- United Wa State Army
United Wa State Army (UWSA) is the army of an estimated twenty thousand soldiers of
Myanmar's Special Region No. (2) (There is no recognised Wa Statein Myanmar: Myanmar is divided into divisions, states, and special regions). Its leader is Bao You-Xiang.United Wa State Army is the military wing of the United Wa State Party(UWSP). The towns of Pangshang and Mong Pawk are within the area of this special region. The UWSA currently backs a counterinsurgency strategy of the Myanmar Army against the Shan StateArmy-South (SSA-S).
United States governmentlabelled the UWSA as a narcotics-trafficking organization on May 29 2003. On November 3 2005, The United StatesDepartment of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Controllisted 11 individuals and 16 companies that were "part of the financial and commercial network of designated significant foreign narcotics trafficker Wei Hsueh-kangand the United Wa State Army (UWSA)." The UWSA is said to be the largest drug-producing organization in Southeast Asia. In addition to the traditional Golden Triangle export of opiates, it is said to produce methamphetamine, or yaa baa, which is not only much cheaper and easier to manufacture than heroin, but also more affordable. Thai authorities have denounced methamphetamine production, trafficking, and consumption as a national security threat.
According to Jane's Intelligence Review in April 2008, China has become the main source of arms to the United Wa State Army, displacing traditional black market sources in South East Asia such as Thailand and Cambodia.
External links and references
* [http://www.geopium.org/yaabaa-methamphetamine-production-traffic-consumption.htm Chouvy, Pierre-Arnaud & Meissonnier, Joël, "Yaa Baa. Production, traffic, and consumption of methamphetamine in Mainland Southeast Asia", Singapore University Press, 2004]
* [http://www.geopium.org/Myanmar-UWSA-AsiaTimes-chouvy2004.html Chouvy, Pierre-Arnaud, "Myanmar's Wa: Likely Losers in the Opium War", 24 January 24 2004, Asia Times]
* [http://www.geopium.org/Photos/Thailand2006/Photos-Thailand-2006-Thai-Burma-Border.htm Photos of United Wa State Army (UWSA) and Shan State Army-South (SSA-S) military outposts along the border of Thailand, Chiang Rai province]
*"U.S. Links 11 Individuals, 16 Companies to Burma Drug Syndicate." Distributed by the Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State. November 4, 2005.
*Jack Picone. "A Gentler War on Drugs." Utne, September-October 2005, pp. 68-71; originally in [http://www.colorsmagazine.com/ Colors] magazine (Winter 2004-05)
* [http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/BONDAGE.htm The Bondage of Opium - a proposal and a plea] UWSP
* [http://www.indianexpress.com/story/312894.html China emerging as main source of arms to N-E rebels: Jane’s Review, Indian Express, Accessed: 08-06-2008]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
United Wa State Army — Fahne des De facto Wa Staats in Myanmar Die United Wa State Army (UWSA) ist der bewaffnete Arm der United Wa State Party (UWSP), einer politischen Gruppierung, die sich für die ethnische Minderheit der Va im Shan Staat von Myanmar (Birma)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
United Wa State Army — (UWSA) At the beginning of the 21st century, the most powerful ethnic minority armed group in Burma, with a strength of 20,000 men and a notorious reputation as Southeast Asia s best organized narco army. Although statistics are unreliable … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Shan State Army — (SSA) (SOUTH) An ethnic armed group that continues to resist the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). After Khun Sa signed a cease fire with the SPDC s predecessor, the State Law and Order Restoration Council, in January 1996, the… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Shan State Army-South — Die Shan State Army South (SSA S) ist eine Widerstandsgruppe der Minderheit der Shan in Myanmar (Birma). Die Zahl der bewaffneten Kämpfer wird auf 10.000 geschätzt. Die SSA S wurde im Januar 1996 von ehemaligen Kämpfern der Muang Tai Army in der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of United States Regular Army Civil War Units — Infantry= *1st U.S. Infantry Regiment *2nd U.S. Infantry Regiment *3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment *4th U.S. Infantry Regiment *5th U.S. Infantry Regiment *6th U.S. Infantry Regiment *7th U.S. Infantry Regiment *8th U.S. Infantry Regiment *9th U.S.… … Wikipedia
State Guard Association of the United States — Abbreviation SGAUS Formation 1985 Legal status 501(c)(6) … Wikipedia
State University of New York Maritime College — Motto Loyalty, Valor Established 1874 Type State University of New York (SUNY) … Wikipedia
United States Army, The — ▪ United States military major branch of the United States armed forces charged with the preservation of peace and security and the defense of the nation. The army furnishes most of the ground forces in the U.S. military organization. The… … Universalium
United States federal courts — United States This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the United States … Wikipedia
Army Knowledge Online — (AKO) is a corporate intranet for the United State Army, and the US Army s single approved enterprise class web portal [news from Ft.McCoy] http://www.mccoy.army.mil/vtriad online/09142001/AKO.htm ] . AKO provides secure access to Army web assets … Wikipedia