Ziya' al-Din Nakhshabi was an 14th-century Persian physician and Sufi living in India. He died in 1350.
According to a statement in a manuscript now at The National Library of Medicine, Nakhshabi himself transcribed and illustrated a Persian translation made of a Hindi version of a Sanskrit treatise on sexual hygiene.
There are 5 full-page miniatures painted in a variety of opaque watercolors with gilt and two half or three-quarter miniatures, all of a provincial Mughal style typical of north-west India, especially Kashmir, in the 18th century.
No other particulars are known of Nakhshabi.
There are however a number of other Persian manuscripts which associate the name Ziya' Nakhshabi or Dhiya' al-Din Nakhshabi with versions of this ultimately Sanskrit treatise on sexual hygiene. And he is also known to have edited and added his own verses to a Persian translation called Tutinama of a Sanskrit collection of 52 tales narrated by a parrot (tuti in Persian) and a nightingale (sharak) to a woman in order to keep her away from a lover while her husband, a traveling merchant, was absent.
- List of Iranian scientists
For treatises attributed to him, see Fateme Keshavarz, A Descriptive and Analytical Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the Library of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine (London: Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1986), pp 377–378 no 211 and pp 633–634 no 450.
Medicine in the medieval Islamic world Physicians7th century8th century9th century10th centuryQusta ibn Luqa • Abu ul-Ala Shirazi • Abul Hasan al-Tabari • Al-Natili • Qumri • Abu Zayd al-Balkhi • Isaac Israeli ben Solomon • Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi • Abu Sahl 'Isa ibn Yahya al-Masihi • Muvaffak • Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi • Ibn Juljul • Al-Zahrawi • Ibn al-Jazzar • Al-Kaŝkarī • Ibn Abi al-Ashʿath • Ibn al-Batriq • Ibrahim ibn Baks11th century12th centuryAbu al-Bayan ibn al-Mudawwar • Ahmad ibn Farrokh • Ismail Gorgani • Ibn Hubal • Zayn al-Din Gorgani • Maimonides • Serapion the Younger • Ibn Zuhr • Ya'qub ibn Ishaq al-Israili • Abu Jafar ibn Harun of Trujillo • Averroes • Ibn Tufail • Al-Ghafiqi • Ibn Abi al-Hakam • Abu'l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī • Samauʼal Al-Maghribī • Ibn al-Tilmīdh13th centurySa'ad al-Dawla • Al-Shahrazuri • Rashidun al-Suri • Amin al-Din Rashid al-Din Vatvat • Avraham son of Rambam • Da'ud Abu al-Fadl • Al-Dakhwar • Ibn Abi Usaibia • Joseph ben Judah of Ceuta • Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi (medieval writer) • Ibn al-Nafis • Zakariya al-Qazwini • Najib ad-Din-e-Samarqandi • Qotb al-Din Shirazi • Ibn al-Quff14th century15th century16th centuryHakim-e-Gilani • Abul Qasim ibn Mohammed al-Ghassani • Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf Concepts Works Centers Influences Influenced
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