhazen (Ibn al Haytham) …   Wikipedia

  • Jade — Weiße und grüne Jade. Aktinolith, eine jadeähn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī — Al Biruni redirects here. For the lunar crater, see Al Biruni (crater). For the university, see Al Beroni University. Al Birunī (البیرونی) Alberonius An imaginary rendition of Al Biruni on a 1973 Afghan post stamp Full name Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad… …   Wikipedia

  • Hussein ibn Ali — This article is about Husayn ibn Ali (626–680). For the modern political figure (1852–1931), see Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca. Husayn al Shahīd Imams of Shi a Islam …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.