- Wolf pack Leuthen
"Leuthen" was a
wolf packof German U-boats that operated during the battle of the Atlantic in World War II.
"Leuthen" was formed in September 1943 and was established to renew the attack on the North Atlantic route. Following the defeats of May 1943, and the devastating losses incurred by the U- boat Arm ("U-Bootwaffe",UBW) then, Adm Dönitz had withdrawn from attacks on the North Atlantic route while awaiting tactical and technical improvements.By September 1943 these were ready.
"Leuthen" operated against convoys ONS.18 and ON 202, which were travelling together;
U-boats from "Leuthen" sank 6 ships (of 36,442 GRT and 3 escorts in this battle, but lost 3 boats ( "U-229", "U-338", and "U-341") destroyed, and 3 forced to return with damage, in attacks by aircraft and surface vessels.
"Leuthen" was disbanded after this assault, at the end of September; of the remaining 15 boats, 3 returned to base and 12 formed the core of a new patol line, code-named "Rossbach".
The name "Leuthen" was a reference to the
battle of Leuthenfought by Frederick the Greatduring the Seven Years War.
* Jak P M Showell "U-Boat Warfare: The Evolution of the Wolf-Pack" (2002) ISBN 0-7110-2887-7
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