Skipjack tuna


Skipjack tuna
Skipjack tuna
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Scombridae
Tribe: Thunnini
Genus: Katsuwonus
Kishinouye, 1915
Species: K. pelamis
Binomial name
Katsuwonus pelamis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, is a medium-sized perciform fish in the tuna family, Scombridae. It is otherwise known as the aku, arctic bonito, mushmouth, oceanic bonito, striped tuna, or victor fish. It grows up to 1 m (3 ft) in length.

Contents

Description

It is a streamlined, fast-swimming pelagic fish, common in tropical waters throughout the world, where it inhabits surface waters in large shoals (up to 50,000 fish), feeding on fish, crustaceans, cephalopods and mollusks. It is an important prey species for large pelagic fishes and sharks.

It is an important commercial and game fish, usually caught using purse seine nets, and is sold fresh, frozen, canned, dried, salted, and smoked.

Skipjack is the most fecund of the main commercial tunas, and its population is considered sustainable against its current consumption.[1][2] Its fishing is still controversial due to the methodology; with rod and reel or fishery options being promoted as ecologically preferable.[3][4][5]

Countries recording large amounts of skipjack catches include the Maldives, France, Spain, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia.[6]

Skipjack is considered to have "moderate" mercury contamination. As a result, pregnant women are advised against eating large quantities.[7][8][9]

Gastronomy

Shoal of skipjack tuna

In Japanese cuisine, skipjack tuna is known as katsuo, and is commonly smoked and dried to make katsuobushi, the central ingredient in making dashi (fish stock). Skipjack tuna is also used in katsuo no shiokara.

Skipjack is also integral to Maldivian cuisine.[10]

References

  1. ^ "FishWatch: Atlantic Skipjack Tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis)". NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminsitration. November 3, 2009. http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch/species/atl_skipjack.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  2. ^ "Skipjack tuna, purse seine caught". Blue Ocean Institute. Nov 11, 2009. http://www.blueocean.org/programs/seafood-view?spc_id=54. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  3. ^ courtesy of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (November 2009). "BUSINESS: PACIFIC TOLD TO TAKE THE LEAD If region wants to conserve critical resource". Islands Business International. http://www.islandsbusiness.com/islands_business/index_dynamic/containerNameToReplace=MiddleMiddle/focusModuleID=18926/overideSkinName=issueArticle-full.tpl. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  4. ^ "Pacific tries to show way in sustainable tuna fishing". ABC International - Radio Australia. Fri Oct 23, 2009. http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/pacbeat/stories/200910/s2722094.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  5. ^ "Retailers' Guide to Sustainable and Equitable Pole and Line Skipjack". Greenpeace International. 27 April 2009. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/reports/retailers-guide-skipjack. Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  6. ^ Makoto Miyake, Naozumi Miyabe, Hideki Nakano, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2004). Historical trends of tuna catches in the world. http://books.google.com/books?id=B0fQre6F7KAC&printsec=frontcover. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ Prince, Rose (11 March 2010). "Tuna fishing in the Maldives: the fairest catch". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/7413598/Tuna-fishing-in-the-Maldives-the-fairest-catch.html. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • skipjack tuna — dryžasis tunas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Katsuwonus pelamis angl. oceanic bonito; oceanic skipjack; skipjack tuna; striped tuna rus. обыкновенный скипджек; океанский бонито; полосатый тунец… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • skipjack tuna — Bonito Bo*ni to, n.; pl. {Bonitoes}. [Sp. & Pg. bonito, fr. Ar. bain[=i]t and bain[=i]th.] [Often incorrectly written {bonita}.] (Zo[ o]l.) 1. A large tropical fish ({Orcynus pelamys}) allied to the tunny. It is about three feet long, blue above …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • skipjack tuna — noun oceanic schooling tuna of considerable value in Pacific but less in Atlantic; reaches 75 pounds; very similar to if not the same as oceanic bonito • Syn: ↑skipjack, ↑Euthynnus pelamis • Hypernyms: ↑scombroid, ↑scombroid fish • Member… …   Useful english dictionary

  • skipjack tuna — noun Date: 1950 a relatively small tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis syn. Euthynnus pelamis) that is bluish above and silvery below with oblique dark stripes on the sides and belly …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Tuna — Tuna, are several species of ocean dwelling fish in the family Scombridae, mostly in the genus Thunnus . Tunas are fast swimmers they have been clocked at 70 km/h (45 mph) and include several species that are warm blooded. Unlike most fish… …   Wikipedia

  • Skipjack — The term Skipjack can refer to:Animals * Skipjack tuna, a fish of the family Scombridae. * A common name for Elateridae (click beetles)Ships and boats * Skipjack (boat), a type of fishing boat used on the Chesapeake Bay, USA. * USS Skipjack , any …   Wikipedia

  • tuna — tuna1 /tooh neuh, tyooh /, n., pl. (esp. collectively) tuna, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) tunas. 1. any of several large food and game fishes of the family Scombridae, inhabiting temperate and tropical seas. Cf. albacore,… …   Universalium

  • skipjack — noun 1》 (also skipjack tuna) a small tuna with dark horizontal stripes. [Katsuwonus pelamis.] 2》 a sloop rigged sailing boat of a kind used off the east coast of the US. Origin C18: from skip1 + jack1 (with ref. to the fish s habit of jumping out …   English new terms dictionary

  • skipjack — n. 1 (in full skipjack tuna) a small striped Pacific tuna, Katsuwonus pelamus, used as food. 2 a click beetle. 3 a kind of sailing boat used off the East coast of the US. Etymology: SKIP(1) + JACK(1) …   Useful english dictionary

  • skipjack — Bonito Bo*ni to, n.; pl. {Bonitoes}. [Sp. & Pg. bonito, fr. Ar. bain[=i]t and bain[=i]th.] [Often incorrectly written {bonita}.] (Zo[ o]l.) 1. A large tropical fish ({Orcynus pelamys}) allied to the tunny. It is about three feet long, blue above …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English