- Charlotte Schimmelmann
Charlotte Schimmelmann, miniature portrait by Cornelius Høyer (c. 1800)
Born 10 August 1757
Died 2 December 1816(aged 59)
Nationality German-Danish Known for Salons Spouse Ernst Heinrich von Schimmelmann
Magdalene Charlotte Schubart was born at Fossum in Skien, Norway to Lieutenant Carl Rudolph Schubart (1714–59) and Inger Løvenskiold (1732–1808). On the 25th May 1782, she married the statesman Count Ernst Heinrich won Schimmelan (1747–1831). After the coup d'état against Ove Høegh-Guldberg in 1784, he became Minister of Finance until 1813 and later Prime Minister.
Her salon was organized according to the French pattern and was renowned abroad. The latest developments in science, politics and culture were discussed. She considered it a profession to be a salonist. Her salon gathered philosophers and politicians, and played a part in the country's political scene. It was inspired by a form of "aristocratic humanism", and by the ideas of the French revolution in 1789.
Her husband opened schools, which she protected, and argued for the abolition of slavery, even though they owned plantations in the Danish West Indies. The Schimmelmann family had became the richest family in Denmark in the 18th century largely due to the sugar trade with the West Indies. Until 1807, her political circle of ministers earned money by trading with countries involved in the Napoleonic wars, which made her salon considered to be a center of political corruption, which made it unfashionable.
- Louise Stolberg
- Sophia Magdalena Krag Juel Vind
- Blandt digtere og skydebrødre, article in Danish
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